Update – Alexander “Patrick” Beaumont Anderson, Mosquito XXX, Air Navigator/Radar Operator No. 410 [Cougar] Squadron WWII

Update with a comment I received on January 31, 2020

Lovely to see the article about my dad. He did love to tell his stories about his wartime career and his passion for the Mosquito. I am glad someone wrote it down. Just to set the record straight, he worked in Washington for the British Embassy when he was 17.. He was sitting in a baseball game when Pearl Harbour was bombed and he recalled thinking it was strange that the loudspeaker kept calling out for high ranking officers to report for duty.

Lynn Anderson


ORIGINAL POST

Research by Clarence Simonsen

Alexander “Patrick” Beaumont Anderson, Mosquito XXX, Air Navigator/Radar Operator No. 410 [Cougar] Squadron WWII

Patrick A. B. Anderson was born in our Canadian Capital City of Ottawa, Ontario, on 31 March 1923. His father was a wealthy prominent senior official for the Bank of Nova Scotia, Hugh B. Anderson, whose family roots formed one of the most distinguished military families in all of Canada. Patrick was named after his uncle Lt. General William Alexander Beaumont Anderson OBE, CD. His second uncle Major General Thomas Victor Anderson, DSO, CD, was Chief of Staff of the Canadian Army 1938-1940, and led Canada into war. The third uncle Colonel A. A. Anderson, DSO, was second in command of the Royal Canadian Signals Training, Kingston, Ontario, during WWII. His grandfather was Colonel W.P. Anderson who had commanded the old 43rd Army Regiment, [Ottawa] Duke of Cornwall’s Own. Educated at Lisgar Collegiate Institute, his family influence led to his first job, working for the Canadian Government in New York City, N.Y.

When Patrick arrived in New York City, late 1941, [Canada was at war], while the American people remained a determinedly isolationist nation. When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, Patrick witnessed how the American Governments state of war denial was crushed and almost overnight a huge propaganda effort was launched to move the public in support of WWII. This massive propaganda drive involved every branch of the American media, including the animation cartoons of Walt Disney and the music of Glenn Miller. Patrick attended one of these public events and recorded a photo of the Glenn Miller concert held in support of Americans buying War Defense Bonds. His amazing photo records the very beginning of the wartime Glenn Miller era.

Twenty year old Patrick returned to Ottawa and joined the RCAF in the spring of 1943, becoming LAC Patrick Anderson #R188871. He was selected for Air Navigator and began training at No. 1 Air Observer School, Malton, Ontario, 26 July 1943. He graduated on 10 December 1943 with an average of 72%. Next stop was overseas, No. 62 O.T.U. [Operational Training Unit] RAF Ouston, Radio Course, [used to train radar operators, which was top secret] 4 April 1944 until 9 May 1944. He then attended #46 Course at No. 54 O.T.U. Charterhall, near Greenlaw, Berwickshire, Scotland, Operational Training Unit for Mosquito Night Fighters, 27 June to 20 September 1944. No. 51 O.T.U. at RAF Cranfield, [Night-fighter training] 25 Sept. to 28 Sept. 44 and then back to No. 54 O.T.U. at Charterhall for Mosquito night fighter conversion course, 6 Oct. to 12 Oct. 1944.

On 27 October 1944, he was posted to No. 410 Cougar squadron of the RCAF at Amiens/Glisy, France, [22 September to 2 November 44.] The squadron then moved to Lille/Vendeville, France, 3 November 1944 to 6 January 1945, where he began flying night operations.

On 1 August 1944, No. 410 Cougar Sqn. began to fly the new Mosquito [night-fighter] Mk. XXX aircraft, which had a very distinctive up-turned plywood nose. The Mosquito XXX was equipped with the most modern [secret] American built AI [Airborne Interception] radar system. The complete nose of the Mosquito had to be rebuilt to allow the new parabolic rotating radar, power unit and cable to fit. It soon became a Canadian night killing machine, feared by the Germans.

Pat Anderson first flew as navigator and radar operator with pilot F/L James Watt Fullerton J18771, in Mosquito Mk. XXX, serial MM744. This night-fighter carried door art of the “Pugnacious Pup” first appeared in an issue of December 1944 Saturday Evening Post.

The Mosquito Mk. XXX up-turned radar nose

C.A. Simonsen creation donated to Richard de Boer [President] of the Calgary Mosquito Society in 2010, to help raise funds for saving the Calgary Mosquito. Painted on Original WWII Avro Anson wood from Nanton Museum restoration.

F/L Jim Fullerton and his Mosquito Mk. XXX door art. Pat Anderson collection

F/L Jim Fullerton Mosquito door art was painted by LAC Don Jarvis of Vancouver, B.C. The idea originated from the December 1944 issue of “The Saturday Evening Post”, created for the American 355th Fighter Squadron, who were flying from Rosieres-en-Haye, France in December 1944. The insignia was used during WWII and never approved. [Unofficial]

The official 355th F. Sqn. insignia was not approved until 25 June 1957.

The Pat Anderson photo album also records the pilot he flew most operations with, F/L Stan King from Markdale, Ontario.

F/L Stan King and ground crew at Glisy, France, 1945 Mosquito Mk. XXX code “W”. Pat stated this was normally flown by F/L Bob Bayliss. The impressive Black Cougar Mosquito door art was painted by Don Jarvis from Vancouver.

The RCAF Black Cougar Mosquito ‘door art’ idea came from another Saturday Evening Post magazine ad for an American Army tank destroyer unit.

Pat also flew with Stan King in Mosquito Mk. XXX, serial NT275, with door art from a Canadian car tire ad, named “The Lil Bear Behind.”

Pat Anderson photo

F/L Stan King and the port side nose art name “LiL Bear Behind” on Mosquito XXX, code RA-K, serial NT275. [Pat Anderson]

The collection of Pat also contained a most detailed complete history [104 pages] of wartime No. 410 squadron with drawings, possibly done by Don Jarvis squadron artist. When Pat arrived with Cougar squadron [28 October 1944] the top scoring Mosquito-Night-Fighter team consisted of an American pilot and his Canadian navigator, Pilot [left] F/L C.E. Edinger J10272, DFC, and his navigator F/O C.L. Vaesson, DFC.

The team of F/L Edinger and F/O Vaessen flew most of the squadron Mosquito Mk. XXX, aircraft [serial MM456, MM743, MM760, MV527, and MM744] and many of these combat reports are also in the Anderson collection. Beginning 1 August 1944, the Mosquito XXX, was flown by the Cougars on 1,181 sorties, 29 enemy aircraft were shot out of the night sky and 6 were downed by American pilot Edinger and his radar navigator. On 16/17 September they flew Mosquito Mk. XXX, serial MM743, the sister to MM774 which contained the door art of the American “Bulldog’ from Saturday Evening Post magazine. On this night they claimed one unidentified German aircraft destroyed, without a shot being fired. Just the fear of the new RCAF Mosquito XXX night-fighter caused the German night-fighter pilot to lose control and crash into the sea. This is the original combat report from Pat Anderson collection, one of six.

This came from the Anderson collection and Pat stated LAC Don Jarvis was the squadron mural and nose art artist. Don Jarvis was born in Vancouver, B.C. in 1923, and during his teenage years studied drawing and became an aspiring cartoon artist. He joined the RCAF, [1942?] and this issue of RCAF Wings Abroad shows he did a number of Air Force wall mural paintings during WWII. In the postwar years he returned to Vancouver and enrolled in the Vancouver School of Art and Design, graduating in 1948. His WWII art is probably lost and forgotten, however thanks to Pat Anderson three of his nose art images survive. I believe he drew the art work in the 1945 soft-cover No. 410 Cougar History book, and possibly even typed the complete history. He died in Sechelt, British Columbia in 2001.

Possibly the work of Don Jarvis – 1945?

This is why the Aero Space Museum of Calgary Mosquito was so important to Pat Anderson. Thirty-nine members of No. 410 [Cougar] Squadron were killed flying in the Mosquito during WWII.

 

After WWII, Pat Anderson graduated from Queens University with a degree in chemical engineering, and for the next twenty-three years worked for Shell Canada. A second career began in Winnipeg, as a representative for the Canadian Federation of Independent Business. Pat and wife Elizabeth retired in 1994 and settled in their new home at Valley Ridge Hts., Calgary, Alberta. Pat became a member of the Calgary Aero Space Museum and that is where I met him, which later led to six visits to his home for RCAF research. Pat was a soft spoken man, who liked to discuss his WWII days and processed a very strong opinion, which included strong feelings on the attempted [under-the-table] sale of the Calgary Mosquito to a millionaire in England. Patrick was very proud of his most distinguished Canadian military family background, and it upset him to accept the unbelievable fact that two senior postwar Air Force officers, who had worn the same uniform he did, master-minded the plan to get rid of the Calgary Mosquito. That upset him until the day he died, and if possible you would totally avoid these two ex-Air Force officers names.

As a veteran Mosquito crew member, he attended the meetings where shameful Calgary politicians, pilots, including these same two ex-Air Force officers, attempted to defend their unspeakable actions. Pat joined the fight, [and that’s what it was] becoming an active member the Calgary Mosquito Society, formed by Richard de Boer and did everything he could to save this vintage Mosquito aircraft, the likes of which he flew in during WWII. Pat passed away on 25 March 2013, and ask that donations be made in his memory to the Calgary Mosquito Society. A true RCAF veteran to the very end.

As I turned pages in his photo album [2009], another surprise group of photos jumped out of this book.

Who is this pilot standing with James Cagney? Pat replied – “Oh, that’s my deceased brother P/O Thomas Anderson, he was an instructor at RCAF Uplands and became the pilot double for Cagney in the filming of “Captains of the Clouds.” “James Cagney was in fact afraid to fly.”

Brother Thomas C. Anderson was also educated at Lisgar Collegiate Institute in Downtown Ottawa. He was on staff on the Bank of Nova Scotia in East Ottawa when Canada entered WWII. He joined the RCAF in 1940, and graduated from course #18 at Dunnville, Ontario, [No. 6 Service Flying Training School] on 21 March 1941, Sgt/Pilot Anderson was next posted to Trenton, Ontario. After he completed Flying Instructor School , he was promoted to Pilot/Officer #J4925 and posted to RCAF Uplands, No. 2 Service Flying Training School, near Ottawa.

This photo of P/O Thomas Anderson was taken in February 1942, in front of Harvard Mk. II, serial 2664. This aircraft was involved in a Category “C” accident on 5 May 1941, repaired, it received a new paint job and possibly appeared as the aircraft flown by Brian McLean [James Cagney].

These promo shots were possibly taken in Harvard #2664 at RCAF Uplands.

P/O Thomas C. Anderson, the man who flew for James Cagney in the film “Captains of the Clouds”, and his Harvard #2664. When I ask Patrick, if his distinguished Ottawa military family background had any connection to his brother being posted to RCAF Station Uplands and flying in the classic Warner Brothers film, he simply stated “possibly”? I’m positive Air Marshal W.A. Bishop, VC,CB,DSO,MC, DFC,ED, had connections with the Anderson family. This Harvard was placed into storage on 25 March 1943, sold by War Assets on 26 June 1947.

 

P/O Thomas Anderson was also a member of the RCAF baseball team that lost to the Warner Brothers team at the completion of the filming. The Ball game was played at Lansdowne Park in Ottawa.

Link to more information on RAF Chatterhall

https://aviationtrails.wordpress.com/choose-your-trail/trail-41-the-borders-of-scotland-and-england/


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Sergeant John Dana DUCHAK, R176475, RCAF Artist – Update

A reader sent me this…

In Memory of John Dana Duchak

1921 – 2012

ROCKLAND, MAINE – John D. Duchak, 91, died Tuesday, September 25, 2012, at Windward Gardens in Camden, Maine, following a period of declining health.
Born in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, July 10, 1921, he was the son of Mike and Mary Duchak. He was educated in Regina schools and from an early age, played hockey and lacrosse.
He later attended Martin School of Art in London, England and Warrington School of Art in Manchester, England.
Throughout World War II, Mr. Duchak served overseas with the Royal Canadian Air Force as a cartoonist. He was mentioned in several dispatches and was ultimately awarded the Oak Leaf by the late King George V of England.
Returning from military duty, he appeared in several movies with Tom Tryon and Steve McQueen.
On August 17, 1947, he married Lois A. Ross in Regina, Saskatchewan.
The couple made their home in North Reading, Massachusetts where they raised their family.
Throughout his career, Mr. Duchak worked as an advertising artist with W.T. Grant & Company,
S.S. Kresge Company, and F.W. Woolworth & Company. During that same period, he served as cartoonist for the Boston Bruins Hockey team and illustrated the book “Hockey Tip-Ins”, written by longtime Bruins Captain, Ferny Flaman.
In 1990, Mr. Duchak moved with his wife to Rockland, Maine, where until last year they enjoyed their quaint harbor side cottage. Since moving to Rockland, Mr. Duchak was pleased to express his artistic gift by painting windows on Main Street, announcing the Lobster Festival, Blues Festival and Maine Boats, Homes and Harbors Show. While providing that service, he made and enjoyed many friendships with Rockland merchants and residents.
For the past year, Mr. Duchak resided at Windward Gardens in Camden.
Besides his beloved wife Lois, now of North Reading, MA, Mr. Duchak is survived by three sons, Dana C. Duchak and his companion Rochelle Pauletti of Lynnfield, MA, Kevin W. Duchak and his wife Pamela of Jupiter, FL, Brian V. Duchak and his wife Linda of North Reading, MA; two daughters, Sharon M. Duchak of Manchester, NH, Patricia L. Duchak of Glendale, AZ; six grandchildren; four great-grandchildren; as well as several nieces and nephews.
A celebration of Mr. Duchak’s life will be held at 4:00 p.m., Wednesday, October 3, 2012, at Burpee, Carpenter & Hutchins Funeral Home, 110 Limerock Street, Rockland, where friends are invited to visit with the Duchak family following the service, until 6:00 p.m.
Those who wish may make memorial contributions in Mr. Duchak’s memory to the Bob Gagnon Cancer Care Fund, C/O PenBay Healthcare, 22 White Street, Rockland, ME 04841.
To share a memory or story with Mr. Duchak’s family, please visit his online Book of Memories at http://www.bchfh.com


Original post

Research by Clarence Simonsen


John “Napper” Dana Duchak was born in Regina, Saskatchewan, 10 July 1921, the son of Mike and Mary Duchak. John was educated in the Regina school system and enjoyed playing hockey and lacrosse. He was a self taught artist, born with a talent to paint, draw, and cartoons became his major creative ability, which formed a secret part of his official RCAF art work overseas 1943-45.

John was first employed in Regina as a commercial artist in 1941 and early 1942. On 24 July 1942, he arrived at No. 2 Manning Depot in Brandon, Manitoba, and enlisted in the Royal Canadian Air Force, he had just turned 21 years of age. At this point, it appears fate stepped in and directed him to his love of drawing cartoons.

In early 1942, manning depots had taken over all RCAF aircrew selection programs, and it was in these large reception centres where all new RCAF recruits were funnelled and in the process changed from a civilian to an airman. Each new recruit appeared before an aircrew selection board of at least two officers, and they examined his medical reports, personal history file, and scores obtained on the Classification Test, and aptitude testing. These officers decided if the candidate had good pilot potential or if he should be assigned another aircrew category or ground trade. The candidate had no choice other than to accept the board’s decision. In January 1942, there were five manning depots in Canada, No. 1 in Toronto, Ontario, No. 2 in Brandon, Manitoba, No. 3 Edmonton, Alberta, No. 4 in Quebec, and No. 5 in Montreal, Quebec. Most of the recruits were sent to Edmonton, Brandon, and Toronto, the last of which had accommodation for five thousand men.

No. 2 RCAF Manning Depot, was formed at Brandon, Manitoba, on 29 April 1940, and the staff strength in July 1942 was 35 officers and 280 other ranks. They processed an average of 1,300 recruits per month, under Commanding Officer Wing Commander H. G. Reid. The manning depot also published a high quality monthly magazine titled “The Airman’s Post” which featured a large amount of cartoons and a sexy pin-up lady created by their artist AC2 P. Kuch.

Source Internet
http://www.airmuseum.ca/reprints/brandon41/

Artist Kuch was being posted to No. 2 Initial Training School at Regina, Sask., and they needed a new artist for their publication.
When the selection board finished with John Duchak, he was selected for aircrew training but he would first be posted to No. 2 Manning Depot, [29 August 1942] where he would replace out going artist P. Kuch.

The October 1942 issue of “The Airman’s Post featured the last work of artist AC2 P. Kuch and the first drawings from AC2 John Duchak, RCAF.

The first cartoon by John Duchak depicts ex-artist Kuch leaving for the Initial Training School and artist Duchak arriving at Brandon, No. 2 Manning Depot.

The signature trademark of RCAF artist AC2 John “Napper” Dana Duchak [R176475] No. 2 Manning Depot magazine [The Airman’s Post] October 1942.

AC2 Duchak cartoons at No. 2 Manning Depot, September – October 1942

The next part of John Duchak’s RCAF training is a bit of a mystery, as his Ottawa records do not show him posted to any Initial Training School or Elementary Flying Training School. If he was selected for pilot training, he would spend four weeks at an initial training school, followed by ten weeks of elementary flying training where the pilot candidates came face to face with their first aircraft and the RCAF instructor who will teach them how to fly it. John was posted to No. 2 Manning Depot on 29 August 1942 and then directly to No. 12 SFTS on 6 November 1942, both located at Brandon, Manitoba.

On 6 November 1942, AC2 John Duchak proceeded to No. 12 S.F.T.S. at Brandon, Manitoba, and joined Course #67 in training. The Daily Diary records on 1 December 1942, Course #67 pupils were interviewed in regards to their unsatisfactory progress and a number failed the course. They received their wings on 18 February 43, and cleared the station the following day. It would appear John Duchak failed this course, was reassigned, and posted to No. 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at Macdonald, Manitoba, on 21 February 1943.

On 22 February 1943, Course #51 commenced at No. 3 B and G School with 90 trainees. On 5 April 1943, AC2 Duchak was promoted to LAC, and graduated on 14 May 43. His Gunnery Wings were presented by C.O. Group Capt. R.F. Gibb, AFC, with graduation of 63, 43 being RCAF who were posted to No. 1 “Y” Depot at Halifax, Nova Scotia. LAC Duchak was promoted to Sergeant on graduation and arrived at Halifax on 19 May 1943. On 17 June 43, Draft No.73, with 80 officers and 167 sergeants departed Halifax at 16:00 hrs. He arrived in the U.K. on 24 June 43, and was assigned to No. 23 Operational Training Unit, where he repeatedly suffered airsickness and failed his operational training.

The next step in Duchak’s air force career involves the very creation of No. 6 [RCAF] Group and the Headquarters’ know as “Castle Dismal.” Canada’s indigenous bombing group began operations at one minute after midnight on the first day of 1943. The planning and creation of No. 6 Group on paper had began in August 1942, and this clearly showed the RCAF was short on officers and required a number of RAF officers to be posted [loaned] to the new Canadian group. This mix caused a number of serious problems and a lot of training was required before the Canadians would be an effective force on bombing operations. Air Vice-Marshall George E. Brookes, A.O.C. of No. 1 Training Command, was selected to provide a diplomatic bridge between the RAF senior officers and the new Canadian airmen. In September 1942, Brookes first task was the selection of a new permanent site for the Canadian Headquarters of No. 6 [RCAF] Group. He found a rambling old seventy-five room Victorian style castle at Allerton Park near Knaresborough and this was taken over by the RCAF. The property was owned by forty-seven-year-old Lord Mowbray, and he showed no patriotism or love for the Canadians, and complained vociferously about the war, the RCAF, and the alterations being done to his rundown castle. The new RCAF officers soon found Brookes to have a few shortcomings, lack of command experience, a very fussy man, inclined to dwell on trivial British matters, and concentrated excessively on the renovations to his new castle. To the majority of RCAF airmen, Allerton Park, [Allerton Hall] became known during its Canadian tenancy as “Castle Dismal.” This is where all bombing operations were planned for No. 6 [RCAF] Group beginning on 1 January 1943.

On 5 January 1943, No. 6 [RCAF] Group H.Q. Allerton Park was officially changed to read – “Allerton Hall.” The new Headquarters’ for the Dominion “HOME” Stations of the Royal Air Force in England.

On 28 June 1943, orders were received that initiated the collection and publication of historical records from No. 6 [RCAF] Group, which were titled “Summary of Activities. At first these typed sheets of ‘secret’ information was very simple and contained no art work or cartoons. Unknown to Sgt. John Ducahk, these reports would form a major part of his future RCAF wartime career.

On 22 November 1943, [after failing his Bombing and Gunnery course] Sgt. John Dana Duchak was posted to R.C.A.F. Overseas Headquarters, known as RCAF Overseas. Formed on 1 January 1940, it was based in London, [20 Lincoln’s Inn Fields] where it provided a central location for personnel records and general RCAF administration. By 1943, the administration had top authority over the movement of Canadian RCAF personnel in England, working closely with RCAF H.Q. at Allerton Hall. It is not clear why Sgt. Duchak was posted to RCAF Overseas, but this was possibly due to his artistic talents. He was also possibly involved in the forming of No. 19 Dental Company, as he completed at least three newsletter covers for this new unit in early February-March-April 1944.

The RCAF Overseas official badge was an eagle in flight over a blue disk [sky] and in its claws it carried a sprig of branch from a Canadian Maple tree. Six Maple Leafs show in the design. Il was approved by King George VI, in June 1944.

In 1938, the Canadian Dental Association lobbied the Minister of National Defence to create an independent dental service for use by the Canadian Army, Navy, and Air Force. By 1939, the Canadian Army Dental Corps was replaced by the Canadian Dental Corps, which provided diet and oral dental standards for servicemen and servicewomen around the world. In December 1942, No. 18 Base [Dental] Company, RCAF, was formed at London, England, under command of Major L. L. Kent, from Lachine, Quebec. In charge of the Canadian Dental Corps of the RCAF in England, was Lt. Col. E. M. Wansbrought, M. M., E.D., from Shelburne, Ontario. As more Canadian graduates of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan reached Britain, the demands for the Dental Corps were increased and the expansion from a single Base Company to two Base Companies was announced in February 1943. No. 19 [Dental] Company, was formed at RCAF Station Leeming in March 1943. By October 1943, dental work done for the RCAF in England, involved 11 mobile clinics, which attended bomber and fighter bases, plus No. 18 Base in London and No. 19 Base [Company] at Leeming. In October 1943, 7,600 patients received treatment totalling 13,000 operations by forty-three dental officers and more than 100 dental assistants. On 22 November 1943, Sgt. Duchak possibly joined this select group of dental technicians and assistants which were staffed by a large number of female members of the RCAF’s Women’s Division. No. 19 Dental Company left Station Leeming and moved to No. 6 [RCAF] Group H.Q. on 15 December 1943. The artistic talents of Sgt. Duchak were soon discovered by senior RCAF officers and on 21 December 1943, he was officially posted to No. 6 [RCAF] Group H.Q. at Allerton Hall on “General Duties.”

This was the first “Bombing Digest” cover with art drawn title, possibly created by Sgt. Duchak, late November 1943. He had just been posted to RCAF Overseas Headquarters on 22 November 1943.

