Spitfire Mk. XIV E, October 45, B.174 Utersen, Germany.
Spitfire Mk. XIV E, October 45, B.174 Utersen, Germany.
The Making of a WWII RCAF Spitfire Pilot
P/O Gordon Hill J37340
The move into Germany begins on 11 April 1945, when thirteen squadron Spitfires depart for B.100 Goch, Germany, [76 on map] where they will remain until 14 April.
The ground party moves out on 12 April, and follow the blue line on map. They cross the Rhine River at Wesel, [#57 on map] and proceed to B.108 at Rheine, Germany, where they spent the night. Gordon was running the Orderly Room while Adjutant Howe was away, and requested to drive the squadron Jeep, so he could take photos of crossing the Rhine into Germany.
Crossing the Rhine [looking south] at Wesel, Germany, blue circle #57 on map
North bound to Wesel, Germany
On 24 March, the American 9th Army and British Second Army forces swept across the Rhine at this point and the city of Wesel was secured. At the same time airborne troops landed on the German plain north of the Ruhr.
No 416 RCAF ground “A” convey crossed at the same spot on 12 April 1945. Gordon returned to B.100 Goch and rejoined his flight.
The river banks were still heavily mined by the retreating Germans.
The pilots and thirteen 416 Spitfire fighters flown to B.100 Goch, Germany, on 11 April 1945. Gord flew patrol the next day, attacking buildings, and trains, from 06:48 until 09:16 hours.
Welcome to Germany, flak damage at B.100 Goch, Germany, 13 April 1945
No. 440 RCAF Typhoon at B.100 Goch
Gordon’s April trip to Dusseldorf clearly shows the effects of the Allied bombing campaign.
On 14 April 1945, the Spitfires arrive at B.114 Diepholz, Germany, and Gord records the fighters. It snowed on 21 April, and this image was taken some time later, with still snow on the ground. No. 416 [Lynx] Squadron left B.114 on 26 April and arrived at B.154 Reinsehlen, Germany, where they remained for the next two months.
Gordon with his camera
B.114 Diepholz was a former Luftwaffe base and contained excellent hangars and aircrew living quarters. They only stayed for twelve days and then departed North West 100 miles to B.154.
The ground “A” party left at 8 am 26 April 1945, and the Spitfires left just after 1 pm. The new drome was located 35 miles south east of Hamburg, Germany, near Schnenerdinge, Germany. Twenty miles south was the village of Bergen, Germany.
The fighter pilots were ordered to taxi to the end of the runway, park, and remain beside their aircraft, as the airfield had not been cleared of mines. Around 4 pm the British Army arrived and commenced to clear the area of German mines. By the time the area was secured, ground party “A” arrived and began to unload tents and supplies.
Ground party “B” arrived on 28 April 1945, and found they would be living in tents, and working out doors from their mobile hangar trucks. The Daily Diary made note the billets were not as good as the last ones, they would have to make the best of it.
The mobile aircraft hangar repair shop at B.154 Reinsehlen
The squadron group photo at B.154/ Reinsehlen, Germany, June 1945
Baseball game at B.154
On 2 May 1945, the pilots learned the village of Bergen was just 20 miles south of their location and two miles away was a large concentration camp named “Bergen Belsen.”
Gordon and four other RCAF pilots took the squadron Jeep and drove south to the large concentration camp. Gordon stated – “No amount of words can give a true impression of what we saw, heard, and smelled that horrible day. I still wish I had never gone, and it really bothered me for the next twenty years of my life. Nazi Germany conquered, enslaved, and plundered Europe, but we five pilots had no idea what to expect, and it defied any description, even still today.”
The entrance sign erected by the British Army around 29 April 1945.
Original black and white colorised by Pierre Lagacé
Bremen bombed docks seen from a Canadian Spitfire, 3 May 1945.
F/O Picard and F/O McCallum
On 4 May 1945, F/O G. M. Hill was one of six Spitfires [TB237 – SM200 – SM191 – SM466 – SM470 – and his “S” TD187] attacking German shipping off shore at Eckerrerde Bay. They returned to base at 14:20 hrs. and were informed the war in Europe was over. This was later confirmed by radio at 20:30 hrs that evening.
On 5 May 1945, No. 416 was assigned a special escort of 14 Dakota transport aircraft to Copenhagen, Denmark, and the signing of the German surrender of Northwest Germany. Gordon flew DN-S, serial TD187, and the return trip took 2 hrs. and 25 minutes. The RCAF Spitfires could not land, as they did not have a self starter like the American P-51 fighters, who were also conducting escort of VIPs.