Cover art by Duchak for the 24 February 1944 issue of the No. 19 Company, Canadian Dental Corps Newsletter. This is making fun of the No. 19 Company O. C. Major R.A. Gilbert, from St. Thomas, Ontario. You must keep in mind No. 19 Company did dental work on the most senior officers at “Castle Dismal” Allerton Hall, and it was made up of 45 dental assistants from the RCAF Women’s Division. Thus, this cartoon cover art featured some form of sexual humor directed at their Commanding Officer.

In March 1944, O.C. [Officer Commanding] of No. 19 Company Canadian Dental Corps, Major R.A. Gilbert was promoted to Lt. Colonel and artist Duchak gave his congratulations with a special cover art. Sgt. Duchak was now on charge No. 6 [RCAF] Group, [Ground] at Allerton Hall, as their official artist, however it appears he had close connections to the newly formed No. 19 Company Dental Corps, the connection is unknown.

Sgt. Duchak was officially posted to No. 6 [RCAF] Group H.Q., as an artist on 25 January 1944. In February 44, he became the N.C.O. placed in charge of a new formed art section, with three draftsman working under him. His first cover art for operational duties “Summary of Encounters” appeared March 1944, followed by 28 more covers which I have in my collection. It is possible he created more than the 29 known RCAF covers, which were classified secret, resulting in most being destroyed.

The No. 6 [RCAF] Group, H.Q. monthly “Summary of Activities” publications officially began in 28 July 1943. These early editions were small, containing 10 to 12 pages of typed secret information and no artwork. Each month the pages of information increased, April 1944, had 21 pages, May 1944, contained 26 pages, and the June 1944, increased to 28 pages. This information was classified “secret”, printed in limited copies and distributed to 54 units of the RCAF in Bomber Command located in Yorkshire, England. Each month a new summary publication arrived and the old copies were ordered to be destroyed by RCAF Headquarters.

In May 1944, Sgt. Duchak was granted permission to create small black and white drawings to add to the Summary of Activities publication, and he created hundreds of cartoons for the title pages. A few samples are shown, but each month he created ten to twenty new images for the RCAF Summary of Activities, plus full page cartoons. Some images were later repainted in color and survive today.

This header with cartoon art first appeared in the June 1944 issue.

 

These small header cartoon captions reveal the true ability and originally of Sgt. Duchak. The title for the RCAF ground crew making aircraft repairs soon became their unofficial motto – “U Bend Em – We Mend Em.”

It has been well documented by famous historians and official RCAF publications, that the forming of No. 6 [RCAF] Group involved hidden private fighting with hostile words. In short, the British RAF High Command did not want the formation of No. 6 RCAF Group. The R.A.F. chiefs wanted the Canadians to remain under British control in the existing RAF groups. This became a political nightmare for both the Canadian Liberal Government in Ottawa, and the British Government under Churchill. In the end the Canadians won, for the simple reason it was politically desirable to form the new ‘all-Canadian’ Group.

Even Sir Arthur T. Harris, the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief R.A.F. Bomber Command, had little respect for the RCAF’s Air Officer Commanding 6 Group, Air Vice-Marshal G. E. Brookes, who he nicknamed “Babbling Brook.” Harris was equally critical of the Canadian 6 Group Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief overseas, Air Marshal “Gus” Edwards, who he described as unsuitable for any Command.

When No. 6 [RCAF] Group demanded to be equipped with new Lancaster aircraft, “Bomber” Harris drew a line, which is still disputed by historians today. From the National Bestseller – “Reap the Whirlwind” published in 1991, page 15. In September 1942, Harris wrote to Portal – “I fail to see why we should give these people, [Canadians] who are determined to huddle into a corner by themselves on purely political grounds, the best equipment [Lancaster aircraft] at the expense of British and other Dominion crews.”

Harris was true to his word, and for the majority of No. 6 [RCAF] Group aircrew, the Halifax bomber became their dominant aircraft, which they flew through the toughest days, and costliest period of World War Two.

Even finding a new headquarters for the Canadians proved to be a British political struggle, as Lord Mowbray put up many obstructions for the RCAF taking over his enormous castle estate of two thousand acres. The main building [Allerton Castle] was located four miles east of Knaresborough, at Allerton Mauleverer, some ten miles east of Harrogate, England.

Post Card image of Allerton Park

In the early months of 1943, No. 6 [RCAF] Group regularly recorded the highest casualties in RAF Bomber Command, and the worst early return to base rates of all squadrons. It took time and combat experience for the RCAF to mature and form a true team spirit from a new ‘independent Canada.’ All members of No. 6 [RCAF] Group knew they were the first non-British formation of this size to ever become part of R.A.F. Bomber Command, but they needed a symbol to pull them together as one. I believe this impressive winged 6 with bomb symbol, became their ‘own’ new RCAF identity.

In March 1944, Sgt. Duchak created his first black and white cover for the Summary of Activities and this became his unofficial insignia for No. 6 [RCAF] Group, appearing in a number of different designs. It appears to me, this 1944 cover art was a very fast sketch done by the artist, possibly just an idea forming in his head. He improved on his original design in the May and July cover issues and this slowly became the ‘unofficial’ insignia for No. 6 [RCAF] Group, H.Q. in England.

At the same time, he created a yellow six with grey bomb inside, imposed over a red Maple Leaf, which began to appear in cover art as well as his full page cartoons. I believe this impressive symbol became the missing link the RCAF aircrew in England needed, to show they were an independent Canadian bomber force. This also became the trademark for the artist, appearing below most of his drawings, maps, charts, and cartoons, created in his art room at Castle Dismal, Allerton Hall, from June 1944 to May 1945.

This black and white image appeared on hundreds of drawings, all classified as “Secret.”

By July 1944, the Summary of Activities cover became very detailed artwork, which I believe Duchak took pride in creating.

In the same month, [July 1944] this impressive symbol [A Red Maple Leaf superimposed over a White Rose of York] had slowly become the “unofficial’’ insignia for all members of No. 6 [RCAF] Group, manufactured by Crest Craft in Saskatoon, Canada, and worn in England with pride as a cloth badge [left] and also as a British made ‘sweetheart’ pin.

A new design appeared on the RCAF Education cover page in January 1945

His final “Victory Number” cover design in April 1945

No. 6 [RCAF] Group was transferred from England to RCAF Eastern Air Command, Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 14 July 1945, and began to organize and train for RAF “Tiger Force.” The atomic bombing of Hiroshima [6 August 45] and Nagasaki [9 August 45] resulted in the Japanese acceptance of the Allied terms of surrender, officially signed 2 September 45. No. 6 [RCAF] Group was disbanded on 1 September 1945, and now became Canadian aviation history.

On 19 April 1943, No. 405 Squadron became part of No. 8 Pathfinder Group at Gransden Hodge, Beds., and they were honoured by Sgt. Duchak in June 1944, issue of Summary of Activities.

Sgt. Duchak created full page drawings for special events and cartoon poster art. The Royal visit in August 1944, with his trademark 6 Group bomb, Maple Leaf design.

Sgt. Duchak could turn a special message into an art poster.

Full page cartoon art with a warning, and a depressed Luftwaffe vulture image which appeared in many cartoons.

August 1944 issue, which contained 18 pages of cartoon art just like this one.

Special art created for “Sea Mining” August 1944

1 January 1944, the 2nd Anniversary of No. 6 [RCAF] Group in England.

This American 8th Air Force [B-17 tail] and 6 RCAF Group [Halifax] nose art cartoon appeared full page in August 1944. Note – Canadian Beaver as nose art.

“Fishpond” was the codename given to a British H2S airborne tail warning radar, which was suppose to detect enemy aircraft and German night fighters from belly attacks on bomber aircraft. Its radar signal was unknowingly attracting German night fighters to the very Allied bombers, it was designed to protect. The cat and mouse game was captured in this cartoon.

RCAF ground crew humour directed at their Officers

Sgt. Duchak began to use his yellow six, grey bomb, over a red Maple Leaf as his trademark. He also created a cartoon featuring German pilot Otto and his son Otto Jr. Note – the RCAF aircrew giving a hair cut – “Short Cut.”

A caution for RCAF bomber aircrew to watch for the new German jets

The creation of bomb charts became a monthly report in the Summary of Activities. These were drawn by the three draftsman who worked under Sgt. Duchak, and were all classified “Secret.”

No. 6 [RCAF] Group map by draftsmen J. W. Kressler who worked under Sgt. Duchak and created many maps and charts, which appeared in Monthly Summary of Activities.
Sgt. Duchak and his three artists were all cleared to “Top Secret” as they were reading secret classified RCAF bomber material on a daily basis. The monthly Summary of Activities was first read by senior officers in No. 6 [RCAF] Group Headquarters, then passed on to senior officers in RCAF squadrons. This also contained special drawn maps of each bomber raid into Germany and the position of each aircraft in the bomber stream, called “Gaggle Formation.”

The Allerton Hall RCAF switchboard was a very busy place in 1944-45. It was staffed by RCAF Airwomen [W.D.] and 444 were on strength in September 1944. The total strength of all ranks operating at Allerton Hall in 1944, was 718. They included 149 RCAF Officers, 20 RAF Officers, 249 RCAF other ranks, and 261 RCAF [W.D.] other ranks, with 20 assorted RAF other ranks and one Canadian Army officer. The W.D. RCAF switchboard became the main line of communication, captured in this July 1944, cartoon by Sgt. Duchak.

The first A.O.C. of No. 6 [RCAF] Group, Air Vice-Marshal George Brookes gave no priority to obtaining decorations for the Canadians under his bomber command. That all changed on 29 February 1944, when Air Vice-Marshal Clifford Mackay McEwen, known as “Black Mike”, took over command. He ordered RCAF base commanders to increase the number of award submissions, and this had a desired effect on morale and performance. This is reflected in the Duchak cartoon – “Black Mike’s” Boys.

The No. 17 cover art for “Bombing Digest” in October 1944

Hitler and his V-1 rocket charge off a cliff in France, and the depressed vulture “Luftwaffe” waits for the crash.

 

The cover art for December 1944 “Gunnery Encounters” would appear inside the same edition, under Squadron training.

The new bomber ‘baby’ for January 1945

By March 1945, at least 102 copies of Monthly Summary of Activities were being printed, bound in booklet form and delivered to appointed units, above. These booklets contained all secret classified No. 6 RCAF Group information with a large number of Sgt. Duchak cartoons, charts, and bomber stream attacks of Germany. Beginning January 1945, special instructions were received and ordered drawn on the front cover art by Sgt. Duchak.

The last offensive operation by No. 6 [RCAF] Group was an attack on two coastal batteries on Wangerooge Island, on the eastern end of the Frisian island chain. The date was 25 April 1945, and the Canadian Group sent 192 bombers of 482 that hit the target. Six bombers would be lost due to tragic pilot error, as one bomber lost control when it hit the slipstream of another, lurched into a third, and in seconds six bombers were lost. Four of the aircraft were from No. 6 Group and all twenty-eight Canadian occupants were killed. This map of the attack was drawn by draftsman J. W. Kressler on 4 May 45, the last gaggle formation completed at Allerton Hall.

The War in Europe was over and the Canadian bombers were coming home.

A cover by draftsman J.W. Kressler, end of April 1945

Special technical “Secret” detailed drawings were also created at Allerton Hall and published in the Summary of Activities, plus printed as poster size training aids for the RCAF squadrons involved. This was drawn by an RCAF artist named Davies, who worked under Sgt. Duchak.

Sgt. Duchak and his staff also produced hundreds of RCAF charts which appeared monthly in the Summary of Activities booklet. GEE was a British radio aid using three ground transmitting stations. H2S was an airborne ground-mapping radar aid to navigation and target identification.

It was time to return to Canada, where No. 6 [RCAF] Group would join the Americans in bombing Japan. This Canadian navigator is taking his RCAF files, and Allerton Hall is seen in the background.

This is the April 1945 [last] cover art created by Sgt. Duchak, with the RAF [left] and RCAF [right] flags flying from the “unofficial” badge of No. 6 [RCAF] Group, Yorkshire, England. This was created by Sgt. Duchak with the Canadian Maple Leaf superimposed over a white rose of York. This clever design symbolized the close association the Canadian Bomber crews had with the people of Yorkshire, from 25 October 1942 until 14 July 1945. This badge would now move to Halifax, Nova Scotia, and join the Americans to bomb the Japanese in the invasion of Japan.
On 25 October 1946, King George VI, gave authority to the official badge of No. 6 [RCAF] Group, Headquarters, with the motto – Sollertia et ingenium, [Initiative and Skill].

It’s amazing how close this official RCAF Headquarters badge is to the ‘unofficial’ badge created by Sgt. Duchak in 1944. This official badge was never used at Allerton Hall, [closed 14 July 45] in fact, No. 6 Group was disbanded at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, on 1 September 1945. I’m not sure why this badge was even created, possibly ordered for official use by No. 6 [RCAF] Group as part of the upcoming bombing campaign against Japan in Tiger Force. Then the war suddenly ended and the badge was placed in files and forgotten, along with the art of Sgt. Duchak. Today some modern internet historians record this badge as the one used at Allerton Hall during WWII. That is wrong, and I hope this error can be corrected by my story on the man who created both No 6 Group unofficial badges.

These are the secret organization orders dated 20 July 1945, which officially transferred [advance H.Q.] No. 6 [RCAF] Group from Allerton Hall, Yorkshire, to the new headquarters at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, 14 July 1945. They will now reorganize and train for the Pacific bombing campaign against Japan, as part of RAF “Tiger Force.”
Lost in all this official RCAF history, is the simple fact the “unofficial” No. 6 [RCAF] Group badge created by Sgt. Duchak at Allerton Hall, now served with pride in Canada, until 1 September 1945. [Six Weeks]

In November 1944, Sgt. Duchak featured his Allerton Hall Christmas Card on the cover for the Summary of Activities. He also created the table menu art work for the 1944 Christmas dinner at the castle.

The formation of No. 6 [RCAF] Group “Advanced Headquarters” took effect on 14 July 1945, at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. On 1 October 1945, the official “Handing Over” of Allerton Hall appeared in the Operations Record Book. The total strength at Allerton Hall Headquarters on 30 October 45, was 97. Made up of the following:

RCAF Officers 16
RAF Officers 1

RCAF [WD] Officers 5
RAF WAAF Officers 1

RCAF other Ranks 67
RAF other Ranks 6

RAF WAAF other Ranks 1

Disbandment of No. 6 [RCAF] Group, H.Q. [rear party] at Allerton Hall came into effect 1 November 1945.
Sgt. Duchak was posted to “R” Depot at Torquay, Devon. on 11 July 1945 [RCAF rear party] and attended Martin School of Art in London, and Warrington School of Art in Manchester, England, on what was recorded as “Temporary Duty in York.” He was repatriated to Canada on 18 February 1946, and released from the RCAF at Winnipeg, Manitoba, 15 April 1946. On 17 August 1947, he married Lois A. Ross in Regina, Saskatchewan, and moved to North Reading, Massachusetts, where they raised their family.
He appeared in several movies with Tom Tryon and Steve McQueen. John became an advertising artist with W.T. Grant and Company, S. S. Kresge Company and the F.W. Woolworth Company. In 1952, he served as a cartoonist for the Boston Bruins Hockey Team and completed cartoons for the book “Hockey Tip-Ins” by former Bruins Captain Ferny Flaman. In 1990, John and wife moved to Rockland, Maine, where he continued to draw and paint windows on the main street advertising Lobster Festival, Blues Festival, Maine Boats, Homes, and Harbor Shows.
RCAF WWII cartoonist Sgt. John “Napper” Dana Duchak passed away Tuesday, 25 September 2012, at Windward Gardens in Camden, Maine.
Like his fellow RCAF nose artists in WWII, official RCAF cartoonist Sgt. Duchak and his hundreds of drawings and paintings have been lost and forgotten by his country of birth and the official history of the RCAF. I hope to change that for you “Sarge.”

24 July 1921 – 25 September 2012

In 1946, Allerton Castle was returned to Lord Mowbray, who is described as still being a very difficult and domineering person. By 1960, Lord Mowbray was involved in a messy marriage break-up which affected the complete family and details can be read on the internet. When Lord Mowbray passed on in 1965, no provision was left in his will for his wife and the bulk of his estate was left his eldest grandson, Edward Stourton, who was just 12 years of age. For the next 30 years, the family estate and Allerton Park Castle, was run by trustees, then it was sold to an American businessman, Dr. Gerald Rolph, in 1983. After a tragic fire in January 2005, the castle has been restored to a high standard, which only the British can do in period style. All the details and breath taking images can be viewed on line, and yes, you should all take a look, most of all Canadians. Dr. Gerald Rolph has saved Allerton Castle, a Victorian Gothic house with history going back to the Norman conquest, and possibly unknown to him, he has also saved a small part of RCAF WW II history for Canadians. Guided tours of the main floors are available for visitors, and if you should take the tour and see the shape of a man drawing cartoons, don’t worry. It is just the ghost of Sgt. Duchak, hard at work. Somewhere in Allerton Park [Castle] there is a room, where this Canadian created all of his RCAF WWII cartoons, maps, and other paintings in 1944-45. And, if you should have a few in a British public house, near Allerton Castle, tip a pint for Canadian “Napper” Duchak. I wish I could join you.

Photo from my friend Ken Cothliff [Aviation Historian, Author, and Display Commentator] and the MG Car Club who meet at Allerton Castle. The orange MG belongs to Ken.


Footnote

In 1999, the Greenwood Aviation Museum had in their collections, two original paintings by RCAF artist Sgt. John Duchak, and both were signed by the man in charge of RCAF Bomber Command, “Bomber” Harris. This would give them a little more value that an unsigned painting. On 17 March, I phoned the man in charge, [Mr. R.A. Johnson] and explained everything to him. In return he sent me his email and the attached message was sent.
To date, I have received no reply.

Mr. Johnson,

Next week my history of Sgt. John Duchak will appear on my Blog titled “Preserving the Past.” This research has been sent to Prof. Heather Hughes, International Bomber Command, and RAF Linton Museum [Wing Commander Al Mawby], in U.K.
In short, this is very important RCAF history that has been forgotten by Canada, and needs to be updated. During WWII, No. 6 [RCAF] Group never received any official badge or insignia, however Sgt. Duchak created both an ‘unofficial’ badge and insignia [March 1944] which was used at RCAF 6 Group H.Q. Allerton Castle [Hall] until 14 July 1945. On 15 July 1945, No. 6 [RCAF] Group was transferred from England to Halifax, Nova Scotia, and thus, this unofficial badge served in Canada until “Tiger Force” was disbanded on 1 September 1945. Greenwood, Nova Scotia, was part of the new formed Tiger Force and this badge also has a connection to your museum.

Can you please confirm, you still have the two original paintings by Sgt. Duchak, and if possible what they look like? I wish to use this in my history.

You are welcome to my complete history, if you wish?

Best regards – Clarence

Sergeant John Dana DUCHAK, R176475, RCAF Artist – Update

A reader sent me this…

In Memory of John Dana Duchak

1921 – 2012

ROCKLAND, MAINE – John D. Duchak, 91, died Tuesday, September 25, 2012, at Windward Gardens in Camden, Maine, following a period of declining health.
Born in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, July 10, 1921, he was the son of Mike and Mary Duchak. He was educated in Regina schools and from an early age, played hockey and lacrosse.
He later attended Martin School of Art in London, England and Warrington School of Art in Manchester, England.
Throughout World War II, Mr. Duchak served overseas with the Royal Canadian Air Force as a cartoonist. He was mentioned in several dispatches and was ultimately awarded the Oak Leaf by the late King George V of England.
Returning from military duty, he appeared in several movies with Tom Tryon and Steve McQueen.
On August 17, 1947, he married Lois A. Ross in Regina, Saskatchewan.
The couple made their home in North Reading, Massachusetts where they raised their family.
Throughout his career, Mr. Duchak worked as an advertising artist with W.T. Grant & Company,
S.S. Kresge Company, and F.W. Woolworth & Company. During that same period, he served as cartoonist for the Boston Bruins Hockey team and illustrated the book “Hockey Tip-Ins”, written by longtime Bruins Captain, Ferny Flaman.
In 1990, Mr. Duchak moved with his wife to Rockland, Maine, where until last year they enjoyed their quaint harbor side cottage. Since moving to Rockland, Mr. Duchak was pleased to express his artistic gift by painting windows on Main Street, announcing the Lobster Festival, Blues Festival and Maine Boats, Homes and Harbors Show. While providing that service, he made and enjoyed many friendships with Rockland merchants and residents.
For the past year, Mr. Duchak resided at Windward Gardens in Camden.
Besides his beloved wife Lois, now of North Reading, MA, Mr. Duchak is survived by three sons, Dana C. Duchak and his companion Rochelle Pauletti of Lynnfield, MA, Kevin W. Duchak and his wife Pamela of Jupiter, FL, Brian V. Duchak and his wife Linda of North Reading, MA; two daughters, Sharon M. Duchak of Manchester, NH, Patricia L. Duchak of Glendale, AZ; six grandchildren; four great-grandchildren; as well as several nieces and nephews.
A celebration of Mr. Duchak’s life will be held at 4:00 p.m., Wednesday, October 3, 2012, at Burpee, Carpenter & Hutchins Funeral Home, 110 Limerock Street, Rockland, where friends are invited to visit with the Duchak family following the service, until 6:00 p.m.
Those who wish may make memorial contributions in Mr. Duchak’s memory to the Bob Gagnon Cancer Care Fund, C/O PenBay Healthcare, 22 White Street, Rockland, ME 04841.
To share a memory or story with Mr. Duchak’s family, please visit his online Book of Memories at http://www.bchfh.com


Original post

Research by Clarence Simonsen

This is a draft version for now.

Sergeant John Dana DUCHAK

Excerpt

It has been well documented by famous historians and official RCAF publications, that the forming of No. 6 [RCAF] Group involved hidden private fighting with hostile words. In short, the British RAF High Command did not want the formation of No. 6 RCAF Group.  The R.A.F. chiefs wanted the Canadians to remain under British control in the existing RAF groups. This became a political nightmare for both the Canadian Liberal Government in Ottawa, and the British Government under Churchill. In the end the Canadians won, for the simple reason it was politically desirable to form the new ‘all-Canadian’ Group.

Even Sir Arthur T. Harris, the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief R.A.F. Bomber Command, had little respect for the RCAF’s Air Officer Commanding 6 Group, Air Vice-Marshal G. E. Brookes, who he nicknamed “Babbling Brook.” Harris was equally critical of the Canadian 6 Group Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief overseas, Air Marshal “Gus” Edwards, who he described as unsuitable for any Command.

When No. 6 [RCAF] Group demanded to be equipped with new Lancaster aircraft, “Bomber” Harris drew a line, which is still disputed by historians today. From the National Bestseller – “Reap the Whirlwind” published in 1991, page 15. In September 1942, Harris wrote to Portal

“I fail to see why we should give these people, [Canadians] who are determined to huddle into a corner by themselves on purely political grounds, the best equipment [Lancaster aircraft] at the expense of British and other Dominion crews.”

Harris was true to his word, and for the majority of No. 6 [RCAF] Group aircrew, the Halifax bomber became their dominant aircraft, which they flew through the toughest days, and costliest period of World War Two.

Even finding a new headquarters for the Canadians proved to be a British political struggle, as Lord Mowbray put up many obstructions for the RCAF taking over his enormous castle estate of two thousand acres. The main building [Allerton Castle] was located four miles east of Knaresborough, at Allerton Mauleverer, some ten miles east of Harrogate, England.

Contact form below

CANAV Books Special List

Larry Milberry sent me a message that he has just added around 150 new items at the beginning of the attached CANAV Books list of misc. items. Could be something of interest. Also, he has recently posted a new aviation item on his blog www.canavbooks.wordpress.com that covers the last airworthy Lockheed Jetstar, a plane that has a proud Canadian legacy.

Larry’s message…

Hi, readers and I hope that your 2020 goes well so far … here is CANAV’s Winter/Spring 2020 special list of books, journals and misc. collectables. Have a look and let me know if you see anything you’d like. See ordering info at the end. Cheers …

Larry Milberry

To reserve anything, email me at larry@canavbooks.com or phone (416) 698-7559 … For other news and updates see http://www.canavbooks.wordpress.com (Be sure to let me know any time you get tired of these lists.)

Quite Few Recent Additions, Just Wonderful Books!

[ ] Airy Somethings: The Extraordinary Life of the Aviation Pioneer Horatio Barber New book … Terry Grace and Maggie Wilson have thoroughly researched the life of this eccentric Englishman and his many interests. In his global travels in the late 1800s and early 1900s, Barber spent time in the Australia, USA and Canada too often getting into trouble with women and business ventures. In California he swindled investors in a ranching scheme; in Canada, his chief focus was hustling shares in northern mines. Back in the UK he spent years promoting pioneer aviation ventures, earned Royal Aero Club licence No.30, promoted airplane designs and sales, sold aviation insurance, and served in the RFC in WWI, supposedly even being in America for a time promoting what became the hugely successful RFC training plan. The book concludes with all Barber’s shady schemes in the 1920s-50s to his death in 1964. A fascinating, thorough, most interesting and important biography. 236 pages, large format, softcover, photos, diagrams throughout, bibliography, index. Very nice altogether! $37.00 A

[ ] Pair of Alitalia 6”x4” candy dishes c1970. One is “Rome”, one is “Milan”. Very nice items, great condition. Pair only $30.00 pp

[ ] Department of Vehicle Development Vehicle Trials Winter 1948-1949 Northwest Highway Final detailed 200-page, large format report re. Canadian Army cold weather vehicle trials in the Yukon. Such equipment as Chevy and Ford trucks, Ford ambulance, Ford anti-aircraft tractor, Mack 6 and 10 ton trucks. Very detailed stuff for a hardcore collector. Fair-to-good condition. $25.00 A

[ ] Austin Austin Airways: Canada’s Oldest Airline Milberry. If your interst is northern aviation, this lovely book is for you. The iconic Canadian airline from Waco to Beaver, Otter, DC-3, Canso, HS748. 300+ photos, map, colour profiles. 160pp, hc, lf. New copy for the aviation bibliophile. $80.00 A

[ ] The Canadair North Star Milberry. Considered the model for any aircraft history. Canada’s first airliner from conception to demise. Writes Air Pictorial, “A magnificent book in every respect.” Hundreds of photos, diagrams, foldouts, app’x, index. 252 pp, hc Very nice autographed copy. $21.00 A

[ ] Transatlantic Airships: An Illustrated History John Christophers enlightening history of this great era in air transportation. Solid text and a marvelous array of historic photos and other illustrations. Chiefly the great German and British vessels (others as well), the great achievements, the great disasters. 192pp, hardcover, chronology, biblio, index. New copy. $40.00 $18.50 B

[ ] Helicopters: The British Columbia Story Peter Corley Smith’s renowned book about this important and fascinating aspect of Canada’s air transportation. Latest (revised) ed’n. 226pp, photos, index. Very nice copy. $9.50 A

[ ] Aircraft in British Military Service since 1946 Flinthham A wonderful production, large format, hardcover, encyclopedic 332pp, photos, app’x, index. Just exceptional! New copy $60.00 $22.00 A

[ ] The Right of the Line The Royal Air Force in the European War 1939-1945 John Terraine’s award winning classic study. A must for any reader of the war in the air, often touted as the best ever history of the RAF in WWII. Covers every theatre, each descrbed in detail, all the victories and defeats. A massive hardcover effort at 840 pp, photos, notes, biblio, index. Nice copy. $20.00 A

[ ] Warships of the USSR and Russia 1945-1995 Pavlov A large-format hardcover with photos, specs and histories for hundreds of USSR vessels from “subs” to aircraft carriers. A gem of a book for any follower. 321pp, an amazing book from the Naval Institute Press New copy. $15.00 A

[ ] Desperate Siege: The Battle of Hong Kong Ferguson. Solid coverage of this dreadful British foul-up in 1941. Includes the important role there of the Canadians regiments. 252pp, hc, photos, map, index. Nice copy. $10.00 B

[ ] Tonkin Gulf Yacht Club: US Carrier Operations off Vietnam Francillon. One of the great classic air warfare books covering SE Asia in the 1960s-70s. Each carrier’s tours are covered, all the aircraft types you can imagine that served there. 214pp, lf, hc, photos galore, stats, etc. Nice copy, an amazing book. $18.50 A

[ ] There Shall Be Wings The great Leslie Frost’s 1959 in-depth history of the RCAF (on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Baddeck). 290pp, hc, photos. Nice copy, no dust jacket. $12.00 B

[ ] Sixty Years: The RCAF and CF Air Command 1924-1984 Milberry. Early RCAF days, interwar, WWII, postwar to modern days — a mini-CAFWP! 800+ photos, 95 colour profiles. We know how good Sixty Years is – its pages have been scoured and shamelessly poached by the authors of dozens of subsequent publications. This is copy No.33 from the book launching. Signed, authenticated and dated August 18, 1984. That’s copy No.33 of more than 20,000 through 5 printings 1984-2020. Signed to Roy and Joyce Inkster of the RCAF Aircrew Association. Collector item for the serious aviation bibliophile. $60.00 A

[ ] Canada’s Air Force Today Larry Milberry’s classic 1987 overview. 100s of wonderful photos, in-depth text, authoritative. 152pp, hc, lf, photos, app’x, index. Nice new copy. $40.00 $14.00 A

[ ] Canad’s Wings The Passion and the Force. Very nice new copy of John McQuarrie’s wonderful large format hardcover featuring Canada’s air for in 1990. 206 pages, colour throughout. $39.95 $14.00 A

[ ] RCAF Squadrons and Aircraft Griffin & Kostenuk. Classic sought-after source book. Covers every RCAF squadron with all its particulars, all the background – aircraft types, dates, locations, COs, etc. If you don’t yet have a copy, here’s your chance for a nice copy. Dust jacket is worn copy, rest of the book in decent shape. 256 pp, hc, lf, photos, app’x, index. $27.50 A

[ ] The Bremen Fred Hotson’s award- winning history of the first non-stop E-W airplane crossing of the Atlantic. One of CANAV’s most outstanding books. Writes the AAHS, “There are many books dealing with pioneer ocean flying, but only a very small number can be classified as important. This book belongs in that select group.” We agree all the way. You’ll totally enjoy this book. Photos, fold-out map, 3-views. 224 pp, hc. A real gem for any serious aviation library. New copy $22.95 $12.50 B

[ ] US Medium Bomber Units of World War 2, Northwest Europe Scutts. A very fine large-format hardcover dealing with its subject matter. Mainly covers the A-20, B-26 then the A-26. A visual feast with many superb large airplane and combat photos. 158pp, app’x, biblio, index. New copy $45.00 $20.00 A

[ ] Hero: The Buzz Beurling Story Brian Nolan’s excellent 1981 bio of the legendary RCAF fighter pilot. From Malta to Europe and Beurling’s tragic end. 200pp, hc, photos, biblio, app’x, index. MNice copy $12.00

[ ] Sky Tiger: The Story of Sailor Malan Norman Franks’ fine bio of the RAF’s great South African fighter ace. At first drawn to the sea, Malan joins the RAF in 1935. From Dunkirk to the Battle of Britain and onwards, he scores some 35 victories and rises to be G/C Malan. He dies postwar of Parkinson’s at age 53. 206pp, photos, app’x, index. New copy. $14.95 $9.50 B

[ ] Pathfinder: Record Breaking Pioneer, Bomber Pilot and Leader of the RAF Pathfinder Force Air Vice Marshall Donald Bennett’s story from pre-war pioneering in long-range commercial aviation, to his key role in the formation of Ferry Command to his leadership in forming and leading RAF 8 Group – “the Pathfinders”. Seminal RAF wartime history, essential reading. 270pp, sc, photos, app’x. New copy $16.95 $9.50 B

[ ] Five Years of NATO: A Report on the Atlantic Alliance As it says. A very nice original 48-page history of NATO to date. Magazine format. Many fascinating topics from an overall 1954 summary to “Guarding the Seas’, “Strategic Air Power”, “Canada’s Contribution”, “Belgium’s FN Rifle”, reviews from the various members (e.g., “Norway: The Northern Flank”, and a very interesting (now outdated) overview of Turkey that suggests a future with such nations as Iran and Iraq also becoming NATO allies. Photos, chart, nice copy for any serious collector. $50.00 all-in

[ ] The RCAF as Seen from the Ground (A Worm’s Eye View) Alexander Vellemna tell in detail what it was like for the RCAF ‘”round pounders” 1945-1953. Much about the postwar Winter Experimental Establishment at Edmonton. Important for anyone wanting the full story – not everyone in the RCAF was born to fly! 156pp, softcover, photos, ill., glossary. Nice copy $11.50 B

[ ] For We Were Young and We Had Wings Superb compendium covering a host of young Canadians who “signed up” in WWII to serve, to live or die. Excellent profiles of such Canadians as Spitfire aces Lloyd Chapman and Norm Bretz, Typhoon pilots Andy Lord and Frank Hanton, Lancaster crewmen F/O Harry Proskurniak and WO Steve Putnam, PR Mosquito pilot F/OJack Winship. A massive 550-page large format softcover packed withstories – from training to operations, 100s of photos and diagrams. New copy autographed by author Harry McFee. $27.50 A

[ ] Power: The Pratt & Whitney Canada Story Sullivan & Milberry. A spectacular CANAV classic. From “round engine” bush flying years to the PT6 & PW100 in the Dash 8, ATR, etc. Photos galore of all the aircraft, etc. Airlines remarks, “An attractive example of how to make a company history come alive.” CAHS: “If you have enjoyed previous books published by CANAV, you will treasure this one.” Many years after Power appeared, this gorgeous book still draws a glance or two. In 2010 Pierre Gillard, one of Quebec’s leading aviation aficionados, noted (to the publisher’s delight): “Même si le livre est déjà assez ancien, il n’en demeure pas moins un indispensable.” Wow … how’s that for a gold star! 320 pp, hc, app’x, index. Like new copy autographed by Milberry. $18.50 A
(also available one copy of the French ed’n Propulsion same price)

[ ] A History of Aircraft Piston Engines By the king of this subject, the great Herschel Smith. From the earliest efforts through the complete evolution of these engines from the 1890s. These eventually are rated at 3000+ h.p. All these engines made the airplanes possible. Beautifully complements Power: The Pratt & Whitney Canada Story. Nothing is missed in this essential primer. 254 pages, softcover, large format, photos, diagrams, charts, index. New copy. $35.00 A

[ ] Canadair: The First 50 Years Pickler & Milberry. The best source covering this great Canadian company. Origins in 1944 to final takeover by Bombardier. All the projects from DC-3 “refurb” in 1945 to the Challenger and CRJ. 392pp, hc, photos, diagrams, biblio, app’x, index. Like new. Autographed by Milberry $35.00 A

[ ] Family of Volunteers: An Illustrated History of the 48th Highlanders of Canada Beal. Covers 1891 – 2001. From South Africa to WWI, WWII and the periods of peace to modern times. A wonderful Robin Brass production. 176pp, sc, lf, photos, index. Very nice copy $12.50 A

[ ] The Long Road Home Fred Cederberg, who was a newspaper man after the war, tells one of the most realistic tales of any young Canadian fighting overseas in WWII. This is the down and dirty of the Italian campaign 1943-45. It’s almost too graphic in places, but that’s what makes it so worth reading. Noted the Ottawa Citizen, “An exciting, disquieting sergeant’s view of the stupidity and waste of war, but also its challenge and demand for courage.” Wrote the great Doug Fisher, “This is it. This is the way it was.” A must read. 230pp, sc, photos, map. New copy $19.95 $15.00 B

[ ] Some Died at Ortona: The Royal Canadian Regiment in Action in Italy 1943 Galloway. Day to day with the regiment preparing for and in battle in the Italian campaign. Then … the dreadful battle at Ortoina at Christmas. All the details for any serious reader. 222pp, sc, glossary. New copy. $14.95 $9.00 B

[ ] At War on the Gothic Line: Fighting in Italy 1944-45 Christian Jennings excellent 2016 history of this massive yet sometimes tentative effort to shorten WWII. All the politics among FDR, Churchill and their generals, how it all came down to the fighting man confronting often superior German divisions. But the Allies finally carry the day. Much about such amazing units as the Black and Japanese American regiments, the Canadians, and the Poles and Indians. Really an excellent, well-balanced presentation. 356pp, hc, photos, maps, notes, index. Like new. $15.50 B

Vokes: My Story The 1985 autobiography of yet another great Canadian Army general, Chris Vokes, DSO. From boyhood to generalship. Campaigns in Italy and NW Europe. Then the occupation and home to Canada Much very personal coverage. 232pp, hc. Excellent history, nice copy. $12.50 B

[ ] Distant Thunder: Canada’s Citizen Soldiers on the Western Front Kennedy. A solid history of the subject from Canada’s rush to prepare for war in 1914 to the first great battles on the Western Front — Ypres, the Somme, Vimy, etc. All the horrors of trench warfare, artillery barrages, gas, etc. To the bitter end at Cambrais in November 1918. A lot of fresh info well delivered. 236pp, sc, photos, biblio, chronology, index. New copy. $35.00 $14.50 A

[ ] From Baddeck to the Yalu: Stories of Canada’s Airmen at War Noel Shannon. A really decent compilation. Good coverage starting at Baddeck with the AEA, on to the pioneers of aerial warfare in WWI (lots of solid detail), the interwar years, much of WWII with familiar and not-so-familiar airmen’s names. Finishes with Canada’s F-86 pilots in Korea. Reallya decent effort written by a former combat pilot. 224pp, photos, index. Very nice copy $10.00 B

[ ] A Military History of Canada Des Morton’s best selling book beautifully summarizing it all from earliest years of colonizing through New France and the Seven Years War, onward with the British era, War of 1812, colonial revolutions, birth of Canada and on to WWI, WWII, UN to the present. An essential title for any Canadian military library shelf. 304pp, photos, index. Fine copy. $8.50 B

[ ] The Armed Forces of Canada 1867-1967: A Century of Achievement Authoritative in-depth history by the great D.J. Goodspeed, Directorate of History, Ottawa. An essential book to give added strength to your general Canadian military library. Beautifully produced large format hardcover. From Canada’s earliest militia, the Northwest Campaign, South Africa, WWI, formation of the RCN and RCAF, the interwar doldrums, on to WWII and the postwar era. A masterpiece and beautifully produced. Maps and photos, app’x, index. Nice copy, no dust jacket. $14.50 A

[ ] Canadian Airmen and the First World War, Vol.I DHist. As it says and in a class of its own. Indispensable source book if you don’t yet have your copy. 806 pp, hc, 200 photos, maps, foldouts. Nice copy. $40.00 A

[ ] Canadian Combat and Support Aircraft: A Military Compendium By author BGen T. Leversedge. A wonderful book covering the RCAF’s and Air Command’s aircraft through the decades into the 2010s. From the post-WWI types like the SE5, Camel and Avro 504, to the Siskin and Atlas, all the WWII types, then everything post-WWII to the present from the Mustang, Vampire and B-25, to the Neptune and Argus, Lancaster, Sabre, CF-100, CF-104, Banshee, Voodoo, Hornet, all the trainers, transports and helicopters as well. Many rare entries. 348 pages, hardcover, large format, biblio. NEW copy. $40.00 $17.50 A

[ ] Combat Legend F-86 Sabre Martin Bowman’s wonderful overall history of this classic fighter. The author boils the story down to the essentials from earliest post-WWII days through all the Sabre versions in all the nations. Much about the Canadair Sabre. Wonderful photos and colour profiles. A real gem of a book, especially to complement your copy of The Canadair Sabre. 96-page 7×10 inch softcover, app’x, index. New copy. $21.95 $15.00 B (this book + a new autographed copy of The Canadair Sabre $35.00 A)

[ ] The Spitfire Smiths: A Unique Story of Brothers in Arms S/L R.I.A. “Rod” Smith, DFC, and Bar. The authoritative story of these renowned RCAF brothers who fought at Malta. To be enjoyed by all interested in RCAF heritage. One died in service, one was in the postwar RCAF – all the exciting details. 224pp, hc, photos, index. NEW copy. $35.00 $15.00 B

[ ] Buck McNair, Spitfire Ace Franks. Bio of one of the RCAF’s great wartime and postwar fighter pilots. Boyhood, training, first combat, North Africa, Malta, Europe, postwar. A really wonderful tribute by the great Norman Franks to a superb Canadian. You’ll love this one! 178pp, sc, photos, line drawings, app’x, biblio, index. New copy. $19.95 $9.50 B

[ ] Invasion without Tears: The Story of Canada’s Top-Scoring Spitfire Wing in Europe During the Second World War Written by a senior RCAF intelligence officer who was present through this period – Monty Berger. Covers many of the RCAF’s great combat pilots whose names will be familiar to you. An essential RCAF WWII sourcebook. 240pp, hc, photos, maps, biblio, app’x, index. Nice copy $15.00 B

[ ] Blue Skies The Autobiography of a Canadian Spitfire Pilot in World War II Acclaimed best seller by RCAF Spitfire pilot Bill Olmsted, DSO, DFC and Bar. He fights from the UK to Malta, Italy and Normandy. One of the best such RCAF reads. 262 pp, sc, photos, map, gloss. Like new. $13.50 B

[ ] The Greatest Air Battle: Dieppe, 19th August 1941 Franks. Hour-by-hour account of 1000s of sorties flown by both sides over Dieppe. One of the best WWII air combat histories. Much RCAF content. 256pp, sc, photos, app’x, biblio, index. New copy. $18.95 $13.50 B

[ ] Spitfire:The History Morgan & Shacklady (1989 ed’n). The grandest history to date of the great fighter. Whatever questions you have are answered here. 634pp, hc, photos, c-profiles, dia, line art, complete prod’n list, app’x, index. Nice copy $25.00 A

[ ] The Rise and Fall of the German Air Force 1933-1945 A fantastic book from the UK Public Record Office War Histories series. Derived from the UK’s secret postwar investigations. Just as the title say, for any keen reader of WWII air warfare. 432pp, hc, photos, maps, charts, index. Like new $24.00 B

[ ] The Bomber Command War Diaries: An Operational Reference Book 1939-1945 Martin Middlebrook’s incomparable record of every Bomber Command operation of WWII. Indispensible for understanding the air war over Europe. A book that you will use time and time again and never part with this one!. 804 pages, softcover, photos, index. New copy. $45.00 A

[ ] Bomber Command Losses 1945 From W.R. Chorley’s seminal series. Every bomber lost for the last year of the war with outline of the mission — each crewman’s name and trade, who died, who survived, the when and the where, the circumstances, etc. 100s of RCAF entries + the essential historical text. 224pp, sc New Copy $28.00 B

[ ] Target Dresden Cooper. On the night of 13/14 February 1945, more than 800 RAF bombers dropped 2500 tons of explosives on Dresden, causing a devastating firestorm. Chronicles the development of bombing from the WWI Zeppelin raids on England., then examines the pros and cons of Dresden. 256pp, sc, photos, app’x. New copy. $19.95 $12.50 B

[ ] Nuremberg Raid Martin Middlebrook’s legendary coverage of this landmark Bomber Command raid. Truly the horrors of war! 368pp, hardcover, photos, map, app’x. index. Good copy. $10.00 B

[ ] Avro Lancaster From the great Lancaster researcher Harry Holmes, here is the ideal Lancaster profile. From the “Combat Legend” series. From development (Manchester, etc.) to “ops” (including the special ones). All the “Lanc” VCs are covered, all the variants and survivors, the production history and specs. 96pp 7×10 inch format, photos, colour profiles, app’x, index. Very nice copy. $12.50 B

[ ] The Evaders: True Stories of Downed Canadians and Their Helpers in World War II Lavender & Sheffe (1992). Famous history covering many of the RCAF fliers on the run in enemy territorty. 264pp, sc, photos, doc, app’x, index. Nice copy $13 .50 B

[ ] B-17 Flying Fortress: A Bombing Legend The great Michael O’Leary’s wonderful 9×9 softcover “Osprey” covering this perennially important aviation topic. Features civil B-17s from postwar “Forts” hauling cargo in Bolivia to aerial survey workhorses, to the great restored B-17s from “Shoo Shoo Baby” to “Memphis Belle”, “Fuddy Duddy”, “Sentimental Journey”, “Aluminum Overcast” and the recently departed “Nine O Nine”. A lovely book, 128pp, sc, 9×9. New $12.50 B

[ ] Hitler’s Rockets: The Story of the V2s Longmate. As it says … a massively-detailed history of this infamous terror weapon of WWII. 422pp, paperback, photos, biblio, index. Like new. $12.50 B

[ ] Above the Trenches: The Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920 Shores, Franks, Guest. This is the ultimate book covering the topic. All the many Canadians included. A wide-ranging, beautifully designed masterpiece of a book. 396pp, hc, photos, all the aces in alph. order, very easy to use. For any reader with the remotest interest. Very nice copy. $40.00 A

[ ] The French Air Service War Chronolgy 1914-1918: Day to Day Claims and Losses by French Fighter, Bomber and Two-Seat Pilots on the Western Front Bailey. Just as it says and a monumental and magnificent book. 326pp, hc, photos. New copy $65.00 $24.50 A

[ ] No.60 Sqn RFC/RAF Alex Revell’s renowned history of the top WWI fighter sqn. From Osprey’s “Aviation Elite Units” series. The in-depth story of the sqn 1916-1918, Nieuports & SE5s. Many Canadian pilots served here. Much about Canada’s great W.A. “Billy” Bishop, VC. 128pp, sc, photos, colour profiles, app’x, index. Nice copy. $9.50 B

[ ] Immelman: The Eagle of Lille Bio. Of the great German fighter ace of WWI 208pp, hc, photos, list of victories. New copy. $32.95 $12.50 B

[ ] The Red Baron’s Last Flight: The Mystery Investigated Franks & Bennett. The final word on the fate of Manfred von Richthofen. On April 21, 1918 he was shot down over the front. Canadian pilots W.R. “Wop” May & A. Roy Brown were in on the action, but who fired the fatal shot? This study goes about as far as can be in finding a rational answer. 144pp, hc, photos, maps, docs, app’x, index. New copy, but two bumped corners $9.50 B

[ ] Shark Squadron: The History of 112 Squadron 1917-1975 Robin Brown’s outstanding covering of the renowned RAF squadron. From Camels in WWII through the 1930s to Gladiators and Kittyhawks in Crete and N. Africa, the Italian campaign with Mustangs. Many Canadian pilots. Postwar on the Vampire, Canadair Sabre, Hunter, finishing as an anti-aircraft sqn. 304 99, hc, photos, maps, intensive app’x, index. New copy. $50.00 $17.50 B

[ ] The Story of 609 Squadron – Under the White Rose Ziegler This beloved RAF squadron from pre-war beginnings, through the Battle of Britain with “Spits” on through the war, then Typhoons, war’s end (many Canadians fought with 609), postwar with Meteors to disbandment. 388pp, hc, photos, index. Another masterpiece of a sqn history. Like new. $15.00 B