The 492nd Bombardment Group of the American 8th Air Force arrived at North Pickenham, England, on 14 April 1944, and flew a total of 64 missions until 7 August 1944. They were withdrawn from combat on 5 August and assumed special operations at Harrington, replacing the 801st Bomb Group. On the afternoon of 6 May 1945, Col. Robert W. Fish was assigned a secret mission to fly an American C-47 from Harrington, England, to Copenhagen [Kastrup] Denmark. The passengers were members of the Danish Government and two members of the Danish Royal Family. This was for a secret unconditional signing of the German surrender documents, as the Germans Forces had surrendered on 5 May 1945. The V.I.P.s arrived at Harrington on 7 May 1945, and the C-47 took off at 10:00 hrs, stopping for fuel at Eindhoven, Belgium. They were then joined by two American P-51 fighters who escorted the C-47 to the airport at Copenhagen, Denmark. They were cleared to land, and found the airport was still partly in control of the Germans. The V.I.P.s departed and the flight crew were treated to a huge meal by the Danish, then returned to England.
On 7 May 1945, “B” flight, No. 416 Squadron was informed four pilots would be flying escort for a single RAF Mosquito fighter to Copenhagen-Kastrup, Denmark. The Mosquito was transporting a special VIP for the unconditional surrender of North-West Germany, Denmark, and Heligoland. The No. 416 escort pilots selected were – P/O L. E. Spurr, [TD251 “F”] F/O K.J. Williams, [TB905 “K”] F/O R.O. Brouillard, [SM466 “Y”] and F/O Gordon Hill, [TD187 “S”].
These four pilots flew – “The last No. 416 Squadron operation in World War Two.”
This special escort took place from 16:05 hrs to 18:25 hrs, 7 May 1945. The special Danish V.I.P. is unknown. F/O Hill had aircraft problems and returned to base, recorded as [D.N.C.O.] Duty Not Carried Out. Gordon is unable to recall the events.
The total number of special escort operations completed by No. 416 Squadron on 7 May 1945.
This image was taken by Canadians at Fleasburg airfield, Denmark, 5 May 1945. The Danes had removed all the propellers and spinners from the German fighters, preventing them from being flown out.
Copy of the final WWII newsletter – ‘WINGTIPS XTRA.”
On 8 May 1945, the war was officially over, and all RCAF ranks had the day off. Gordon, two other pilots, and three ground crew, drove north from Hamburg to an airfield [B.164/Schleswig] south of Flensburg, Germany. They were looking for German aircraft to bring back to the squadron and German guns. They loaded two cases of rum [12 – 16 oz. bottles] and headed off into northern Germany.
The original history by F/O Gordon Hill in his photo album.
The ex-Luftwaffe airfield was now home to a unit of British Marines, and they loudly advised – “No Bloody way you’ll get any guns, let alone any German aircraft.”
While standing on the airfield a German two engine bomber appeared, landed, and the two crew surrendered to the RCAF pilots. Gordon Hill took three photos.
The German pilot [right under engine] stated he came from Norway then Denmark. Possibly Junkers Ju188D-2 from 1. Fernaufklarungsgruppe 122, Kirkenes, Norway. Number on nose appears to be 032.
Standard green camouflage with pale blue-grey over spray, code white H and black letter R.
The Canadians requested lodging for the night, and that evening invited the British Marine Captain in charge, and two of his officers over for a few drinks of rum. The morning of May 9, 1945, the two ground crew returned to base driving the squadron Jeep. The three RCAF pilots each flew off in a German aircraft, loaded with German guns, and Gordon stated – “The remainder of the rum was left with the British Captain for medical use.”
This No. 416 captured Messerschmitt Bf 109, was now joined by three more German aircraft.
This is the original note given to F/O Gordon Hill from the British Marine Captain, to take the two Bücker Bü 181 aircraft, which he identified as Me 108s. It’s amazing the power a bottle of rum has in making a deal. F/O Hill flew one of the captured Bü 181s back to base, and this unofficial flight is not recorded in his log book. The German aircraft [RL-E1] were given the code DN-X and Gordon flew it on 11 May 1945, 6 and 19 June 1945, recorded in his log book.
RCAF Batman LAC Grieve, [left] on right is “Jules” the No. 416 Flemish civilian Batman,
who received a ride in the German aircraft Bucker Bü 181 courtesy of pilot “Pic” Picard.
The third captured German aircraft, a Bf 108, was taken by the C.O.
It became the new squadron ‘pet’ as this Messerschmitt Bf 108, was flown by all the squadron pilots, who loved her soft leather seats. F/O Hill flew it one time on 15 May 1945, with F/L Parry, F/L Commerford, and the C.O. S/L Mitchner as passengers. Marked with 127 Wing and the initials of 416 Squadron C.O. S/L J.D. Mitchner used it to fly around bases in Europe and even to England for meetings.