[ ] RAF Squadrons in the Battle of Britain Robinson. Just as it says, squadron after squadron, each one’s locations, aircraft, personnel, involvement, successes, losses and more. 288pp, photos, maps, app’x, biblio, index. New copy. $50.00, $17.50 B

[ ] 617 Squadron: The Dambusters at War Tony Bennett’s authoritative perspective about the fabulous squadron on which numerous RCAF served (Tony served on 617). This beautifully complements your another “dam buster” books, so don’t miss this one! The “dams raid”, the Tirpitz and all the rest. 272pp, glossary, photos. Nice copy. $13.50 B

[ ] Paths to Freedom Canadian Bob Kellow’s own story of his days and 617 Sqn. Shot down in September 1943, he evades and is back in the UK in 12 weeks. Very exciting reading, esp. how the underground ran its escape cells, getting 100s of Allied airmen to safety. 188pp, sc, photos, maps. New book. $16.95 $10.50 B

[ ] Spitfire Offensive W/C R.W.F. Sampson, DFC and Bar starts with 602 Sqn, fights over Dieppe, commands 127 Sqn and 145 Wing, finishes with a victory record of 4-5-1. Sampson’s postwar RAF career also covered. One of the best such Spitfire pilot books. 182pp, hc, photos, app’x, index. New copy. $37.95 $14.50 B

[ ] Spitfire Aces of Burma and the Pacific Osprey title by Andy Thomas, so you know it’s a good one! Very nicely done, 96pp, sc, photos, colour profiles, app’x, index. New copy. $25.95 $9.50 B

[ ] Aces of the Condor Legion Forsyth, another fine Osprey. As it says. You’ll want this one if following this era in aerial warfare, or if keen on such types as the Bf.109. A gem of a book. 112pp, sc, photos, colour profiles, app’x, index. Like new. $25.95 $9.50 B

[ ] The Quick and the Dead W.A. “Bill” Waterton’s 1956 autobio. The great pilot’s achievements from the Gloster E.1 to the Meteor & Javelin. Then in Canada where he makes the first flight of the CF-100. Back in the UK, he excels at Gloster, but an accident and politic end his test piloting days. Waterton returns to Canada for good. Top reading. 200pp, hc, photos. Like new $12.50 B

[ ] Forty Nights to Freedom Bio. Of RCAF Beaufighter pilot and escaper Stewart F. Cowan. Solid RCAF history, rare book. Nice autographed copy $16.50 B

[ ] Messerschmitt BF.109 at War van Ishoven. From the great1970s “At War” series. The great fighter from genesis to war’s end. Authoritative, in-depth text, masses of photos. 160pp large format, hc. Nice copy. $14.50 A

[ ] A Trepid Aviator RCAF pilot W.W. “Wally” Fraser’s gripping real life story of B-24 Liberator operations in the Far East in 1944-45. From low-level straffing missions to high-level bombing, Fraser and crew are in the thick of it. Life and death stuff “from the horse’s mouth”. 266pp, sc, photos. Very nice autographed copy. $14.00 B

[ ] Operations Most Secret: SOE The Malayan Theatre Ian Trenowden’s inside look at how the UK dealt with special ops against the ruthless Japanese 1942-45. The efforts against the Japanese in the jungle of 400 special-trained SOE men, how they came and went in submarines and PBYs, their training, their arms, their bravery, the immense risks, etc. 230pp, hc, photos, maps, app’x, index. New copy. $40.00 $18.50 B

[ ] The Dangerous Sky: Canadian Airmen in World War II As it says (when books actually were books, right). Tom Coughlin’s classic book with foreword by Douglas Bader. Very well done, in depth text covering all commands. 214 pp, hc, lf, photos, map, app’x biblio, index. Nice copy. $18.00 A

[ ] Shark Squadron: The History of 112 Squadron 1917-1975 Robin Brown’s

[ ] Britain’s Merchant Navy A classic 1943 study by Sir Arvchibald Hurd Britain’s ancient dependence on the sea, the rise of her merchant fleets from sail to WWII. All the hazards at sea, much about the U-boat menace. The horrendous dangers and the steadfastness of the merchant sailor. Many technical details, photos, beautiful cut-aways of various ships, many maps with routes. Many survivors tales.256pp, hc, index. Nice 73-year-old copy. $15.00 B

The RCN in Retrospect 1910-1968 Boutilier. Really the best overall RCN history for these eras in print, it’s all encapsulated here. Peacetime to war and back again, the aircraft carriers included, the unification crisis, etc. 372pp, photos, maps, diagrams, glossary, notes. Very nice copy. $17.50 B

[ ] Far Distant Ships: An Official Account of Canadian Naval Operations in World War II J. Schull’s classic RCN history 1939-45. A “must” for anyone who reads and enjoys Canadian history. 514 pp, sc, photos, maps, index. New. $29.95 $15.00 B

[ ] Flower Class Corvettes Lambert & Brown The full story of these vital anti-submarine vessels that became the scourge of the U-boat fleet in the North Atlantic. The story of each RCN vessel. The combat record, the success and losses. 128pp, hc, lf, photos, diagrams. New copy. $40.00 $17.50 A

[ ] Canadian Civil Aircraft Register December 31, 1976 Transport Canada. As it says, every civil-registered Canadian civil a/c to that date. Half the book by registration, half cross-indexed by manufacturer/type. Valuable sourcebook or collector item. 600+ pages, large format, softcover. Former library copy, very good condition. $50.00 A

[ ] Mohawks over Burma” Beauchamp. The detailed story of Canadians and their Commonwealth pals flying the Curtiss 75 Mohawk fighter in the early days of the Burma conflict 1942-43. Mohawks take a heavy toll againstsuperior Japanese forces, including the dreaded Zero. Detailed profiles of the various “Canucks”. Life on rugged advanced airfields with no comforts. 310 pages, hardcover, diary excerpts, photos, app’x, index. Excellent copy. $50.00 B

[ ] Tobruk Commando Landsborough. The story of a daring 1942 British commando raid in Egypt/Libya. How a simple raid grew in scale with the planning, then fell apart in the execution. Very exciting story! 216 pages, hardcover, photos. 1st ed’n 1956, nice copy. $13.50 B

[ ] The Lion’s Last Roar: Suez 1956 Cooper. The genesis of this infamous crises, how its developed as a military confrontation (land, sea and air), all the forces at play. How Britain failed at this effort, suffering long term losses and opening the way in this region to the USSR. 308 pages, maps, notes, biblio, index. Nice copy. $16.50 B

[ ] Wings over Suez: The First Authoritative Account of Air Operations during the Sinai and Suez Wars of 1958 Brian Cull does a magnificent job with this lovely Grub Street book. Action with all the many aircraft types with the various/many combatants. Vampires, Meteors, MiGs, Venoms, Attackers, Canberras, etc. Several ex-RCAF pilots involved. 386pp, hc, photos, app’x, index. Like new. $25.00 B

[ ] Clean Sweep: The Life of Air Marshall Sir Ivor Broom, DSO, DFC and 2 Bars, AFC This leading RAF pilot’s story told by the great Tony Spooner, DSO, DFC A lovely Crecy hardcover. All Broom’s wartime operations (3 tours) including suicidal early “ops” on Blenheims and the rigours of 31 equally dangerous Blemheim “ops” in the Mediterranean. Mosquitos, etc. follow, then, Broom’s exciting postwar flying career to 1977. Top-notch RAF history. 244pp, hc, phpotos, app’x, index. New copy $35.00 $16.50 B

[ ] Up in Harm’s Way: Flying with the Fleet Air Arm. R.M. Crosley, DSC and Bar tells the story of the FAA through his own career from late WWII into the modern era. From Sunderland to Sea Fury, Gannett, Sea Vixen, Scimitar, Buccaneer, Harrier and various USN type sflown at Pax River. This is a gem of a read, solid history. 256pp, hc, photos, app’x, index. A fine Airlife production. New copy. $35.00 $16.50 B

[ ] Twenty-One Squadrons: The History of the Royal Auxiliary Airforce 1925-1957. Leslie Hunt’s wonderful and massive history of these historic and vital RAF squadrons including all the renowned “600” series squadrons of the Battle of Britain, etc.. Each squadron’s history in detail, all the people, planes, places and achievements. 432pp, photos, charts. Very nice copy $16.50 A

[ ] U.S. Battleship Operations in World War 1 Jones/Naval Institute Press. As it says, in-depth coverage of this era in the US Navy’s (then) modern era. How the US fleet teamed with the Royal Navy’s Grand Fleet to give the latter, “an unqualified superiority over the German fleet”. The USN learns many lessons (gunnery, etc.) from the RN. All the great ships and naval leaders. 170 pages, photos, notes, biblio, index. Very nice copy. $18.00 B

[ ] The Battle of the River Plate Campbell. Detailed coverage of this classic naval confrontation – Germany’s great battleship, Graf Spee, against HMS Achilles, Ajax and Exeter. Each side scored hits, Graf Spee sought haven in Uruguay, then sailed to sea to be scuttled. Thusly, did the British attain one of their early victories at sea in WWII. Includes much about the German “ghost ship” Altmark. 256pp, photos, map, app’x, index. Nice copy, 3rd printing 1940. $15.50 B

[ ] A Terrible Beauty: The Art of Canada at War Robertson. A lovely, award-winning book covering its topic 1914-18 and 1939-45. Many classic pieces of Canadian war art with detailed text. “The Sinking of the Athabaskan”, “Bomber Run”, “S/L Hal Gooding, DFC”, “Pranged Halifax Q Queenie”, etc. All of Canada’s great war artists are included, a really lovely production 240 pp, hc, lf. 100s of colour ill. GC. $24.00 A

[ ] The Rise of the Tudors: The Family that Changed English History Skidmore (2013) From Henry Tudor’s victory over Richard III in 1485, this is “a tale of brutal feuds and deadly civil wars, and the remarkable rise of the Tudor family from obscure Welsh gentry to the throne of England”. 436pp, photos, maps, notes, index. Nice copy $13.50 B

[ ] The Battle for Hell’s Island Moore. A really superb history of how US naval aviation struggled, then, finally succeeded in the early years of WWII in the South Pacific. Amazingly detailed and well written. Mainly focuses on the Battle of the Coral Sea and Guadalcanal and how USN aircraft carriers there duelled with Japanese counterparts. Many carriers go under, the losses are astounding. Dauntless and Avenger divebombers covered by Wildcats fight almost daily with formidable enemy bombers and fighters. 498pp, hc, photos, maps, app’x, biblio, index. A serious page-turner, you won’t regret this fantastic read! Very nice copy $15.00 A

[ ] Log book for SS Victorious Upper Lakes Shipping Co. laker Victorious’ log from Trip 1 1966 to her final sailing – Trip 18 1968. Vessel then was sold and used to help form a breakwater at Ontario Place, Toronto. All entries made in hand, showing departure and destination ports, cargo in detail by hold (Durham No.5 wheat, bushels per hold, coal (by type), salt) tons per hold, draft fore & aft, loading & discharging times, etc. Each page signed off by such officers as D. Fenton, H. Freeman, C. Hiscock, R. Smith. 198 pages, hardback logbook, first 74 pages are used for entries. Also includes various receipts for movements and transactions with such companies as American Grain Terminals Inc, Canada Department of Agriculture, Toledo Board of Trade. Great Lakes collector item only. Nice condition. $180.00 all in

[ ] Canada’s Air Force Today Larry Milberry’s renowned 1987 title, just as it says. Covers every Group from the day and a solid description of the work done by each – fighters, transports, maritime, helios, etc. Rich in colour photos 152pp, large format, hardcover, app’x, index. Includes a free copy of CANAV’s 24-page 1991 “Update” to CAFT. Very nice autographed copy. $16.00 A

[ ] Vintage Aircraft in Canada 1976 CAHS publication. 68-page booklet with photos listing everything known at the time. Still a useful source book, otherwise a nifty collectable. Nice copy. $14.00 postpaid

{ } RCAF Meteor Mk.III EE361 Daily Reports The original hand-written, work-a-day, hardcover RCAF Winter Experimental Establishment log book for this famous RCAF jet fighter from November 20, 1946 to the last entry February 28, 1927: “A/C flown steadily since 16th of Feb. OAT -20C, no hydraulic troubles. Fuel consumptions tests, engines OK. Fuel very dirty from barrel and ice deposits. Streamline filter renewed in bowser …” Last page of the book lists “Ground Running Time” port & starboard engines Nov.5 1947 to January 10, 1948. This is an original RCAF “T35 Note Book for Workshop and Laboratory Records”. This item only for the serious collector deeply interested in the RCAF’s initial “hands on” experience with the jet fighter. Nice item just as it was on its final day of use in 1947. About the first ½ of the book has entries, the rest is blank. You have seen this diary referred to in CANAV’s books Sixty Years and in Canada’s Air Force at War and Peace, Vol.3. EE361 was on RCAF strength March 14, 1946 to March 5, 1948. $250.00 B

[ ] 18 Souls: The Loss and Legacy of Cougar Flight 491 Etheridge. Solid history of the disastrous 2009 crash of the Cougar Helicopters Sikorsky S-92 serving the oil rigs off Newfoundland. How this tragedy unfolded, then profiles of those aboard that day. A solid piece of aviation history. 332 pages, softcover. $24.95 New copy. $16.50 B

[ ] Mayday: Eisenhower, Khrushchev and the U-2 Affair Michael Beschloss’ ultimate coverage of this … one of the greatest Cold War episodes. The story of US-USSR standoff, the USAF, the CIA, Soviet air defences, Francis Gary Powers, etc. 494pp, photos, map, notes, index. Nice copy. $14.50 B

[ ] Explorers: The Most Exciting Voyages of Discovery from the African Expeditions to the Lunar Landing As it says and a gem of a production. Really nicely produced using many large fold-outs on card stock to show off the many maps and photos. Deals with all the continents, good coverage of the NW Passage incl. Amundsen + USS Nautilus. NEW copy sticker price $29.95. $15.50 B

[ ] Voyageurs of the Air J.R.K. Main’s solid overview of Canadian aviation history through the decades. A staple in any well-balanced Canadian aviation library. 396pp, hc, photos, map, index. Very nice copy $12.00 A

[ ] Business Wings: 30 Years of the Canadian Business Aircraft Association Fred Hotson’s excellent history of the early years of corp. av’n in Canada. The only such stand-alone title covering this topic. 48-page magazine, photos. Collector item, nice copy. $20.00 postpaid

[ ] U.S. Commercial Aircraft The great Kenneth Munson’s lovely 1982 history of this basic and beloved subject. All the great types through the decades from the 1913 Benoist flying boat in Tampa onward to the modern jetliners of the 1980s. Beautifully produced, many superb photos. 224pp, hc, lf, chronology, appendix, index. Very nice copy. An ace of a Jane’s production. $17.50 A

[ ] McDonnell Douglas: A Tale of Two Giants Yenne. Ditto. 256pp, nice copy. $15.00 A

[ ] Alaska Airlines Airways Classics series by the great John Wegg. 75th ann. ed’n. 80pp, magazine format, photos galore, map. Pioneering days to the present, all the great people, planes and routes. Lovely copy. $15.00 B

[ ] Braniff Airlines Airways Classics series by the great John Wegg. Ditto Alaska. $15.00 B

[ ] U.S. Military Aircraft 1908 to April 6, 1917 From the Robert Casari series, Vol.3 Curtiss J, N, JN-2, JN-3 and N-8. 72 page 6×9 booklet, photos, index. Nice copy. $15.00 postpaid

[ ] Encyclopedia of U.S. Military Aircraft The World War I Production Program, The Curtiss Jennies From the Robert Casari series, 152pp, hc, photos, charts, drawings, index. In-depth cverage of the Canadian programs. Very nice copy $30.00 B

[ ] Lockheed Hercules Production List 1954-1996 Lars Olausson’s seminar C-130/L382 Hercules from airplane No.1 53-3396 ordered in 1953. 126 page cerlox-bound pocket-size booklet, nice copy. $7.50 B

[ ] Dreams of Food and Freedom Booth. A fascinating local history. The men of Ontario’s Elgin County who served as Prisoners of War from the War of 1812 onward. Much of WWI & WWII, some airmen included. Each man’s early life is covered, then his military career and life as a POW, then how he fared after the war. New copy. $16.50 B

[ ] The Constellation Air-Britain 1969. Ditto. 66pp, sc, photos. Good copy $5.50B

[ ] Civil Aircraft Registers of Canada 1996/97 Air Britain. As you’d expect. 304pp, sc. Nice copy. $12.50 A

[ ] Airline and Airliner Fleets 1989 Pineburn Press, as it says. 186pp, sc. Very good copy. $6.00 B

[ ] Piston Engine Airliner Production List Eastwood & Roach. From the well-known series. Essential sourcebook. 1991 ed’n. Nice copy. $8.50 A

[ ] Turbo Prop Airliner Production List Vol.1 Boeing Roach & Eastwood. Ditto. 1990 ed’n. 400pp, sc. Good copy. $6.50 A

[ ] Turbo Prop Airliner Production List Vol.1 Boeing Roach & Eastwood. Ditto. 2007 ed’n. 472pp, sc. Nice copy. $7.50 A (Both turbo props $12.50 A)

[ ] Jet Airliner Production List Vol.1 Boeing Roach & Eastwood. Ditto. 2005 ed’n. 496pp, sc. Very nice copy. $8.50 A

[ ] Jet Airliner Production List Vol.2 All the others. Roach & Eastwood. Ditto. 2004 ed’n. 510pp, sc. Very nice copy. $8.50 A (both jet ed’ns $13.50 A)

{ } Airline Fleet Quick Reference AFQR 2013 Air-Britain. As it says, useful sourcebook. 272pp, sc. Nice copy $7.50 B

{ } Airline Fleet Quick Reference AFQR 2015 Air-Britain. As it says, useful sourcebook. 286pp, sc. Nice copy $7.50 B (Both $12.00 A)

[ ] JP Aircraft-Markings 71 Early example of the “JP” series 176pp, pocket book format, photos. Alph. order by airline. Nice copy $7.50 B

[ ] JP Aircraft-Markings 74 Early example of the “JP” series 238p, pocket book format, photos. Ditto Nice copy $7.50 B

[ ] JP Aircraft-Markings 75 Early example of the “JP” series 302pp, pocket book format, photos. Ditto. Nice copy $7.50 B

[ ] JP Aircraft-Markings 77 Early example of the “JP” series 330pp, pocket book format, photos. Alph. Order by airline. Nice copy $9.50 B

[ ] Airliner Production List Nigel Tomkins, 1978 ed’n. From the “World Airline Fleets” series. 362pp, sc, photos. Nice copy $8.50 B

[ ] Turboprop Airliners & Military Transports of the World 94 Standard excellent Air-Britain sourcebook – as it says. 408pp, softcover, good copy. $9.50 A

[] Jet & Propjet 2003 Corporate Aircraft Directory Simmonds & Ricardson 526pp, sc, photos. Very nice copy $8.50 B

[] Jet & Propjet 2006 Corporate Aircraft Directory Simmonds & Ricardson 560pp, sc, photos. Very nice copy $8.50 B (Both $14.50)

[ ] Jet Airliners of the World Air-Britain 1974 profile by J.R. Birch 96pp, 7×9 inch. As it says. Good copy $7.50 B

[ ] Jet Airliners of the World 1949-1998 Air-Britain 50th ann. ed’n. 336 pp, hardcover. As usual … alph. order by manufacturer. Very nice copy $12.50 A

[ ] Jet Airliner Production List 1949-1989 Roach & Eastwood Massive compendium. 460pp, sc. Very nice copy. $9.50 A

[ ] Jet Airliners of the World 1990 Air-Britain. Standard A-B publication that you fans know & love. 334pp, sc, nice copy $12.50 A

[ ] Canada’s Air Force at War and Peace, Vol. 1 Milberry. In September 2000 Britain’s Scale Aviation Modeller International selected Vol.1 as its “Book of the Month”: “Well, what can we say! This is a book that truly deserves the ‘must have’ title… one that all RCAF and Canadian aviation fans will want.” Writes Airforce: “…the most comprehensive history of Canada’s air force ever produced.” Canadian Flight says “the grand-daddy of all Christmas presents for air force vets.” Begins in 1914 with the feeble Canadian Av’n Corps, moves to Canadians in the RFC/RNAS/RAF. Ch.1 has more than 30,000 words: fighters, bombers, coastal patrol, training. Ch.2? Interwar years. CAF/RCAF from its start in training, photo, surveying, fisheries & sovereignty, treaty & training flights. The RCAF grows more military. Pix from HS-2L to Atlas, Hurricane. Ch.3? Home front 1939-45. 230 photos. BCATP, home defence, domestic transport, industry. Day Fighters 1939-45 – No.1 Sqn in the Battle of Britain, D-Day, the march through Europe, Far East, etc. Hurricanes, Spitfires, Typhoons, etc. Vol.1 296 pp, 700 photos, 200,000 words, 9×12 lf, hc, glos, biblio, index. $69.50 sticker price. Small ding at top of spine. Good autographed copy $10.00 A

[ ] Behind the Glory: The Plan that Won the Allied Air War Barris Canada in the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan in WW2. Excellent history of this great enterprise in Canada, many first-hand interviews, full of exciting action in time of war. 358pp, sc, photos, map, biblio, index. Nice copy. $10.50 B

[ ] Behind the Glory: The Plan that Won the Allied Air War Ditto except hardcover ed’n. Some slight marking-up by the previous owner, but really quite a nice copy. $12.50 B

[ ] Day of Infamy Walter Lord’s famous history of the Japanese surprise attach on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. First ed’n 1957. All the basic history as known to that time. The background, the attack, America’s unpreparedness, the aftermath of this historic day in world history. 242pp, hc, photos, maps, index. Decent copy. $8.00 B

[ ] British Journal of Photography Annual 1967 Wonderful book of archival + contemporary b/w images + great tech gen about cameras & photography. Many key themes of the day – Vietnam War, disasters, Dorothea Lange section, auto racing. For the connoisseur/collector. 258pp, hc, lf. Very nice copy. $16.00 A

[ ] The Canadians at War 1939/45 Fabulous 1986 Reader’s Digest coverage land, sea & air. Authoritatively researched, beautifully produced. 480pp, hc, lf, maps, photos. Very nice copy. $10.00 A

[ ] The Greatest Flight: Reliving the Aerial Triumph that Changed the World McMillan. Lovely, impressive big book covering the 5-week 1994 flight of a full-scale replica Vimy bomber from the UK to Australia, re-enacting in glorious form the original 1919 flight. 256pp, extra-large format, all the photos in “then and now” layout, just magnificent. Lovely copy. $15.00 A

[ ] It Seems Like Only Yesterday Philip Smith’s seminal history of Trans-Canada Air Lines. Essential Canadian aviation content. 368pp, hc, photos, index. Nice copy. $14.50 B

[ ] My Lady of Courage G/C Z.L. Leigh’s tribute to his wife, Linny. Their lives together in the world of aviation 1930s-80s – in the bush, TCA, RCAF, retirement. Another side to the Canadian aviation story and good stuff. Complements G/C Leigh’s own story And I Shall Fly. 280pp, sc, photos. Good copy. $8.50 B

[ ] And I Shall Fly G/C Z. L. Leigh’s autobio. From prairie barnstormer to Arctic aviator, to his job as TCA’s first pilot. On to coastal Hudsons, overseas transport operations with B-17s, the founding of Air Transport Command, etc. Chapter re. Newfoundland air transport c. 1930 + Goose Bay post-WWII. 212 pp, sc, photos, index. New copy $18.00 B (Both copies $24.00 B)

[ ] Hubbard:The Forgotten Boeing Aviator Brown. Important history of one of the great early aviators. Hubbards many “firsts” including the 1920 Seattle-Victoria air mail. 226pp, sc, photos, biblio, index. Very nice autographed copy. $12.00 B

[ ] [ ] Flight 111 Kimber. The detailed and tragic story of Swissair 111 MD-11 lost off Nova Scotia in 1998. Thoroughly researched and well presented. 328pp, sc $15.00 B

[ ] Bombardier Global Express Official invitation from Laurent Beaudoin to the rollout of the Global Express at Downsview in August 1996. Nicely done in a thick board 7×7 inch velvety cover. Rare, collector item only. $20.00 B

[ ] The Truth Straight from the Top about Air Canada Robert Milton answers his critics and he “gets it straight” for the historic record. You can imagine how these two books differ! 266pp, hc, notes, index. Like new copy. $13.50 B

[ ] Census of U.S. Civil Aircraft as of December 31, 1964 FAA publication, massive treatment of the topic from many perspectives such as totals of aircraft by names, by engine, by state, by manufacturer, e.g., 35.012 Cessnas vs2357 Mooneys vs 1782 Douglas vs 947 Lockheed. Rotary wing & gliders incl. 170pp, sc, maps. Nice copy $14.00 A

[ ] The American Heritage History of Flight Josephy et al. (1962). A magnificent history of aviation in the USA and its interconnections abroad. 416pp, hc, lf, photos, profiles, paintings. Simply a lovely production. Nice copy. $15.00 A

[ ] Skyward: Why Flyers Fly Richard Munson’s magnificent extra-large format glossy-page book with some of the best ever aircraft photos, includes many detailed profiles of men and planes by people who just live to fly. Beech 17 & Ford Trimotor to classic Stinsons, on to modern airliners, bizjets, homebuilts, ag planes and warbirds. One of the most beautiful such productions. 208pp. Good copy. $15.00 A

[ ] Leading Edge Walter Boyne’s (Dir. NASM) fabulous history of aviation in text + magnificent colour photos. Truly one of the most delightful such books, anyone will love a copy. 232pp, hc, lf, index. Like new. $12.50 A

[ ] Canada’s Aviation Pioneers: 50 Years of McKee Trophy Winners Sutherland (1978). Essential Canadian source book. The work on the subject to 1978. Thoroughly done with detailed bios + photos. 304pp, hc, lf, maps, index. Nice copy, should be in every Canadian aviation library. $16.00 A

[ ] US Navy & Marine Corps Air Power Directory Donald & Lake. From World Air Power Journal. Indispensable guidebook that holds its usefulness year after year. Histories of all modern types, all bases and units. 232pp, lf, hc, photos, 3-views, maps, charts, app’x, index. Like new except one folded blank page at the very end. $21.50 A

[ ] US Air Force Air Power Directory From World Air Power Journal. Indispensable 1992 guidebook that holds its usefulness year after Esatmooyear. Histories of all modern types, all bases and units. 232pp, lf, hc, photos, 3-views, maps, charts, app’x, index. Collector item, very nice copy $12.00 A

[ ] World Air Power Directory Several new copies of this seminal military publication: Vols. 1, 2, 3, 4, 7. Very classy productions, in-depth material all the way. Each $9.50 A

[ ] Canadair Sabre CL-13A Mk.5 Peter Sickinger’s in-depth detailed 1990 profile of this great Canadian-made fighter in Luftwaffe service. German text, English captions. 48 pages, photos, drawings, fleet list. The thorough profile! Very rare item, nice copy except front page has some obvious creases. $20.00 postpaid

[ ] Canadair Sabre CL13B Mk.6 Ditto … Siegfriede Wache’s wonderful 1992 profile. 44 pages, photos, drawings, fleet list. Nice copy. $25.00 postpaid

[ ] Veteran and Vintage Aircraft Leslie Hunt’s amazingly detailed 1974 compendium covering the world’s preserved aircraft, where they are, what’s their status, etc. Very detailed notes for many of the entries, 100s of photos. A gem of a sourcebook. 336pp, sc, index Nice copy. $9.50 A

[ ] The National Air and Space Museum Haber. Wonderful visual spectacle showing the museum’s collection in glorious colour. 128pp, extra-large format, detailed write-ups. Another gem of a museum book, a photographic art event! Very nice copy. $12.00 A

[ ] Modern Commercial Aircraft A delightful and useful 1987 sourcebook by the great Wm Green et al.Very good details with photos, 3-views and cutaways of the main aircraft in use then globally. Beautifully laid out book that will be a delight for year. 208pp, hc, index. Very nice copy. $14.50 A

[ ] Operation Apollo: The Golden Age of the Canadian Navy in the War against Terrorism Gimblett. Canada’s naval deployment to the Arabian Sea following 9/11. 16 warships + 4100 sailors combat world terrorism. 160 pp, 250 photos, charts, maps. New copy. $16.50 A

United States Naval Aviation 1910 – 1980 Official US Navy history, a massive book that’s essential for anyone with an interest. Chronologically arranged with masses of photos and lists. A masterpiece of a book! 546pp, hc, lf. Lovely copy. $24.00 A

[ ] The Evolution of the Cruise Missile Werrell, Air University Press, Maxwell AFB. 286pp, sc, photos, app’x, index. As it says. Begins in WWI to modern days. Rare book, good copy but some loose pages.290pp, sc, photos, dias, app’x, index. $9.00 B

[ ] Douglas F3D Skyknight (“Naval Fighters Number 4”) Beautifully compiled in-depth history of this 2nd generation jet fighter, a type that endured from pre-Korea to Vietnam. All the details pilot report and weaponry incl. of this versatile all-weather interceptor and ECM workhorse. 82pp journal format. Nice copy. $20.00 postpaid

[ ] Flying Magazine November 1966. Special 156 page Vietnam air war edition. Also covers Blue Angels flying the Grumman Tiger. Nice copy $10.00 B

[ ] Air War Vietnam Middleton (1978) A classic study, so a delight to anyone reading in this area. 360pp, photos, maps, charts, gloss, index. VG. $20.00 A

[ ] A Time for War: The United States and Vietnam 1941-1975 Schulzinger. The complete overview of US involvement in SEA from the start, when Ho Chimin was interested in being an alie of the west to the collapse of American power there. Much about the air war. 396pp, sc, photos, notes, biblio, index. Nice copy. $13.50 B

[ ] Last Flight from Saigon Laval (1978). USAF Southeast Asia monograph series. Official history of the last days of the USAF in South Vietnam. 138pp, sc, photos, maps, charts, index. $10.00 B

[ ] Air Force Heroes in Vietnam Schneider (1978). USAF Southeast Asia monograph series. Official history of many USAF personnel. 86pp, sc, photos, maps, charts, gloss, index. $10.00 B

[ ] Gulf War Debrief Morris (1992). Ultimate word on the First Gulf War air campaign. All the resources, bases, order of battle, you name it. 100s of photos, say no more! 224pp, hc, maps, 3-views, app’x, index. Collector’s item … still wrapped. $35.00 A

[ ] Soviet Military Power 1990 9th ed’n of this ever-useful overview of the West’s No.1 potential enemy since 1945. Emphasis on the USSR’s air and missile prowess. Frwd by Sec. Defense Dick Cheny.104pp, lf, sc, photos, charts, index. Nice copy. $14.50 B

[ ] Illustrated Guide to the Canadian Establishment Peter C. Newman’s 1983 blockbuster book about Canada’s wealthiest families (many having aviation interests). From the Bassetts to the Eatons, McCains, Molsons, Richardsons, Siftons, Woodward, etc. This was the book of the year in 1983-84. 408 beautifully laid out pages, magnificent photographic content, app’x, index. A fine copy. $15.00 A

[ ] Water Transportation in Canada McCalla A seminal study of the importance of water transportation to Canada to 1994. The historic context, the geography of it all, then various important case studies incl. the containerization port at Saint John, NB, evolution of the port of Montreal, development of the St. Lawrence Seaway, Vancouver and the future of Arctic sea transportation. Very important & topical material. Many charts, graphs and stats, maps. 260pp, hc, biblio, index. Good copy. $15.00 B

[ ] Time Flies: Heathrow at 60 Alan Gallop’s wonderful 2005 history of this global aviation hub from that days of the Dragon Rapide, Lancastrian, Tudor, Brabazon, Connie and Argonaut through all the subsequent airliners (Comet, 707, Concord, 747, etc.) all the details are here. From the initial sod-busting to how the terminals, airliners and air carriers evolved and came and went at Heathrow. 220pp, hc, photos, index. Like new. $18.50 A

[ ] 1959 Journal RCAF Staff College Very rare item. Published at the end of a year’s study for Course 23 at RCAF Staff College in Toronto. Many papers covering defence topics of Canadian import … global security, US partnership, the “Surprise and Blitzkrieg in Soviet Eyes”, “Limited War Strategy in the Nuclear Era”, “Logistics in the Missile Age”, etc. Student and staff photos. 128pp journal format, many nifty adverts of the day. Lovely copy.$50.00 B

[ ] 1960 Journal RCAF Staff College similar to 1959 $50.00 B

[ ] Canadair Public Relations Press Clippings Internal document, 2kg, cerlox bound covering Canadair from the North Star in 1944 to the CL600 Challenger in 1982. All clippings via Jane’s publications. Only original copy in existence. Very nice condition for a document that was in regualr use for decades in the PR office. $75.00 A

[ ] Canadair Ltd. Summary Corporate Information 28 January 1985 A very rare internal document summarizing the company in such terms as accounting & financial, management & key employees, sales &marketing, engineering & technical resources, R&D, manufacturing & operations current 5-year plan. Nice copy, cover a bit smudged. Cerlox, about 60 pages $75.00 A

[ ] Peacekeeping Intelligence: Emerging Concepts for the Future. Important 2003 compendium re. the importance of “intel” to global peacekeeping operations, where Canada has excelled since 1956. The failures of the past, the goals ahead. Eclectic but fascinating sourcebook. 532pp, hc. Nice copy. $12.50 A

[ ] Woody: A Fighter Pilot’s Album Halliday. Important bio. of the great Canadian WWII ace, Vernon C. Woodward. His life story, especially his years of combat in North Africa, Greece and Crete flying the Gladiator and Hurricane. Canada’s top ace of WWII who had joined the RAF pre-war. A book not to be missed. 144pp, hc, ill, index. Very nice copy. $16.00 B

[ ] In for a Penny In for a Pound Howard Hewer’s wonderful autobio covering his WWII days as a wireless operator in RAF Bomber Command. From training in Canada in the BCATP to ops in Africa on the Wellington. A-1 all the way. 272pp, hc, photos, maps, index. Ace of a book, lovely copy. Autographed copy (signed to Typhoon pilot – the late Bill Breck). $18.50

[ ] Bomber Harris: The Authorized Biography Saward (1984). Important bio by one who spent the war working under the great Arthur Harris – “Bomber Harris” — in Bomber Command HQ. 346pp, hc, photos, maps, index. Very nice copy, includes (loose insert) a copy of a 1982 letter from Harris to the Allied Aircrew Reunion in Toronto. $24.00 B

[ ] Bomber Harris: The Story of Sir Arthur Harris Saward Same book as above but 1985 ed’n with title change. $24.00 B

[ ] The Bomber War: The Allied Air Offensive against Nazi Germany Robin Neillands acclaimed history of this important subject. Massive detail of US daylight and RAF night operations. Many famous raid & campaigns are covered from the initial Luftwaffe blitz to the Dams Raid, Battle of Berlin, Dresden. Much about the German air defences, etc. 448pp, photos, index. Very nice copy $24.00 A

[ ] Bomber Offensive Sir Arthur Harris’ detailed analysis of his own operation – RAF Bomber Command. A superb summary all things considered, but today’s intellectually limited revisionists hate this book. 2nd ed’n 1947. 288pp, hc, map. Fair copy, some pencil markings, no dustjacket. $9.50 B

[ ] The Long and the Short and the Tall: An Ordinary Airman’s War Collins (1986). Acclaimed story of a young man’s wartime years in the RCAF. Training, overseas to the operational world, home again. Sought-after title for readers of WW2 RCAF. 134pp, hc. Like new. $12.00 B

[ ] For Love and Glory: A Pictorial History of Canada’s Air Forces J.A.“Tony” Foster’s quite decent 1989 history of this basic topic. Collector’s item, should be on any fan’s bookshelf. Like new copy. $15.00 A

[ ] Barnstorming to Bush Flying Corley-Smith. Aviation in BC 1910-1930. Terrific coverage civil/military. An exceptionally well done book by a great Canadian aviation pioneer. 244pp, sc, lf, map, photos, charts, notes, app’x, biblio, index. New. $16.00 B

[ ] Charlie Baker George Frank Tibbo’s renowned history of the SABENA DC-4 crash near Gander in 1946. One of the best such books, Frank having tracked down survivors, rescuers and others in this dramatic event (one of the first helicopter rescues). A-1 all the way. 200pp, sc, photos, gloss. $21.50 B

[ ] A Broken Arrow: The Story of the Arrow Air Disaster in Gander, Newfoundland Capt T.C. Badcock’s 1988 look into this infamous event – the mysterious crash of a DC-8 that took 265 lives. 164pp, hc, photos. Very nice copy. Rare item $25.00 B

[ ] Disaster in the Air Brookes Excellent “Ian Allen” series compendium of famous air disasters from the Hindenburg to the B-25 that crashed into the Empire State Building, the failure of the giant Avro Tudor, the loss of a KLM Connie in Scotland and a Flying Tiger DC-6 in New York City. The famous Aloha 737 and many other accidents. 160pp, sc, photos, maps, dias, biblio, index. Nice copy $9.50 B

[ ] The Politics of Canada’s Airlines from Diefenbaker to Mulroney As it says … Garth Stevenson’s detailed analysis. Important background for any researcher. Air Canada vs CPAir, rise of the local carriers, STOL era, etc. 236pp, hc, notes, index. Like new. $16.00 B

[ ] Shutting Down the National Dream Greg Stewart’s best-seller covering the Avro Arrow fiasco. One of the most widely read Arrow titles. 320pp, sc, photos, biblio, app’x, index. GC. Like new. $15.00 A

[ ] An Ancient Air Penrose. Bio of John Stringfellow who experimented in England with flight in the mid-1800s Smithsonian publ’n. 182pp, photos, index. Fine copy. $10.00 B
[ ] Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War Lamberton The great Harleyford title (3rd ed’n 1961) which you’ll know if you’re looking for it. Very nice copy. 222pp, hc, dj, lf, photos, specs, 3-views, app’x, index. $24.00 A

[ ] Wings of War: An Airman’s Diary of the Last Year of the War Translation of German WWI ace Rudolph Stark’s book covering his final year at the front. Full of details about squadron life at JG-35 and deadly aerial combat. Much German vs Allied commentary. The final optimistic German aerial push, but the Allies succeed at long last. 200pp, hc, photos. Like new. $20.00 B

[ ] I flew for the Fuhrer German ace Heintz Knoke’s famous story of his WWII years. His boyhood years then his indoctrination and training in Nazi Germany, and his years flying the Me.109. Much about the war against the US daylight bombers and the daily dogfights with Mustangs, Lightnings, etc. 186pp, hc, photos. Nice copy, 1st ed’n 1953, no dustjacket. $14.00 B

[ ] Fly for Your Life Larry Forrester’s wonderful story of Wing Commander Robert Stanford Tuck, DSO, DFC and Two Bars Forrester (1956, 2nd ed’n). Bio of the incomparable “Tuck”, Battle of Britain and all the rest, a quintessential WWII RAF history. 366pp, hc, photos, no dj. 2nd printing 1956. Nice copy. $16.00 B

[ ] Flight of Eagles: The Story of the American Kosciuszko Squadron in the Polish-Russian War 1919-1920 Karolevitz & Fenn (1974). A masterly piece of work covering a largely forgotten topic. American airmen who could have gone home in 1918 volunteer to help Poland against massive Russian power. 280pp, hc, photos, artwork, maps, biblio, index. A lovely book. $12.50 B

[ ] Men Behind the Medals By renowned Air Commodore G. Pitchfork. Summarized on the dust jacket: “… a timely reminder of the debt we owe to all those gallant airmen…” Pitchfork covers 21 RAF airmen (all Commands and aircraft types) who received various gallantry awards 1939-45. 272pp, hc, photos, index. Nice copy, ex-library. $10.50 B

[ ] Men Behind the Medals Ditto except sc – softcover. Nice copy. $9.50 B

[ ] The Maritime Defence of Canada Sarty. Serious coverage (1996) of this key topic, initially from the 19th Century. Coast artillery since WWI, surface vessel patrols, and anti-submarine/anti-surface vessel air patrols (HS-2L to Liberator) all are included. 222pp, sc, photos, notes, index. Nice copy. $14.50 B

[ ] Defence 1971 Canadian DND 6.5 x 9.5 inch booklet outlining Canada’s present state of defence readiness land, sea & air. Photos. $8.00 postpaid

[ ] B-1B Bomber Lindsay Peacock’s excellent 48-page Osprey monograph. Photos, colour profiles. Nice copy. $8.50 postpaid

[ ] Manned Spaceflight Log Tim Furniss’ outstanding history of this leading topic. Janes 1986 ed’n. From Vostok 1 to STS-51L & Soyuz T-15. All the great history for each mission – the ships and crews, etc. 160pp, sc, lf, photos. New copy $15.00 A

{ } Aviation Record Makers: Innovations in Modern Flight Technology Chant. Excellent overview of developments in main chapters headed “Basic Design and Structure”, “Powerplant” and “Electronics”. Covers a wide range of aircraft programs from the Northrop flying wings to the Mosquito, SR-71, Harrier and Yak-38 VTOLs, AH-64 Apache, L-1011, even the Canadair CL-289 drone.128pp, hc, lf, photos, index. Nice copy $15.00 A

[ ] “Popular Flying” magazine for January 1933 After almost 90 years, not too bad a copy of this renowned UK magazine. Even has a bit of Canadian content. 56 pages $15.00 postpaid

[ ] Encyclopedia of the World’s Civil Aircraft Mondey. Absolutely a wonderful compendium of aircraft, all the essential details for each type. 1981 ed’n, a real beauty. History, photo, 3-views, specs for any type you can mention. A gorgeous, extra-large format book.254pp, hc. Very nice copy. $21.50 A

[ ] World Encyclopedia of Civil Aircraft: From Leonardo Da Vinci to the Present Angelucci. Huge and indispensable title for any broad aviation library. 100s of aircraft described – you name it. 3000 photos and art ill., 3-views. 414pp, biblio, index. Amazing! Very nice copy $17.50 A

[ ] Encyclopedia of World Military Aircraft Vols.1 and 2 Donald & Lake. “World Airpower Journal” series, 1994 ed’n, lovely set of books, collector items. The world’s military a/c with full technical descriptions, specs, 100s of photos and 3-views, 1200+ ill. 448pp, extra large format, index. Set $35.00 A

[ ] Combat Aircraft of the World By the great John W.R. Taylor. Just as it says and what an ace of a book. Most combat planes from WWI to 1969. And … an absolutely beautiful copy of this massive, ever useful book. A real beauty for the aviation bibliophile! Arranged by nation. 646pp, lf, hc, photos, index. $15.00 A

[ ] The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the World’s Rockets & Missiles By the great Bill Gunston. A comprehensive directory and history of the military guided missile systems of the 20th century. 264pp, extra large format, massive treatment, vast photo and diagram content. An example of the all-around beautifully done book. Content arranged by nation, Canada included. Very good copy except for a beat-up dust jacket. $24.00 A

[ ] The Aerospace Chronology Michael J.H. Taylor. As it says, worldwide coverage. Valuable research sourcebook, just a good book to have handy. Earliest times to 1989. 330pp, hc, photos. Nice copy. $12.00 A

[ ] A Love Affair with Flight Ross Smyth’s very well done personal perspective on Canadian aviation. A long-serving airline man, Ross has it very well wired. Great perspectives about such TCA/Air Canada legends as G.R. McGregor and Yves Pratt. Really solid Canadian history! 160pp, sc, photos, index. $14.50 B

[ ] Canadian aerophilatelic item … First Day Cover Sept.4, 1999, commemorating the 50th Ann. of the Canadian International Air Show This is a 4.5 x 7.5 envelope with 4 large-format 46-cent stamps Illustrating the Fokker Triplane, Manfred Radius’ glider, RCAF Vampire (photo by Milberry) and Stearman wingwalker. Very nice item, makes a special little bookmarker. New. $6.00 postpaid

[ ] Salute to Her Most Gracious Majesty Elizabeth II” Canadian Officers and Ex-Officers of the Defence Forces Coronation Tribute June 2nd, 1953 A nice example of this unique 152-page, magazine format honouring Elizabeth II upon her coronation. Includes some excellent history of the RCAF incl. the Womens Division, list of VCs. Loads of good reading! Rare item. $12.00 B

[ ] 125 Years of Canadian Aeronautics: A Chronology 1840-1965 K.M. Molson et al. Famous 1983 CAHS publication. As it says … massive amount of info. 328pages, hardcover, photos galore, index. Essential sourcebook for any Canadian aviation library. Very nice used copy $20.00 A

[ ] Birdman: The Wright Brothers, Glenn Curtiss and the Battle to Control the Skies Beginning with pioneers Lilienthal & Chanute, author Goldstone brings us to the Wrights & Curtiss c1900. They fly America’s first successful powered airplanes, but the Wrights clash with each other, let alone Curtiss. They popularize aviation & become wealthy, but at a huge cost. Their early “rock stars” pilots introduce millions to flight, but by 1912 more than 100 already have died. Airplanes disintegrate, pilots are hurled from their seats, the first fatal bird strike occurs, etc., but the crowds love it. A joy of a read! NEW Copy. $35.00 $24.00 B (Complements Aviation in Canada: The Pioneer Decades, both books $63.50 A)

[ ] Commander in Chief: FDR’s Battle with Churchill 1943 Nigel Hamilton’s detailed explanation of how FDR came up with his own brilliant war-making strategy, especially in the face of Churchill’s dogged opposition to FDR’s proposals for that the Allies not pour too much into Sicily/Italy in 1943, but save their main resources for D-Day. Churchill prevailed in Italy, costing the Allies dearly. A solidly researched theory/book that flies in the face of the usual understandings of Sicily/Italy strategy. 464pp, hardcover, map, notes, index. Very nice copy $14.50 A

[ ] The Great Escape Paul Brickhill’s classic 1950 coverage of Stalag Luft 3, the most famous German POW camp for Allied airmen. You know the movie, but this is the unadulterated book. How 600 airmen, many RCAF included, planned and carried out an extraordinary breakout. Every detail down to the slaughter of 50 escapees. 264pp, sc, photos, index. 264pp, pb NEW copy. $15.95 $12.50 B

[ ] Larry Lesh: The Flying Lad Thiffault. Bio of an incredible innovator. Lesh meets the aeronautical genius, Octave Chanute, then pursues gliding experiments in Chicago and (1907) Montreal. He conducts experiments and flies gliders. On one occasion, the 14-year-old takes off behind a motorboat to spend 24 minutes over the St. Lawrence River. He appears at flying events in the US, becomes an expert in the new art of radio, meets the Wright brothers and Bill Lear + studies the flying wing and other off-beat engineering concepts. When he dies in 1965, Lesh is impoverished. A valuable bio, a case study of the well-researched, well-written book. 186 pp, sc, photos, dias, notes, biblio, index. NEW copy. $25.00 $16.50 B