On 30 May 45, F/O Chuck Darrow was flying too low in one of the Bü 181s and hit wires, taking off the tail and made a crash landing. His punishment was one-week Duty Pilot and one-week of Orderly Officer. The second aircraft had her engine destroyed by using 150 octane aviation fuel from the squadron Spitfires.
F/O Gordon Cameron, S/L Jack Mitchner, F/O Picard, and Dove, with war trophies.
Trap-shooting was used to keep fighter pilots eye-sight keen, and for pleasure.
F/L Walter Norman Douglas J2933, age 24, from Halleybury, Ontario, was accidently shot and killed by a shotgun blast. He is buried in the Becklingen War Cemetery at Soltau, Germany. F/O Gordon Hill witnessed this accidental shooting and was confined to barracks until the enquiry was completed. The official statements follow.
Now that the hostilities in Europe have ended, No. 416 is one of four RCAF day fighter units selected to remain in Germany under the British Air Forces of Occupation. They fly to Base 152, Fassberg on 2 July 1945, now under command of No. 83 [Composite] Group, No. 126 [RCAF] Wing.
End of Part Six
Next chapter: Postwar Germany
Spitfire Mk. XIV E, October 45, B.174 Utersen, Germany
The Making of a WWII RCAF Spitfire Pilot
P/O Gordon Hill J37340
From 1 January 1945 to January 16, the squadron were operational for 44 sorties, 64 hours and 40 minutes. On 1 January F/L David William Armstrong Harling DFC, took off to attack 30 German fighters who were strafing the airfield, but was killed when he was shot down and crashed in Brussels, Spitfire SM304. Harling came from Westmount, Quebec, age 23 years, buried in the Brussels Town Cemetery, Belgium, on 3 January 1945, with most of squadron attending to pay their respects.
The weather throughout the end of the month was unfavorable and few operations were flown. In five armed recons several German transports were destroyed.
On 13 January, F/O William Frederick Bridgman failed to return from patrol, when his Spitfire SM279 was hit by flak. Bridgman came from London, Ontario, and is buried in the War Cemetery, Hotton, Luxembourg, Belgium.
P/O G.W. Haines and F/Sgt. McGregor were posted in as replacements for the two pilots killed in action.
This picture was taken at the end of December 44.
On the left is F/O M. R. “Mush” Sharun. On the wing is F/L D. W. Harling . Below is F/O W.F. Bridgman, then F/O W.D. “Wally” Hill and F/O Gordon “Gord” Hill, W/O L. J. “Lou”Jean, F/L W. R. “Webb” Harten, F/O J. Leyland and F/O R.W. “Tap” Tapley.
Colorised picture by Pierre Lagacé
On 1 January 1945, the Germans attacked all RCAF fighter units.
“Harpy” was code letter H, with black outline under nose, TB756. Next is the Spitfire of American F/L Steve Straub.
Seen above is a cold morning Spitfire start for “Sweet Sixteen” in late January 1945. F/O Gordon Hill flew 14 sorties in January, assigned seven different Spitfire fighters. SM466, [twice], SM404 [four times], SM248, SM389 [[twice], SM503 [three times], SM191, SM308, and his SM403.
On 1 March 1945, Lynx Squadron moved by road 55 miles north to Base 90 at Petit Brogel, Belgium. The squadron 17 Spitfire Mk. XVI aircraft were flown in the next day.
Adjutant F/O Rod J. Howe, in his tent office at B.90, Petit Brogel, Belgium.
P/O Larry E. Spurr arrives on 2 March 1945.
The weather was good for two weeks and they flew 190 operational sorties, totalling 240:40 hours. They did not encounter any enemy activity, and only P/O E.D. Downer made a successful crash landing when his engine gave out. S/L J. D. Mitchner, DFC, received the Dutch Bronze Cross by Dutch authorities.
Two of the French Connection, Roland Brouillard, an unidentified ground crew, and Louis Nault.
F/L L.L. Nault, F/O F.G. Picard, F/O J.J.M. Menard, and F/O R.C. Brouillard, were called the “French Connection.” by Gordon Hill. On 25 February 45, F/O Jacques “Jack” Menard had to force-land his Spitfire due to an engine failure, and became a P.O.W.
Spitfire Mk. XVI, DN-H, serial TB756, showing the clipped wing-tips.
Aerial view of B.90 Petit Brogel, Belgium
The airfield B.90 Petit Brogel, Belgium, 15 March 45.