[ ] All the Fine Young Eagles: In the Cockpit with Canada’s Second World War Fighter Pilots Bashow. As it says. You’ll recognize all the key aces + the fighters they flew. Well written, puts you right there in the cockpit in 1939 and takes you to the bitter end. Captures the spirit and magnitude of the Canadian contribution from Hurricane to Mosquito & in all theatres. Outstanding, exciting stuff, really essential for your bookshelf. 578pp, notes, biblio, photos, index. NEW copy. $29.00 $17.50 B

[ ] The Accidental Airline Spilsbury. Fascinating first-hand account of one of Canada’s important post-WW2 regional airlines, BC’s Queen Charlotte Airlines. Stranraer, Canso, Norseman, DC-3, C-46, etc. Kemano, PWA rivalry, etc. Many wild & crazy adventures along the coast and in the mountains, some terrible results. Solid Canadiana, very readable! Photos. 240 pp, sc, photos, map, index. NEW copy. $18.95 $16.50 B

[ ] Under the Maple Leaf Cothliff. Remarkable adventures of 4 WWII Canadians in Bomber Command – men from different backgrounds who came home with lives much changed. Remarks Fighting High: ‘Ken Cothliff’s book is extremely valuable in telling of Canada’s vital contribution to the air war against Germany.” Another ace of a read! 240pp, hc, photos. NEW copy. $48.50 $32.50 B

[ ] Going Over: A Nova Scotian Soldier in WWI Titus Mossman goes to sea at 13. Toughened up by this, in 1915 he joins the army. All the details of what he experienced, chiefly the horrors of trench warfare in France. Much of Vimy, Passchedaele, Amiens. Titus comes out in Nov. 1918 with the Military Medal and Bar & in the 10% of his regiment still physically unscathed. He returns to sea & dies at 80 in 1974. Says the flap copy, “This dramatic story underscores the close kinship among soldiers, the self-sacrifice … dubious glory of war and the after effects” A superb book for any reader who loves the true story of Canada! 224pp, sc, photos, maps, biblio. NEW copy. $21.95 $17.50 B

[ ] Vimy Pierre Berton’s huge 1986 bestsell. Very well research, readable. A staple for any Canadian following WWI. 336pp, hc, maps, biblio, index.Nice copy. $8.50 B

[ ] For King and Empire: The Canadians at Vimy April 1917: A Social History and Battlefield Tour By Norm Christie of the Canadian War Museum. As it says, a very fine little item that puts the Berton book into perspective for 2020. 108pp, sc, many maps and photos, walking tour fold-out. Nice new copy $14.95 $9.50 B (Both Vimy books $16.00 A)

[ ] From the Klondike to Berlin: The Yukon in World War I How the Yukon responded eagerly to the call to arms in 1914. The wide cross-section of those who fought. All their contributions, heroics, fighting units, etc. Very special Canadian history. 266pp, sc, photos, maps, honour roll, notes, index. NEW copy. $24.95 $21.50 B

[ ] Forever Vigilant Graham Pitchfork’s seminal 100th anniversary tribute to Naval 8/208 Squadron RNAS/RAF, where many Canadian excelled in WWI. Much of the brutal air action “over the front”. The interwar years (Bristol Fighter, Atlas, etc.) then into WWII (Lysander, Hurricane, Spitfire) when Canadians again served 208. Finally, the modern era from Meteor to Hunter & Buccaneer to today’s Hawk. 272pp, hc, photos, app’x, biblio, glass, index. NEW copy. $49.95 $42.50 B

[ ] Airborne: Finding Foxtrot Alpha Mike Jonathan Rotondo’s story of a father-son passion for the sky. Start reading this one and you’ll resist all effort to put it down! A young Italian learns to fly in Kenya, emigrates to Canada, then, how his affair with the tiny Smith biplane C-FFAM impacts the family. Son Jonathan learns to fly in Air Cadets, but “FAM” is sold when his father dies. Years later the Smith is found, but it can never fly again! In the 2000s Jonathan flies his own Smith and one day takes his own son to see the original “FAM”. You’ll really enjoy this gem of a story. 228pp, sc, photos. NEW copy. $22.95 $16.50 B

[ ] Half a Mile in Rain: Word Images from a Life in Flight A delightful new book of poetry by retired airline pilot Dennis Currie. Here’s a unique way to tell the story of Canadian aviation. Dennis comes from the PWA L.100 Hercules world, later rose to the 777 at Air Canada, but always flew light planes, including on BC’s annual north coast herring fishery. Another Canadian aviation gem for the keen reader. 8.5-inch square format, sc, well-illustrated, 144pp. NEW copy $27.50 16.50 B

[ ] A Weary Road: Shell Shock in the Canadian Expeditionary Force 1914-1918 Humphries. As it says — the detailed story of this dreadful phenomenon. The impact on the men (some 16,000 Canadians officially were disgnosed, but nearly everyone at the front had some symptons). What little was known at the time ref. causes/treatment. The general failure of the Army to cope with this type of combat injury. A very important Canadian book. 416pp, hc, photos, biblio, notes, index. Copy is like new $18.50 B

[ ] Bloody April 1917 Franks et al. When the Allies launch a huge offensive on the Arras Front in April 1917, massive air support is needed. Just then the Germans turn the tables by introducing their speedy, 2-gun Albatross DIII. It inflicts huge losses on the Allies’ 1-gun scouts (Nieuport, Pup, Triplane, etc.) and vulnerable Corps aircraft like the BE2. Some 300 aircraft and 250 airmen are lost in a month, briefly crippling the Allied air effort. Each day is reviewed with all the action, losses, victories, etc. Wide Canadian content incl. Barker, Bishop, Breadner, Collishaw, Fall, Leach, Malone. A superb book, complements Fighter Pilots and Observers. 184pp, sc, photos, app’x, index. NEW copy $26.95 NEW copy. $22.50 B

[ ] Black September 1918 Franks et al. Same format and approach as Bloody April. The Allies continue to struggle in the air and face their heaviest losses of the air war – more than 700 aircraft. The Americans have joined the British and French, and new 2-gun Allied scouts show their worth, esp. the Camel and SE5. The Allies finally prevail in the air as the war nears its end. Much analysis, many charts. 280pp, sc, photos, index. Essential for the WWI reader. NEW copy. $29.95 $23.50 B

[ ] The Last Good War The great J.L. Granatstein’s fresh retrospective about Canada at war 1939-45. The war on land, sea, and in the air succinctly treated, highlighted by many exceptional photos. Special recognition of Canadian war art. Stunningly beautiful yet horrifying coverage. 242pp, hc, lf, index. NEW copy $55.00 $36.00 A

[ ] The Unknown Navy: Canada’s World War II Merchant Navy Bob Halford’s renowned tribute to Canada’s 12,000 merchant seamen & their ships. Daily life for these oft-torpedoed sailors. Not to be missed, a rare piece of Canadian history! 288 pp, sc, photos Last chance for this beauty. NEW copy. $19.95, $15.50 B

[ ] August Gales: The Tragic Loss of Fishing Schooners in the North Atlantic 1926 and 1927 Gerald Hallowell recalls gripping tragedies on the Atlantic banks fishery. Brutal gales bring sinkings & misery to Nova Scotia & Newfoundland fishing ports. The racing schooner Columbia is lost in August 1927 with all 24 crew. Thoroughly researched tales of sturdy schoonermen challenging an unforgiving sea. 252pp, sc, photos. NEW copy. $22.95 $17.50 B

[ ] The Road to Russia Edwards. Detailed coverage of the Arctic convoys to Russia of 1942. How three convoys brave Germany’s military might at and below the sea, and in the air, to supply Russia in its time of dire need. One convoy loses 30 ships, another seven. 210pp, map, biblio, index. NEW copy. $29.95 $14.50 B

[ ] Naval Battles of the First World War Bennett. The great battles from Jutland and Zeebrugge to “the Med”, around Africa, as far off as the Falklands and Chile. The Emden’s adventures, etc. Modern reprint of a 1968 classic. 320pp, sc, photos, maps, biblio, index NEW copy. $28.95 $16.50 B

[ ] The Royal Navy and the War at Sea 1914-1919 Grehan & Mace. Very important 21st Century retrospective covering all the great battles, ships, tactics. From Heligoland & Jutland to Zeebrugge & North Russia. 204pp, hc, map, photos, glossary, index. $49.95 $18.50 B (both RN books $30.00 A)

[ ] Shooting Range: Photography and the Great War Henneman. Hundreds of photos showing all aspects of the ground war on various fronts. A tribute in its brutal way to the horrible goings on of a century ago. 220pp, lf, sc, photos, art, text. NEW copy. $39.95 $14.50 A

[ ] Champagne Navy: Canada’s Small Boat Raiders of the Second World War Nolan & Street. All the basic history covering this exciting era where Canadians operated British MTBs and Canadian Fairmiles. Battling E-boats in the Channel, operations in “The Med”, Adriatic, etc. Says the great Donal Graves, “Its dramatic and lively style will provide riveting reading for all those interested in Canadian naval history and fast-paced action at sea.” 260pp, hc, photos, maps, app’x, biblio, index. Nice copy $16.00 B

[ ] Air Battle of the Ruhr: The RAF Offensive March-July 1943 Cooper. The air battle in which thousands of Canadians fought and died in the Wellington, Halifax, Lancaster, etc. Essential WWII reading, one of the best bombing campaign histories. 228pp, sc, photos, app’x, index NEW Copy. $35.00 $14.50 B

[ ] The Royal Air Force in the World War Vol.III 1940-1945 Capt. N. MacMillan, MC, AFC. Detailed summary of the RAF in WWII in “The Med”, Balkans, Mid East, Near East, very detailed coverage. Nice rare copy. 276 pp, hc, photos, index. $20.00 B

[ ] Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces Vol.2, Part 1 Extant Commissioned Ships Invaluable DND resource book, 126 pp, sc, large format. Ill. $40.00 A

[ ] Shoot Down: Flight 007 and the American Connection. R.W. Johnson’s history of this amazing Russian screw-up (and international disaster) shooting down KAL 007. 336pp,hc, notes, maps, photos, index. Very nice copy $15.00 B

[ ] The Norman Flayderman Collection of Vintage Aviation Memorabilia, Tuesday, November 14, 2000 in San Francisco A magnificent catalogue from this huge auction. Beautifully produced 280pp, lf, sc, colour catalogue listing and showing 100s of items for sale up to a complete JN-4 Jenny. Very rare collector item. Google “Auction of Legendary Dealer Norm Flayderman Brings $1.1M” $50.00 A

[ ] Air Canada Horizons Very nice collection of 36 copies of this highly informative and historic Air Canada employees/retirees broadsheet. Av. 24-28 pages, many key photos of Air Canada’s people, places, events, planes. Nice condition 1998-2002 editions. Collection only $60.00 A

[ ] Aviation Safety Reports A small NTSB collection of original reports. Accident synopses 1-2 pages each: Crash of Skyways Int’l DC-7C Florida 21—6-1974; APLC Super Constellation Miami 15-12-1973; USA annual airline accidents – summary for 1977. More detailed reports: Mid-air collision UAL DC-8 & TWA Super Connie NYC 16-12-1960 (30 pages); Crash of Delta DC-7C Memphis 13-1-1963 (12 pages); Crash of Aerotransportes CL-44 Miami 27-9-1975 (20 pages); Crash of AA DC-10 Chicago 25-5-1979 safety recommendations only (6 pages); Canadian Aviation Safety Board info brochures c1990 $20.00 A

[ ] Aviation Safety Reports A small collection of 24 original misc. (1988-99) Transport Canada Aviation Safety newsletters. $12.00 A

[ ] Misc. Airliner Collector Bonanza (collection only): Passenger safety briefing cards: Air Canada L1011, Air Canada DC-8L, Air Canada Boeing 767-300, CP Air 747 (old), Norcanair F-27; Air Canada beautiful big fold-out of all routes 1971; ”In the Air Everywhere – Fly CPA” 16-page 8×10 colour CPA promo piece with route maps, DC-8 cut-away, photos, etc; CPA System Timetable 27-10-1968; 1974 “CP Air World Route Map Book” 8×10 24 pages colour; “In Flight CPAir” similar 1975; CP Air in flight entertainment brochure c1974; 4-page 8×10 card stock brochure introducing the L1011; “Allegheny and Delta Jet-Age Partners 6-panel colour fold-out DC-9/880 era; 16-page 6×9 KLM colour promo piece DC-8 era; 2 mint condition Air Canada ticket folders c1970; Northeast Airlines System Timetable 16-2-1969; Northeast Airlines System Timetable 30-4-1972; North Central Airlines System Timetable 12-6-1970; Aerolineas Argentinas int’l timetable 16-12-1968; Aerolineas Argentinas int’l timetable 28-10-1973; Aerolineas Argentinas int’l timetable 1-4-1975; LAN Chile Timetable 5-3-1969; BOAC VC-10 foldout promo brochure 1966; Northeast Airlines charge card application brochure 727 era; National Airlines System Timetable 1-3-1969; MALEV system timetable 1969-70; All Nippon Airways 28-page 8×10 colour booklet L1011 era; “Story of Fight and Air Transportation” Huge United Air Lines colour fold-out, as it says; “The Shape of Our Future, Air New Zealand’s Big 10” Another huge colour fold-out introducing the DC-10 to ANZ; “Public Transportation to and from Toronto International Airport” 8-panel colour brochure c1975; Postcards: KLM DC-8; Air Canada DC-8, Air Canada DC-9, Air Canada 747-200, CP Air Stretched DC-8, CP Air 727, CP Air 747, Delta DC-8, BOAC 707, BOAC VC-10, Br. Caledonian 707, Cathay 880, Western 707, Iberia DC-8, Air New Zealand DC-8, Zambia BAC111, Royal Air Maroc Caravelle, Zambia HS748. All items in good to fine condition, just a fantastic treasure trove for the airliner collector. $150.00 all-in

Previously Listed New & Used

[ ] Instruments, Switches, Radios & Rudders: True Stories from the Great White North and Beyond Pilot & air engineer, Sam Cole edges along from Cessna to Norseman, DC-3 & HS748. In an engaging style Sam describes the endless uses of northern aviation: hauling groceries & fuel to traders on distant reserves, supporting tourism, hauling smelly fish by the ton, supporting forest fire ops, mineral exploration, etc. Tales about ops at -40. Tribute is given to the great engines — the R-985 engine (Beaver & Beech), R-1340 (Otter) & R-1830 (DC-3). Sam’s often on the move – OCA, Bradley, Austin Airways, etc., so he cuts a bit of a swath. Includes the “characters” who typify life in the bush. Harrowing accidents and rescues also covered. It’s all done in the best style of the professional bush pilot (to keep it authentic, it’s a bit rough on the literary edges). Sam finishes with his move into “civilization” to Wardair, Japan Airlines, etc. This is “the whole 9 yards”! 234 pages, sc, photos, app’x, glos. New but one corner slightly dinged. Reg. $35.00, this copy $18.00 B

[ ] The Interstellar Age: The Story of NASA Men and Women Who Flew the Forty-Year Voyageur Mission Planetary scientist and space flight historian Jim Bell describes the Voyageur mission from conception to the point where decades later when the Voyageurs are 12+ billion miles from earth and still “alive”. $21.95, but this new copy $12.50 B

[ ] Canada’s Air Forces on Exchange Milberry. A gem for any serious RCAF reader. Canadians on duty with foreign air arms – talk about subject matter, eh! From Barker, VC, on patrol in Iraq in 1925, to Canadians flying such interwar types as the Singapore & Gauntlet to post-WWII UK exchanges on the Meteor, Lightning, Shackleton, Comet, etc. In the US on the WB-47, F-104, F-105, F-106, C-97, C-17 + exchanges in Australia, Germany, Norway, Venezuela. You’ll be astounded at the adventures, everything from ditching in a Hastings to ejecting from an F-105 and (inadvertently) from a Canberra! Writes Bob Merrick in COPA Flight: “Truly an enlightening book … Those pondering the ideal Christmas gift for your local Fireside Aviator need look no farther.” 320 pp, hc, lf, 400 b/w & colour photos, lists, gloss, biblio, index. Very nice copy $18.50 A

[ ] Cleared for Takeoff the 8×10 20-page VIP program for opening day June 17, 1986 for Canada’s National Aviation Museum. Detailed history of the museum, photos. Includes a separate gilt invitation. $20.00 B

[ ] Service is Our Business 38-page 1947 Canadian P&W magazine format special publication. Intro letter by the great James Young. Mainly a photo album showing details of how the plant in Longueuil then was operating, what products, etc. Very nice copy. $25.00 B

[ ] 50 Years in Progress in Flight Training and Private Flying 40-page program for the RCAFA’s 50th AGM held in Toronto 1979. Regional reports + the association’s corporate overview, very detailed. Excellent copy $30.00 B

[ ] The Aerospace Capability Framework: A Guide to Transform and Develop Canada’s Air Force 120-page White Paper type document describing the Air Force at the time + predicting and suggesting future developments. Very detailed analysis, 1st ed’n 2003, like new. $15.00 B

[ ] Canadian Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Introduction to the Facilities and Operation A beautiful 14-page 8×11 booklet c1960 designed to brief new employees + visitors to the plant in Longueuil. Basic history & current status as the PT6 was being developed. Very nice copy $25.00 B

[ ] Trans-Canada Air Lines Systems Timetable Set of 6 of these beautiful souvenirs from the 1956-58 era of the DC-3, Viscount, North Star and Super Connie. If you’re old enough, you’ll remember these beautiful foldout publications. These are all “The Maple Leaf Route” timetables covering domestic, USA, Bermuda-Caribbean, UK-Europe. Very nice examples. These are for the collector, or will make very exotic gifts for any aficionado. Set only $45.00 B

[ ] Canadian Geographical Journal Royal Visit Number 1939 A very rare copy of this issue featuring full coverage (100+ pages) of this huge Canadian event of 1939. Very nice copy, wonderful photos and text. $40.00 B

[ ] Canada’s Aircraft Industry Text of Address by W.J. McDonough President of Central Aircraft Mfg Co. Ltd. McDonough (see Aviation in Canada: The Formative Years) was one of C.D. Howe’s lead aircraft industry moguls in WWII. He gave this talk to the Society of Automotive Engineers on November 15, 1944 in Toronto at the Royal York Hotel. 12-page pamphlet, very detailed, inside info of the day. Almost perfect copy, I’ve never seen another copy of this speech. $15.00 postpaid

[ ] Air Museum of Canada Calgary Canada Very rare 1965 14-page program for the 1965 Calgary Air Show “Presented by the Air Museum of Canada”. Profiles of the nascent museum’s aims and initial collection (Lysander, Spitfire, Mosquito, etc.). The museum’s history and goals are described, even its initial struggles. Air displays listed include Mustang, Hurricane, Vampire, T-33, C-130, CF-104, B-52, F-89, Vulcan. Nice copy $25.00 postpaid

[ ] Northern Aerial Minerals Exploration Limited A beautiful 58-page Morocco-bound 6×9 inch NAME publication chiefly outlining how this pioneer company used aircraft to push into the Arctic exploring for gold etc. beginning in 1928 (see Aviation in Canada: The Formative Years). Charts, maps, many photos. Intro by the great Jack Hammell, one of Canada’s kings of mining in the early 20th Century. Rare item in excellent condition but missing map insert at the back. Few copies in existence. $75.00 B

[ ] 80 Years of Powered Flight in Canada 1909-1989 Rare 26-page special Oerlikon Aerospace publication featuring many outstanding Canadian aviation success (and other efforts) over the decades. Photos. Very nice copy $16.00 postpaid

[ ] Skill and Devotion P.E. Butcher’s personal memoir of No.2 Sqn RFC in WWI Superb coverage of life at the front for a Corps squadron flying the BE2, FE2, etc. $12.00 B

[ ] Journal of the American Aviation Historical Society –-many annual sets available from 1960s for this invaluable publication (1999, 2000, 2001 no longer available). Let me know what years you need and I’ll get back to you. Ea. annual set of 4 $25.00 B Also available in annual sets mainly 1950s-90s: Canadian Aviation Historical Society, Flying Magazine, Cross & Cockade UK + USA, Aeroplane, Aviation News, Flypast, Scale Models/Scale Models Int’l, Scale Aviation Modeller. Let me know which issues you need and I’ll get back to you. Good prices available.