Some of the ground crews, unsung heroes
Gordon Hill with Adjutant Howe
The squadron pilots are now living in three British Nissen Huts, a big change from the house in Brussels. Stu Hartley combs his hair.
An American battery fires at them, and then an American P-51 attacks them.
Two fighters lost to the Americans and none to the Germans. Trigger happy Americans again but no lives lost this time.
Arming a Spitfire in the rain and mud at B.90 Petit-Brogel, Belgium.
P/O Chuck Darrow and his German uniform
This 416 Squadron pilots photo was taken between 16-30 March 1945, showing 24 of 28 pilots. All of them were identified by Gordon Hill.
The squadron’s ground crew and personnel, photo taken at B.90 Petit Brogel, Belgium, mid-March 1945.
1. F/O Chris Preston J44034, arrived 21 February 1945.
2. F/O Gordon Hill, [Gordie] arrived 2 October 1944.
3. F/O W.D. Hill J35989, [Wally] arrived 14 November 1944.
4. F/O K.J. Ken Williams J9261, arrived 26 December 1944.
5. F/O Jack Leyland J26993, arrived 18 October 1944, ex-421 Squadron.
6. F/O Keith F. Scott J21239, arrived 27 February 1945.
7. F/O S.H. Steve Straub, arrived early October 1944.
8. P/O Chuck Darrow, arrived early October 1944.
9. F/L Larry L. Spurr, arrived 23 August 1944.
10. F/O B.E. Parry [Bert] J14717, arrived 13 January 1945.
11. F/O C.W. Haines [Cliff] J49322, arrived 21 January 1945.
12. F/Sgt. N.M. McGregor [Mac] R193516, arrived 21 January 1945.
13. F/O L.P. Comerford [Len] arrived 4 October 1944, ex-403 Squadron.
14. F/L Neil G. Russell J8136, arrived 4 July 1944, ex-Malta, 2nd tour.
15. F/O W.I. Gordon [Rocky] J6718, arrived 27 February 1945, 2nd tour.
16. S/L J.D. Mitchener DFC, [Jake] J16799, assumed command November 1944, replacing S/L J.F. McKiroy, DFC, end of tour.
17. C.O. F/O G. A. Cameron [silent Joe] arrived 3 July 1944, ex-Malta, 2nd tour.
18. F/O Vernon W. Mullen [Moon] arrived 15 March 1945. Shot down by American P-51, 31 March 45.
19. F/O L.J.R. Jean [Lou] arrived 20 October 1944.
20. F/O S.A. Round [Sam] J42360 arrived 3 February 1945.
21. F/O W. L. McCallum [Mac] J37906, arrived 3 February 1945.
22. F/O Walter Norman Douglas. [killed on 14 May 1945, accident, shotgun blast to face].
23. F/O F.G.H. Picard [Pic] arrived 29 September 1944.
24. P/O W.G.D. Roddie [Bill] J86972, arrived 9 August 1944
25. Sgt. Brechnel, ground crew member.
A dummy German Ju 88 mock-up at B.90 Belgium 1945
The squadron pilots were up at 03:45, 24 March 45, and in the air at first daylight. The C-47s with airborne troops and paratroopers passed directly over the base to Germany, crossing the Rhine.
Crossing the Rhine
Returning to England
Trap-shooting at B.90
P/O Chuck Darrow taking bath.
31 March 1945, the new home at B.78 Eindhoven, Holland.
Batman LAC Wally Grieve
The RCAF Squadron Jeep
Fueling a Spit from “Jerry” cans
Jules, our Flemish Batman
Ken Williams and Webb Harten
Group of pilots. Pilot [second from the left] “Webb” John Edmund Harten.
John Edmund Harten, age 24, was killed in Spitfire RR256, 19 April 1945, hit by German flak and crashed in flames Wilster, Germany.
End of Part Five
Next time, The move into Germany
Intermission Eight – RCAF 416 Squadron Blog
This is the first post on this blog.
It’s all about a research done by Clarence Simonsen who met a Spitfire pilot. Gordon McKenzie Hill was a Spitfire pilot with RCAF 416 Squadron during World War Two. He has so much information and so many photographs it is impossible to post all of it on Preserving the Past which is where Clarence Simonsen publishes his research.
The story of Gordon Hill is on Preserving the Past if you want to read it.
This is a short early history of No. 416 Lynx Squadron Badge.
The second commanding officer arrived on 9 March 1942, Squadron Leader L.V. Chadburn, DFC, and remained C.O. until 7 January 1943.
Mat Cecil Ferguson was posted from Alliford Bay, B.C. to No. 416 in early March 1942, and was assigned airframe mechanic…
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