[ ] Propliner 2018 Annual Developments with the Avro 748, Beech 18, DC-3, Electra, F-27, PBY, etc. Special features covering Air North of Whitehorse, Sproat Lake (Mars, Goose, Beech 18) and the ubiquitous AN-12, DC-6 happenings in Hawaii, BOAC’s Constellation fleet, final days of the Neptune fire bomber, what one Otter is doing in the South Pacific, Convair operations in New Zealand, the story of a renowned DC-4 & an airworthy C-97G. You’ll enjoy every page. 132pp. Fresh copy $25.00 B

[ ] Flight Information Manual Canada Min. of Transport 1971 hardbound ed’n. 9 chapters, 500 pages, diagrams galore. Nice copy $18.00 A

[ ] Observers Book of Aircraft series: 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974. Also “Basic Aircraft Civil for 1967, and Basic Aircraft Military for 1967. All nice copies. Each $10.00 B

[ ] Canada’s Air Force at War and Peace, Vol. 3 First book dedicated to the postwar RCAF. Beginning with late 1945 you’ll see how Canada disposes of 1000s of aircraft. Next? The built-up to Korea & Cold War with Vampires, Sabres, CF-100s; North Stars, C-119s; Lancasters, Neptunes, Argus; Harvards, T-33s. R&D, CF-105 coverage. 100s of photos from the 1950s-70s. Wrote Air Pictorial: “Milberry has excelled in this volume by combining riveting personal experiences from air & ground crews with an unrivalled selection of illustrations… rarely does a book so handsomely exceed the most sanguine expectations …” Adds reader Bernie Pregler: “I started reading Vol.3 and was reminded of W.B. Yeats poem — ‘When you are old and gray and nodding by the fire, take down this book and read — and dream…'” 520 pp, 1500+ photos, 250,000 words, 9×12 lf, hc, glos, biblio, index. Sticker price $85.00 Clean new copy, just missing half-title page. $25.00 A

[ ] Sixty Years: The RCAF and CF Air Command 1924-1984 Milberry. Still the best ever single-source RCAF history book. More than 22,000 RCAF veterans & fans have ordered their copies. Early days, interwar, WWII, postwar to modern. 800+ photos, 95 colour profiles. Notes Aircraft Illustrated: “one of those all-too rare aviation books … a delight to read and a joy to possess and to treasure… superbly produced and printed and is likely to become a classic collectors’ item … a masterpiece.” 480 pp, lf, hc, app’x, biblio, chron, index. Signed copy, like new. $20.00 A

[ ] Between the Lines: Canadians in the Service of Peace John McQuarrie’s fine tribute to Canadians on peacekeeping postings from Somalia to Kuwait, Croatia, Cyprus, etc. Spectacular is the word for John’s book! 184pp, hc, lf, photos, app’x. Nice copy. $15.50 A

[ ] Creation of a National Air Force Douglas, Greenhous, et al. Vol.II and the rarest of this great triumvirate of RCAF history books. Covers the interwar years and the wartime homefront including the U-boat war. 796 pp, hc, 200 photos, maps, foldouts. Essential to any Canadian av’n library. VG. $30.00 A

[ ] Barker, VC Wayne Ralph’s acclaimed history of Canada’s most important WWI fighter pilot. The research shows this “Air VC” bio. for what it is — A+. 336 pp, sc, photos, app’x, biblio, index. New copy. $18.00 B

[ ] Light and Water: A Study of Refexion and Colour in River, Lake and Sea Pollock. This original 1903 gem of a book is intended for artists, art lovers and art students. The subject is as it says. 116 pages, hc, dias, photos. Very nice copy. Signed “To Reginald from Jesse 1920 Most important for painting water”. 1903 edition (there are lots of cheap reprints out there, this one’s strictly for the collector). $45.00 A

[ ] The Genius of Color Photography Roberts. Begins with 19th Century concepts to the present. Very important book for photographers at any level. In-depth, authoritative text + many significant colour reproductions. Beautifully produce. 256pp, lf, sc. New. $12.50 A

[ ] U.S. Civil Aircraft Juptner’s renowned 9-volume set, original 1962 edition. A beautiful set, esp. being a first printing. Each vol. about 250 pp with photos. All the details foe every airplane type to 1962 licenced in the USA. Set only $200.00 A

[ ] Thompson Trophy Race: The Pilots and Planes of America’s Air Racing Glory Days 1929-1949 Roger Huntington’s respected 1989 history of this beloved era. 190pp, sc, photos, app’x, index. Nice copy $22.50 A

[ ] J.P. Bickell: The Life, the Leafs and the Legacy Bio of the great Canadian who started in grain c.1900, then got into mining, eventually building McIntyre Mines into Canada’s top gold producer. He acquires the Toronto Maple Leafs, and his role in aviation is outstanding, whether pioneering in corporate aviation (Grumman Goose, etc.), getting Lancasters built at Malton or backing Avro Canada from 1945. An important book about a Canadian business icon. 238pp, hc, photos. List $24.95 $16.50 A

[ ] Air Power Key to Survival Alexander Seversky’s seminal treatise current to the Korean War (1950 ed’n). 126pp, magazine format. Decent but well used (marked up) copy. Maps, dias. $6.50 B

[ ] Lords of the Sky: Fighter Pilots and Air Combat from the Red Baron to the F-16 Hampton. Major analysis and a simply wonderful book about the fighter pilot since 1914. The evolution of the profession – aircrew, planes, tactics. Invaluable sourcebook. 622pp, hc, photos, biblio, notes, index. $35.00 spec. Fine copy $14.00 A

[ ] Complete Catalogue of Victor Records for 1946-47 As it says, very nice copy for the collectors. 340pp sc $15.00 B

[ ] 45e Anniversaire de la 425 Escadrille Alouette Vice nice copy (in French) of 425’s 45th Anniversary 1942-87 held at Bagotville. 45 pp, photos. Collector item. $15.00 B

[ ] Carl F. Burke, MBE: Canadian Aviation Pioneer Solid bio of the legendary aviator who founded Maritime Central Airlines. From Moth to DC-3, C-46, York. DEW Line contracts, pioneer trans-Atlantic charters, the CF-MCF disaster, etc. Author Allan MacNutt was one of the earliest post-WWII Canadian aviators to write aviation history and dare to self-publish. 204 pp, sc, photos, maps, fleet list, index. New. $7.50 B

[ ] The Fierce Light: The Battle of the Somme July – November 1916 Powell. A must-have book covering this seminal battle of WWI. Mainly comprises personal writings from men taking part at this blood bath. 310pp, sc, maps, biblio, index. New. $24.95 $15.50 B

[ ] The Last of the Ebb: The Battle of Aisne 1918 Rogerson Reprint of 1918 original covering one of the last great WWI battles. Says “The Times”, “Rogerson opens what is new ground … a graphic account of the tragic involvement of four British divisions in the disaster …” 148pp, sc, photos, maps. New $18.95 $12.50 B

[ ] Flying to Victory: Raymond Collishaw and the Western Desert Campaign 1940-1941 M. Bechthold. Canada’s great WWI ace commands the RAF desert air force in the rough and tumble early days of the war from Egypt across to Libya, etc. A war of Gladiators and a few Hurricanes against a capable (contrary to mythology) Italian force supplemented by the Luftwaffe. How Collishaw fared & was recalled, dirty politics in the RAF, etc. 280 pages, hardcover, photos, notes, biblio and index. New copy. $50.00 B

[ ] Death from the Heavens: The History of Strategic Bombing Werrell. In-depth coverage from the Naval Institute Press. From WWI to interwar developments, WWII all sides, and into the Cold War. All the tactics, aircraft, results. A classy book with lots to say. 334pp, lf, hc, photos, notes, index. New. $49.95, $16.50 A

[ ] The Colditz Story Reid. History of this infamous German “lock up” for unruly WWII POWs (Canadians included) as told by an inmate. 208pp, sc, ill. $15.00 $10.50 B

[ ] Operation Sea Lion: How Britain Crushed the German War Machine’s Dreams of Invasion in 1940 McKinstry. How Germany planned to complete its European conquest by invading the UK. Groundbreaking material covering 6 months in 1940 when Britain teetered. Churchill’s rise + victory in the Battle of Britain showed the nation that it could beat Naziism. Sea Lion fails. 486pp, sc, photos, notes, biblio, index. New copy. $24.95 $15.00 B

[ ] The Flight 981 Disaster: Tragedy, Treachery and the Pursuit of Truth The early DC-10 disasters. Things hit the headlines on June 12, 1972, when American Flt96 survived near-disaster crashed over Windsor, Ontario. Said the NTSB “The improper engagement of the latching mechanism for the aft bulk cargo compartment door during the preparation of the airplane for flight. The design characteristics of the door latching mechanism permitted the door to be apparently closed when … the latches were not fully engaged, and the latch lockpins were not in place.” Then, a Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed in Paris – at the time the world’s worse loss of life in an airline accident. Cause? Same. If you follow airline and airliner history, you’ll want this gem of a research effort. The DC-10 survived these early woes to become a great jetliner. 232 pages, hc, notes, index. $15.00 B

[ ] The Tools of War 1939/45 and a Chronology of Important Events Large format softcover about the basic weapons of war – land, sea & air – as used by Canada in WWII. Very decent general treatment, nice copy. 96 pages. $8.50 A

[ ] Flight Guide Airport and Frequency Manual Central and Eastern US 1973 & 1974 editions. 5×5 inch pocket editions. Nice copies. Pair only … $12.00 A

[ ] Boeing B-47 Stratojet Osprey series. Magnificent history of this iconic Cold War bomber. A real beauty by the great Lindsay Peacock. 198pp, lf, sc, wonderful photos, app’x, gloss, index. Nice copy $18.00 A

[ ] Dreadnought: Britain, Germany and the Coming of the Great War Massie. Renowned history, essential to understanding WWI. All the great players, including the weirdly interbred potentates – King George V, the Kaiser, the Czar. All the details of the arms race leading to 1914. A wonderful study, you’ll be a contented reader with this massive book. Noted Newsweek, “Urgently readable … the work of a master of narrative history.” 1006pp, hc, photos, map, notes, index. Nice copy. $15.00 A

[ ] Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal 50th Anniversary NRC Institute for Aerospace Research Very nice copy of this 350-page Sept. 2001 ed’n (Vol.47 No.3). More than 25 research papers are included, special item ref. advanced aerospace research in Canada. $15.00 B

[ ] Courage of the Early Morning: The Story of Billy Bishop The bio of W.A. Bishop, VC, Canada’s renowned WWI fighter pilot. Beautifully authored by the great man’s son, Arthur (himself a WWII Spitfire pilot). Nice enough hardcover edition (corners aren’t perfect on the covers, also no dust jacket). If you don’t have one, here’s a good opportunity, since few WWI air combat books capture the essence of it all as well as this one. 210pp, hc (no dust jacket), photos, index. $12.50 B

[ ] Arrowhead Tribune No.1 Fighter Wing RCAF 16-page reunion programs covering the 2005 and 2006 reunions held in Marville, France. Each with photos and detailed background, attendee lists, etc. Pair only $10.00 all-in

[ ] Canada DND press releases, etc. covering the 1983 USAF Cruise Missile Tests involving CFB Cold Lake. Background info about the program, base, missile, CF-18, CC-137 aerial tanker, and B-52 launch aircraft. Nice package. Rare item these days. $8.00 B

[ ] Royal Air Force Yearbook 1983-1986 Beautifully-produced larger format hardcover with all the past and present content you’d be looking for to 1986. Photos, cutaways, colour profiles, etc. Like new. $15.00 A

[ ] Airspeed 48-page 2009 Canadian Int’l Airshow Program, Special ed’n for 100th ann. of powered airplane flight. Nice copy $15.00 B

[ ] Flying Magazine Aviation Past, Present and Future Special 400+ page 50th Ann. (of Flying) ed’n September 1977. Masses of photos and special contributions form such luminaries as Isaac Asimov, Richard Back and Ernest Gann. Nice copy, bit of wear but well worth having. $8.00 B

[ ] Boeing Commercial Airplane Group Jet Airplane Orders and Deliveries 1993 Year End Official Boeing 16-page document. Includes all the types and operators. Numbers and dates galore. Comparative stats going back with Boeing to 1955. Very nice copy. $12.00 all-in

[ ] 34th Annual Report (1968) Air Transport Association of Canada Detailed 26-page 8×10 booklet. Includes all the basic stats – revenue, expenses, employment, a/c registered, no. pilots, accidents, 10 pages of members, payrolls, passengers, freight tonnage, some hand notes at end on “Notes” page. Nice copy $15.00 B

[ ] Confederate Air Force November 15, 1966 Official Progress Report Very nice copy 6-page 7×9 inch As it says a general overview from the CAF at Rebel Field Mercedes, Texas $8.00 all-in

[ ] Canadian Aviation Safety Board Annual Report 1988 As you would expect. Very detailed, many charts, graphs, photos. 116-page 8×11 format, bilingual. Very nice copy $8.00 B

[ ] Sabre Re-Dedication 10-page 8×10 program covering the re-dedication by 428 Wing AFAC at Peterborough Ontario on June 6, 2009 of Sabre 23428. Very nice collectable, good copy $8.00 B

Water Trails West: The Western Writers of America Lovely history of the waterways of the American West in pioneer days, contributions from numerous renowned historians. Great Lakes, Mississippi, Red River, the Columbia, etc. 270 pages, 150 archival photos. Nice copy. $15.00 A

Miscellaneous New Copies

[ ] Lost: Unsolved Mysteries of Canadian Aviation Matheson. Top coverage of this theme including such famous crashes and disappearances as the Flying Bank Robber, Johnny Bourassa, Chuck McAvoy and Bill Barilko. Also … the long-distance flier Levanevsky, crashes of a TCA Lodestar and North Star in the BC mountains, etc. 224pp, sc, photos, index. $21.95 $19.50 B

[ ] Final Descent: The Loss of the Flagship Erie zRobert Schweyer’s outstanding history of the 1941 crash in S. Ontario of an American Airlines DC-3 – Canada’s and American’s worst air disaster to date. In-depth research including interviews with people involved and survivors’ descendants. Masterly. 122pp, sc, photos, map, biblio, index. $18.50 B

[ ] Chatham: An Airfield History Lee. Essential for the RCAF history reader. Chatham’s beginnings as a WW2 training base with Fleets and Ansons plus “ops” (Hudson U-boat patrols). Postwar with Vampires, then Sabres. Chatham as the RCAF’s Sabre training base and home to the Golden Hawks. Voodoos & CF-5s follow – 416 & 434 sqns. Tracadie Range & satellite tracking base. Chatham closes 1988 … what does the future hold? Essential for any RCAF library. 116pp, sc, lf, photos, maps, app’x. $24.50 A

[ ] Aviators and the Academy: Early Aeronautics in Canada Scotland & Soye. 2015 collector edition celebrating a special exhibit at Toronto’s Thomas Fisher Rare Books Library. Canada’s huge WWI role training air & ground crew for the Royal Flying Corps + manufacturing Curtiss JN-4 trainers. The postwar scene with great Canadian airmen doing air displays; the German war prize aircraft in Canada (Fokker D-VII etc) and the “Imperial Gift” that enabled Canada to build a post-WWI airforce. 106pp, sc, lf, photos, gloss, biblio. $31.50 B

[ ] Tirpitz: The Life and Death of Germany’s Last Super Battleship Zetterling & Tamelander. The great ship on the prowl, victories, Norway, final demise. Fresh look at this great episode. 340pp, hc, app’x, biblio. $32.95 $14.50 B

[ ] Achtung Panzer!: The Development of Tank Warfare The master Heinz Guderian’s own thesis of the specialized use of armoured vehicles in modern warfare. He argues (in 1937) how vital these would be in the conduct of the coming war. Less than 2 years later, Blitzkrieg proves him right 220pp, sc, maps, photos, dia, index. $19.95 $12.50 B

[ ] Brief History of Medieval Warfare: The Rise and Fall of English Supremacy at Arms 1314-1485 Reid. Essential reading about the evolution of warfare and the English peoples. Covers a period of almost non-stop warfare among the English, Scots, French and their varied hangers-on. Wonderful but brutal reading. 560pp, sc, ill, maps, gloss, biblio, index. $18.95 $12.50 B

[ ] Our Atlantic Attempt Pioneer aviators Hawker and Grieve set out before anyone in 1919 to fly non-stop more than 1700 miles from Newfoundland to Ireland. After making 1000+ miles they end “in the drink”, but miraculously are rescued by a passing ship. This important book (first published in 1919) describes an enormous feat of courage and airmanship. Solid aviation reading. 118pp, sc, photos, dia, $19.95 $12.50 B

[ ] Isn’t This All Bloody: Scottish Writing from the First World War More solid culture – we all need a little. Historian Trevor Royle presents a range of military material by Scottish writers – poetry, fiction, news, letters, etc., showing how the war affected everyone not just in the trenches but (often pathetically so) at home. Literary resistance arose, so did Scottish nationalism, once the whole mess ended. Such legendary writers as John Buchan (The Thirty-Nine Steps, etc.) with his “War in the Air” essay. 306pp, hc, table of contents, biblio. $24.95 $12.50 B

[ ] Fire and Movement: The British Expeditionary Force and the Campaign of 1914 Hart. A modern re-take of this much-studied year of war. Hart covers false or insupportable versions of events, e.g, “allows for a fuller appreciation of the full role of the French Army without whom the key victory of the Battle of the Marne never would have been won”. Solid history. 480pp hc photos, notes, index. $37.00 $15.00 B

[ ] Pirate Nation: Elizabeth I and Her Royal Sea Rovers Childs. Major work covering this storied era of sea power and global trade under the great Elizabeth. 16th century piracy with all the great contenders – Drake, Hawkins, Raleigh, Frobisher, many others. Elizabeth’s great rivalries with the Dutch, Portuguese and Spanish. The battle for the New World. Enlightening and greatly entertaining, will get you hooked on this era. 278pp, hc, maps, photos, app’x, index. $42.95 CANAV price $14.50 A

[ ] The Churchills in Love and War Lovell. Another magnificent scholarly yet readable book for Churchill fans. As the flap copy notes, “[Churchill’s] failures and triumphs are revealed in the context of a poignant and sometimes tragic private life… Lovell has created a page-turner that is both magisterial and intimate.” 624pp, hc, photos, app’x, notes, index. New copy. $40.00 $16.50 A

Other Nice Used Copies

[ ] Air International Case bound 6-monthly editions. You know this wonderful journal. If you are missing any, these numbers are available: 7, 9 to 15, 20 to 31. Each 12.00 A

[ ] Air Enthusiast These special editions available: Nos.17, 22 to 30, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40 Each $12.00 B

[ ] The Few: The American Knights of the Air … in the Battle of Britain Kershaw. As it says, the “Yanks” flying Hurricanes & Spitfires over the southern UK in 1940. Like new copy. 300pp, photos, index. $13.50 B

[ ] Aviation Record Breakers: Innovations in Modern Flight Technology C. Chant. As it says, very nice hardcover. 128 pp, lf, photos, index $15.00 A

[ ] The Great Warplanes of the 1980s A classic Bill Yenne book, as you’d expect. 112pp, hc, lf, photos index. GC $12.50 A

[ ] Defence 1971 Standard annual Canadian DND “White Paper” sort of 6×8 booklet. Typical of “the way ahead” DND publications 74 pages, photos, very nice copy $6.50 B

[ ] Airliners from 1919 to the Present Day Munson One of the lovelier books in this genre. 352pp, hc, colour profiles, index. Very nice copy $12.50 A

[ ] Civil Aircraft Markings A John W.R. Taylor mini-classic 164pp pocket book style, the world airline fleets, photos. Nice item $6.50 B

[ ] Membership Directory International Aerobatic Club 1973 56 page booklet. Names by region, all of Canada included. $6.00pp

[ ] The World’s Fighting Planes Third and Completely Revised Edition Green & Pollinger. Excellent 1959 small format hardcover with all the info you’d expect of these famous authors. 240pp, hc, photos, index. Nice copy but no dust jacket $9.50 B

[ ] Canada Department of Transport Civil Aviation Branch Flying Training Manual 1st ed’n 1959 very nice example of this 112 page booklet. Owner’s name on cover. $10.00 B

[ ] Airspeed Special Anniversary Edition 2009 program for the Canadian International Airshow 100th ann. of flight ed’n. As you’d expect 48-page large format magazine. Nice copy $8.50 B

[ ] Encyclopedia of US Military Aircraft 1908 to April 6, 1917 Vol.3 Curtiss J, N, JN-2, JN-3 and JN-8 One of R.B. Casari’s detailed profiles 74-page 1972 profile with photos, drawings, charts. $10.00 pp

[ ] The Planes the Aces Flew Morgan & Shannon Vol.1 from the “Famous Aircraft Series”. This volume from Spaad to F-86. 55pp, hc, lf. Very nice copy $9.50 A

[ ] Terrible, Swift Sword: Union Artillery, Cavalry and Infantry 1861-1865 Langellier. From the “Illustrated History of the American Soldier, His Uniform and His Equipment” series 72pp 7×10 format, sc, loads of archival photos + artwork. New copy $7.50 B

[ ] Fix Bayonets: The US Infantry from the American Civil War to the Surrender of Japan Langellier. From the “Illustrated History of the American Soldier, His Uniform and His Equipment” series 72pp 7×10 format, sc, loads of archival photos + artwork. New copy $7.50 B

[ ] Mountain Men: The Remarkable Climbers and Determined Eccentrics Who First Scaled The World’s Most Famost Peaks Conefrey & Jordan2001. As it says. For the reader of outdoor adventures. 280pp, sc, photos, biblio, index Nice copy $6.50 B

[ ] Another Icarus: Percy Pilcher and the Quest for Flight Jarrett 1987 Like Stringfellow, Pilcher pioneered in IK aeronautics, but later in the 19th century. Another Smithsonian publication, so it’s solid! 226pp, hc, photos, maps, index. Nice copy $10.00 B

[ ] Warrior Race: A History of the British at War James (2001). As it says … mammoth coverage. Roman times, wars of empire to WWI, WWII, Cold War, Falklands, Gulf War I. “Impeccably researched, expertly written” – Sunday Telegraph. 864pp, hc, biblio, index. New. $14.50 A

[ ] Aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm A 4-panel, 8-page cardstock fold-out illustrating (in paintings) these aircraft from 1910 to 1980. Rare item. $10.00 B

[ ] Toronto No Mean City Eric Arthur’s renowned 1964 urban case study. Nothing need be said if you’re after this one or just follow urban history. 314pp, soft cover ed’n, photos, diagrams, biblio, app’x, index. Very nice copy $15.00 A

Other New Copies

[ ] Blitz: The Story of December 29, 1940 Gaskin. The Blitz at its most fearsome — the night the Luftwaffe tried to raze London. Says the flap copy, “Through first hand accounts, diaries, reminiscences, letters and newspaper reports … see and feel what those on whom the bombs fell heard saw and felt … an immersion in history as it was lived hour by hour”. Luftwaffe bombers vs RAF night fighters. 430pp, hc, photos, map, index. $27.00 $14.50 B

[ ] Monty and Rommel: Parallel Lives Caddick-Adams. Major study of these two huge names in WWII generalship. Who each man was, his road to success, how they came army-to-army, and how it all panned out for each. A serious study. 610pp, hc, photos, maps, notes, chron, index. $42.00 $18.50 B

[ ] El Alamein 1942 Battistelli Solid coverage of this great WWII battle in the Libyan desert. Monty vs Rommell. 160pp, hc, photos, maps, biblio, index. $15.00 $9.50 B

[ ] Hughes: The Private Diaries, Memos and Letters: The Definitive Biography of the First American Billionaire Hack. Amazing story of HH. Much of his life with all its “firsts” incl. “Spruce Goose”. His many other interests – submarines, satellites, babes, etc. 444pp, hc, photos, notes, biblio, index. $35.00 $10.00 B

[ ] Unfriendly Skies: Revelations of a Deregulated Airline Pilot Dodson (1989). Airline safety and all such topics in the post-dereg world. Not to unnerve you, but … 236pp, hc. VG. $8.00 B

[ ] Wild Bill Donovan: The Spymaster Who Created the OSS and Modern American Espionage Waller. A wonderful bio about one of the great behind-the-scenes Allied figures of WWII. Finishes at Nuremberg and the opening of the Cold War. Important history and a great read for cheap! NEW 466pp, sc, photos, notes, biblio, index. $16.00 $9.50 B

[ ] Backwater War: The Allied Campaign in Italy 1943-45 Hoyt. Coverage of this brutal campaign to break Hitler’s grip in south Europe. Canada’s involvement as at Ortona. 246pp, app’x, index. $10.50 B

[ ] Stalin’s General: The Life of Georgy Zhukov Robert. Highly acclaimed bio of the greatest Soviet general – his youth, early army life, saving Leningrad & Moscow, Kursk, the fall of Germany. Essential WW2 reading. 374pp, pb, photos, notes, biblio, index. $24.95 $13.50 B

[ ] Moscow 1941:A City and Its People at War Braithwaite. Another epic WWII siege researched in astounding detail, The grand German push to the edge of the city, then the ingenious defenses thrown up by the Russians, air defence included. 398pp, hc, photos, maps, notes, biblio, index. $14.50 A

[ ] The Ministry of Ungentlemanly Warfare: How Churchill’s Secret Warriors Set Europe Ablaze and Gave Birth to Modern Black Ops Lewis. The Daily Mail calls this one “A howitzer of a tale”. With the fall of France, Churchill declared Britain’s determination to survive, but called on every resource. Britain developed the “secret agent” as a special asset, but few survived the war. Lewis used all the records & interviewed survivors in telling this important story. 402pp, sc, photos, app’x, index. $15.95 $12.50 B

[ ] The Unknown Navy: Canada’s World War II Merchant Navy Bob Halford’s renowned tribute to Canada’s 12,000 merchant seamen & their ships. Daily life for oft-torpedoed sailors. Not to be missed, a rare piece of Canadian history! 288 pp, sc, photos $19.95, $16.50 B

[ ] The Road to Russia Edwards. Detailed coverage of the Arctic convoys to Russia of 1942. How three convoys brave Germany’s military might at and below the sea, and in the air, to supply Russia in its time of dire need. One convoy loses 30 ships, another seven. 210pp, map, biblio, index. $29.95 $14.50 B

[ ] Wolfpack:The U-Boats at War Carruthers. Excellent compilation/review of this great topic. 124,sc, photos. $18.00 $11.50 B

[ ] Escape from the Deep Kershaw. Incredible story of the 1944 sinking of the submarine USS Tang. How a handful survived, escaping from the bottom only to become POWs. Their horrible ordeal at the hands of brutal Japanese captors, then their liberation. One of the war’s most astounding survival stories. A finely done book. 270pp, pb, photos, dia, biblio, index. $18.50 $12.00 B

[ ] Miracles on the Water: The Heroic Survivors of a World War II U-Boat Attack Nagoski. U-48 torpedoes SS City of Benares in September 1940. The ship with British children being evacuated to Canada goes down. This is their story – the plan to send the children to safe haven, the sinking, the heroics that saved nearly half the passengers and crew, the aftermath. 344pp, sc, photos, map, notes, app’x, index. $14.95 $10.50 B

[ ] Dictionary of Naval Terms Cutler NIP. Outstanding compendium of great use to anyone who sails over just reads about the sea. 246pp, hc. $29.95 $8.50 B

[ ] The Fourteenth Day: JFK and the Aftermath of the Cuban Crisis Coleman. 256pp hc, photos, notes, index. Untold story of how the Cuban Missile Crisis as not over on the famous 13th day when Khrushchev seemed to back down. There was still a chance of WW3 erupting. Coleman reveals the story based in part on his access to Oval Office tapes of the day. 256pp, hc, photos, index. $27.50 $14.50 B

[ ] Fusiliers Saga of a British Redcoat Regiment in the American Revolution Urban. Excellent coverage of the life and times of a British fighting unit in the 2nd half of the 18th Century. From Boston to New York and as far south as Carolina, the Fusiliers fight to save the colonies for the king. How the Revolutionary War led to new British tactics that are credited with the later defeat of Napoleon. For anyone with a broad interest in history. Ideal for the War of 1812 reader. 384pp, hc, maps, notes, biblio, index. New $15.00 B

[ ] Through So Many Dangers McCulloch. Memoirs of Rbt Kirk, Royal Highland Regiment. His years in the French-Indian wars from Niagara to the Gulf of Mexico. A classic read. 176pp, sc, lf, ill, maps, biblio, index. New. $10.50 A

[ ] Great Harry’s Navy: How Henry VIII Gave England Seapower Moorehouse. Seminal study of the rise of Britannia as a naval powerhouse. Not to be missed if you read British & European history & the role of seapower. Superb reading. 372pp pb, maps/ill, app’x, notes, gloss, index $15.95 12.50 B

[ ] Seven Firefights in Vietnam Cash, et al. Not to be missed by anyone following this conflict. 192pp, sc, maps, gloss, index. Good coverage of air support as it affected a firefight. New $14.95 $9.50 B

[ ] Abandoned in Hell: The Fight for Vietnam’s Firebase Kate Albracht and Wolf. Astounding story of a remote firebase with 200 “friendlies” besieged by 6000 Vietcong and NVAs. Important memoir of leadership, violence and sacrifice. Much of the air support provided as the Americans and their Allied made a break for it. 356pp, sc, photos, app’x, index. $21.00 $12.50 B

[ ] Oil & Ice: A Story of Arctic Disaster and the Rise and Fall of America’s Last Whaling Dynasty Nichols. The whaling fleet is trapped and destroyed by Arctic condition in 1871. Solid history and adventure, big focus on the New England whaling trade. 294pp, pb New $20.00 $10.50 B

[ ] The Error World: An Affair with Stamps Garfield. For any stamp collector. A revealing book about the passion for philately, especially regarding mis-printed stamps, the mystique surrounding them and their often amazing value! 244pp, hc, New $24.00 $12.50 B

Misc. Used

[ ] Canada’s Air Forces on Exchange One of the world’s finest aviation titles … period! A book that any serious aviation reader will treasure. Canadian airmen on peacetime duty with foreign air arms. From W.G. Barker, VC in Iraq in 1925 to RCAF airmen on such interwar types as the Singapore & Gauntlet to a vast array of post-WWII UK exchanges on everything from the Meteor, Lightning, Shackleton & Comet. In the US, on the WB-50, EB-57, F-106, C-97 & C-17. Other exchanges from Australia to Germany, Norway & Venezuela. You’ll be astounded at the adventures, everything from ditching in a Hastings to ejecting from an F-105 and a Canberra! Writes Bob Merrick in COPA Flight: “Truly an enlightening book … Those pondering the ideal Christmas gift for your local Fireside Aviator need look no farther.” 320 pp, hc, lf, 400 b/w & colour photos, lists, gloss, biblio, index. Normally $50.00, spec. Nice copy, autographed to previous owner. $16.50 A

[ ] Fighter Squadron: 441 Squadron from Hurricanes to Hornets Milberry. World class & the gold standard of sqn books. Begins with flying in Newfoundland’s finest winter weather. Army co-op, flying a Hurricane through a ship’s rigging, etc. Spitfire ops in the UK, France. Kills, losses, etc. Postwar on Vampires, F-86, recce CF-104s, nuke & conventional roles to 1986. The Hornet years — NORAD, “Willy Tell”, Aviano, etc. This book honours everyone from the air combat world. In its review, Combat Aircraft addresses the topic of what is ideal in a squadron history: “They are intrinsically difficult to write … the overriding need is to get the right balance… [Fighter Squadron] has achieved the elusive balance … Everything about this volume has the feeling of authority and authenticity.” 320 pp, hc lf, 700+ photos, biblio, index. Nice slightly used copy. $25.00 A

[ ] Flying Stories McAllister. Well done compendium of these, anything from Jules Vernes and Arthur Conan Doyle to such others as McCudden, VC, Red Baron, Buzz Beurling and Bob Braham. Nice, eclectic list. 304pp, hc, ill. $9.50 A

[ ] The Battle of Britain Collier. Rare “Jackdaw” 1960s educational packet of BoB material in 14×9 in. folder. Incl. such content as a letter from Air Chief Marshal Downing., German order appointing a chief of Security Police for Britain, and translation, German propaganda leaflet, layout of defences, how the network of radar stations and Observer corps were used, aircraft recognition cards., orders from A/V/M Park, combat reports, Fighter Command report, several broadsheets. Very good set. Collectible $25.00 A

[ ] Gulfstream Aerospace GII Flight Manual for GII serial 28, C-GCFB 1967. In original Grumman binder + Gulfstream II Training Checklist 1985 Both good condition $16.00

[ ] Gulfstream 1159 Initial Study Guide 3-kg Flight Safety 3-rig binder, as it says $16.00

[ ] Beechcraft Pilot’s Operating Manual and Airplane Flight Manual King Air C90 November 1987. As it says, large 3-ring format, complete. $15.00

[ ] Beechcraft Pilot’s Operating Manual and Airplane Flight Manual King Air A100 November 1987. As it says, large 3-ring format, complete. $15.00

[ ] Beechcraft Pilot’s Operating Manual and Airplane Flight Manual King Air C90 November 1987. As it says, large 3-ring format, complete. $20.00

[ ] The Bombers and the Bombed: Allied Air War over Europe 1940-1945 Overy. A renowned author tells how Bomber Command & the US 8th Air Force executed their plan for total war against Germany, also how the target cities endured. Highly recommended. 562pp, hc, photos, biblio, notes, index. $42.00 $16.00 A

[ ] Illustrated History of the RAF Nesbit. Just as it says. Very well done in text and photos, probably the best of a list of such RAF general histories. 320pp, hc, extra large format, index. VG. $12.50 A

[ ] History of the Royal Canadian Air Force Chris Shores’ coverage of the RCAF 60th. 128 pages, large format, hardcover, photos, index. Nice copy $8.50 A

[ ] Aircraft of the RAF: A Pictorial Record 1918-1978 Very nicely done 192-page book covering everything from pre-WWI to the modern era. Arranged by decade. Large format, softcover, index, chronology, excellent copy of a worthwhile book, 100s of photos. $12.50 A

[ ] Reap the Whirlwind: The Untold Story of 6 Group, Canada’s Bomber Force of WWII Dunmore/Carter (1992). The first detailed history of this great Bomber Command group. Wellingtons, Halifax, Lancasters. Squadron life, many personal profiles. 436pp, softcover, photos, map, biblio, app’x, index. Very nice copy. $13.50 B

[ ] Royal Air Force Bombers of World War Two, Vol.2 Outstanding Philip Moyes book covering the B-17C, Blenheim, Hampden, Halifax, Ventura and Wellesley. Outstanding text with specs, etc,. photos and really wonderful multi-view colour profiles. 64pp, hc. GC. $9.50 A

[ ] Courage in the Air, Vol.1 Arthur Bishop’s 1992 title that covers many great Canadian WWI airmen + WW2 RCAF figures from Len Birchall to Johnny Fauquier, Moose Fumerton, Reg Lane, “Big Joe” McCarthy and V.C. Woodward. 308pp, hc, photos, app’x, gloss, index. Very nice copy $14.50 B

[ ] Wings at Sea: A Fleet Air Arm Observer’s War 1940-45 Gerald Woods, DSC. Excellent personal story starting with training, then aboard Victorious and Formidable. Albacore, Swordfish, etc., Bismarck action, much more. 272pp, hc, photo, gloss, index. Good copy. $9.50 B

[ ] It’s Really Quite Safe Rotherham Personal story of an FAA observer. Many adventures, various aircraft carriers/aircraft in all waters pre-WWII and WWII. 304pp, hc, photos, maps. Nice copy. $13.50 B

[ ] They Gave Me a Seafire Cmdr Mike Crosley, DSC, RN tells of his years in the FAA. From the Med out to the Pacific – great stuff! 270pp, hc, photos, app’x, index. VG. $9.50 B

[ ] Royal Navy Escort Carriers Hobbs. A classic study, lovely book. Profiles each class, each ship. 232pp, hc, lf, photos, dia, app’x, biblio, index. VG. $30.00 A

[ ] Fighting Ships of World War II Westwood. A good general sourcebook, many excellent individual ship profiles, all navies. 160pp, hc, lf, chronology, index. $7.50 A

[ ] An Illustrated History of the Navies of World War II Preston. As it say and a very worthwhile volume covering the RN, USN, such other navies as German, Italy, France and Japan. Battle of the Atlantic, Okinawa, etc. 224pp, hc, lf, photos, maps, artwork, diagrams, index. Nice copy. $14.50 A

[ ] The Design and Construction of Flying Model Aircraft Russell As it says, a total handbook from Harborough circa 1944. 248 pages, hardcover, photos diagrams, graphs, formulae. Good condition, no dust jacket. $25.00 B

[ ] European Land Battles 1939-1943 Dupuy. Excellent collector item. Vol.1 of the 1962 “Military History of WWII” series. From Poland in 1939 to Russo-Finnish war, Norway, collapse of France etc. 92 pp, hc, photos, maps, index. Very good copy. $8.50 B

[ ] A Companion to the Royal Navy A detailed history of the RN from the 1660s, a major work by renowned RN historian David Thomas. As the flap copy notes, “The reader may easily follow the fortune of individual ships, naval battles and battle honours.” 442pp, hc, lf, photos, ill, chronology. 30.00 A

[ ] Song of the Sky Guy Murchie’s delightful, wide-ranging 1954 philosophical look of aviation in every aspect. 438 pp, hc, ill, index. $7.50 A

[ ] Final Approach One of Spencer Dunmore’s decent aviation novels. The aviation world in the UK from 1910 through WWI into the interwar years. 282pp, hc. VG. $6.00 B

[ ] Avro Arrow:The Story of the Avro Arrow from Its Evolution to Its Extinction Arrowheads (Wilkinson et al. 1990 ed’n). Best of the CF-105 Arrow books. 180pp, lf, photos, profiles, dia., stats, foldout, biblio, index. Nice softcover ed’n. $16.50 A

[ ] Monty: The Making of a General 1887-1942 Nigel Hamilton’s spectacular 1981 biography of the great British leader. Treat yourself! 870pp, hc, photos, index. GC. $12.50 A

[ ] History of the RAF Chaz Bowyer (1977). Typical of the genre. Good stuff – decent text, loads of photos. 224pp, hc, lf, app’x, index. GC. $9.00 A

[ ] Encyclopedia of World Air Power Military Aircraft, Air Forces, Missiles – The World’s Most Comprehensive Military Aviation Encyclopedia Gunston (1980). What a title, but it’s all true! One of those books that deserves the appellation “indispensable”. 384pp, hc, lf, photos, 3-views, profiles, specs, you name it. GC. $16.00 A

[ ] Putting NASA and America Back in Space Former NASA planner Michael Simon’s 1987 treatise analyzing the US space program to date, then discussing future potential. 218pp, sc, photos, index, very nice author autographed copy $12.00 B

[ ] Tragic Victories: From Pearl Harbour to the Allied Assault on Occupied Europe. One of Ed Jablonski’s classic WWII air war histories. 206pp, lf, hc, excellent photo content, index. $16.50 A

[ ] Epic of Flight “Life” magazine commemorative portfolio of colour aircraft paintings: Sopwith Camel, Fokker Triplane, SPAD 13, Spitfire IX, Bf.109G-6, P-51D. ea. 8 ½ x 11”, very good copies. $15.00 B

[ ] Wingfoot Lighter-Than-Air Society (Akron, Ohio) 50+ newsletters for this renowned aviation history society. Average 10-12 pages stapled, photos, ill., etc. Quality historical info for the diehard reader/researcher. Mainly later 1970s to early 90s. 2 kg package. Collection only, Good Condition (GC) $80.00 A

[ ] Cross & Cockade Journal (Society of World War I Aero Historians, USA) Vol.16 1975 Nos.1-4 full set. In-depth coverage in each issue. Collector items. Ea. issue about 100 pages. Photos, etc. GC $25.00 A

[ ] Cross & Cockade Journal (Society of World War I Aero Historians, USA) Vol.16 1977 Nos.1-4 full set. GC $25.00 A

[ ] The Incredible War of 1812 Hitsman. The history of this strange war, updated by Don Graves. Should be in every Canadian home where there’s the remotest interest in history. 432 pp, ill., maps, app’x, biblio. NEW $18.50 B

[ ] Flying the Frontiers: More Hours of Aviation Adventure Matheson. Vol.2 More of the same great coverage. 290pp, hc, photos, gc. Author’s autograph. $12.50 B

[ ] Power: The Pratt & Whitney Canada Story Sullivan & Milberry. Last few original hardcover copies! From early bush flying years to the PT6 & PW100 in the Dash 8, ATR, etc. Photos galore of all the aircraft, etc. Airlines remarks, “An attractive example of how to make a company history come alive.” CAHS: “If you have enjoyed previous books published by CANAV, you will treasure this one.” In 2010 Pierre Gillard, one of Quebec’s leading aviation aficionados, notes (to the publisher’s delight): “Même si le livre est déjà assez ancien, il n’en demeure pas moins un indispensable.” 320 pp, hc, app’x, index. New copy, signed by Milberry $35.00 A

[ ] An Investigation of an Emergency Backup Guidance and Navigation Procedure for the Transearth Phase of the Apollo Mission 1963 86-page MIT 8×11” document by Breck and Wilson. Very nice copy 9 of 20. $12.00 A

[ ] Orbital and Ballistic Flight: An Introduction to Space Technology Sandorf 240-page 1960 MIT original document. Very good copy. $12.00 A

[ ] The Canadair Sabre The Canadian-built Sabre with the RCAF, RAF, USAF, Luftwaffe, etc. 600+ photos, prod’n & accident lists, maps, index, etc. Noted Air Fan, “The aviation literary event of the year.” Air International:

Updated Chapter Eight – Cucumber Art Under 3 Flags

Updated 12 July 2019

The July 2019 issue of National Geographic contains many first time images and facts on the success of Apollo 11, fifty years ago. I remember this new era with fond memories, where I was in Ontario, Canada, and the people with me, as I watched in black and white Americans walk on the Moon. I found the article “Let’s Send Only Women to Space” the most interesting read, as in fact the very first image of a human in space was a nude female. Apollo 12 and 17 flights also carried nude female photos to the Moon, however you will not read that in National Geographic magazine.
On 3 October 1942, the first man-made [German] ballistic missile broke free of the earth’s atmosphere, and painted on it’s tail was a nude German lady called “Frau Luna” [Lady in the Moon] This is the true story of the German rocket art, and the German artist who painted the rockets, which NASA do not wish people to read.

Research and story by Clarence Simonsen

All rights reserved

Cover page

The Emblem Art on the Aggregat-4 [A4] Vergeltungswaffe-2 [V2] German Peenemünde [cucumber] Rocket

My painting depicts German engineer [graphic artist] Gerd Wilhelm de Beek finishing his art of “Frau Im Mond” [Women in Moon] prelaunch date 3 October 1942. Gerd de Beek was the technical rocket illustrator who served under Wernher von Braun at Peenemünde, Germany. This A/4 nicknamed “the Cucumber”, will be the first manmade object to leave the atmosphere, 50 miles above earth.

The German WW II rocket, technical name “Aggregat-4 [A/4] was developed at Peenemünde, established as the German Army Secret Rocket Experimental Base on 1 May 1937. Between 1937 and 1943, the German missile technology developed and tested at Peenemünde made its most remarkable and important world space achievements. In a short span of five years, the scientists achieved the Twentieth Century’s most impossible technological challenge, sending a rocket into space. During the development and testing period the technicians nicknamed their test A/4 rocket the “Cucumber” due to shape and color. A German technical illustrator and rocket drafting artist, Gerd de Beek, created a secret art form which was placed on the tail section of the A/4 test rocket before each launch. My research confirms each of the first 33 Peenemünde launched A/4 rockets carried secret German tail art before they were fired. Many images can be seen on launch film, but this fact has been over-looked by historians for the past 73 years. [3 October 1942 to 3 October 2015]

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This German Federal Archive free domain image is showing an A/4 launch and a small white area [in black square] which contains tail art by Gerd de Beek.

In 1931, the German Army [Ordnance Rocket Dept.] established a research base at Kummersdorf weapons range, south of Berlin. On 1 October 1932, a twenty-one year old German civilian was officially hired to conduct new rocket artillery testing and his name was Wernher von Braun. By December 1934, Braun was appointed director of rocket research, with 60 researchers, and they successfully launched two rockets named “Max” and “Moritz”. Von Braun named these rockets for two German cartoon characters created by Wilhelm Busch in 1865.

Source Internet

I can offer no proof, but feel this was instrumental in the painting of future A/4 rocket tail art.

By 1936, Braun needed a larger test area and a new site was selected on Usedom Island, a heavily forested remote site named Peenemünde. The German Army and Luftwaffe poured money into the construction of a huge super-secret complex for housing, missile manufacturing, and rocket testing. By 1942, the complex housed 2,000 scientists plus 4,000 rocket personnel. Their new home was the first designed rocket launch site in the world, for development of the A/4 [later named V2] and other new German missiles like the Fi-103 flying bomb. General Walter Dornberger’s construction design was based on a huge first rate technical facility, combined with an attractive and comfortable living accommodation for his employees. The entire facility covered the northern peninsula of Usedom Island and proceeded south eight miles, almost to the village of Karlshagen. All of the buildings were carefully constructed among the pine forest that covered most of the island, which provided camouflage, plus saved the habitat for the deer and other wildlife that called this home. The pine forest was dotted with large oak and elm trees, which in the summer time was full of beautiful birds and many types of ducks covered the three regional lakes. Running parallel to the entire east coastline of the base was the Baltic seashore, with pure white sand and large sand dunes. The entire housing settlement was constructed just west of the beach and was only separated by a forest of pine trees. To the scientists, engineers, technicians and military officers, it soon earned the name “Paradise of Peenemünde”. In terms of money, complex-design, size and social considerations, it was without equal anywhere in the world. It was also without equal, in the fact it produced a secret society where secrecy became the everyday fact of life to all the occupants. In this secret world, the A/4 rocket was designed, assembled, and tested by this highly skilled German team led by Wernher von Braun and General Walter Dornberger. To the average German mainstream public this area did not exist. [The Americans would copy the Germans WWII secret base concept and years later, constructed “Area 51.”] This secret German society also produced a secret A/4 rocket tail art that lasted for only the flight time of each rocket, from 10 to 230 seconds. The original color tail art was seen by only a select few at the launch site and then was destroyed when the test missile exploded, or crashed on land or the Baltic. All of the original test research was photographed on motion picture film and black and white 35mm negatives. The 35mm prints were placed into a number of photo research albums which totaled 1,458 pages, with 5,178 photo images, including all the A/4 Peenemünde rocket tail art. These 38 tail art photos have been hidden from the public eye for the past 70 to 72 years. Each original tail art color image has been repainted to replica using the photos from the 1942-44 German photo albums. The first A/4 launch attempt came on 18 March 1942, at test stand VII, but ended in failure. Test stand VII or Prufstand VII [P-7] was the principal A/4 testing facility at Peenemünde and was installed with the world’s first closed-circuit television camera and screen to record each launch.

The true history will never be known as the original German Nazi Scientists took it with them to the grave.

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Based on my research contained in Chapter One, I feel the first A/4 launch attempt V1 carried rocket art, and this could also be where the very first “Frau Im Mond” idea originated. I believe this idea of A/4 rocket tail art originated between Dr. Wernher von Braun and technical artist Gerd de Beek, which was supported and approved by Gen. Dornberger and maybe even Dr. Walter Thiel.

My painting is expressing the idea the tail art originated with the very first rocket, possibly based on a real person, actress of silent screen Gerda Maurus who played “Women in the Moon, in 1929 movie directed by Fritz Lang.

Dr. Walter Thiel was born on 3 March 1910, at Breslau, Germany. He became the third civilian hired by Gen. Dornberger, and joined the German rocket plant at Kummersdorf in 1936. Thiel and his team moved to Peenemünde in the summer of 1940, soon after the construction of the rocket test stands had been completed and were ready for testing. Thiel and fellow engineer Klaus Riedel, designed, developed, tested, and perfected a rocket motor with 56,000 pounds thrust, which powered the new A/4 test rocket. Although his rocket motor became part of the new German Nazi implement of war, he had dreams of building a rocket motor capable of manned flight to the moon and space.

Gerd Wilhelm de Beek was born in 1904 in Bremen, Germany. He was hired by von Braun himself and arrived in Peenemünde in fall of 1937. It is believed he first worked under Walter “Papa” Riedel in the drawing administration at Peenemünde. On 1 August 1944, de Beek was a manager in charge of a department of graphic technical art design. Gerd worked his whole life with the rocket team as a Graphic Engineer and technical illustrator for von Braun. It is believed he created all of the art paintings that appeared on the tail of the A/4 rockets until 17 August 1943.

On 23 March 1942, V1 is moved to the Peenemünde test tower [P-7] for the first full-scale static testing. The test was witnessed by Albert Speer, [recorded film] failed and it was scrapped. If this rocket contained any tail art it was possibly the de Beek painted image of “Frau im Mond” wearing a dress, black stockings and garter belt.

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No restrictions to publish – Fred Ordway III collection donated to the U.S. Space and Rocket Center.

Could this be the very first “Frau Luna” painting completed by Gerd de Beek for use on A/4 launch testing Versuchsmuster-1, date – 23 March 1942? When this rocket was scrapped de Beek retained the original sketch for use on launch V-4. Wernher von Braun selected the same pose but requested a full nude “Frau Luna” for V-4 which is today space art history.


The 1899 German Operetta by Paul Lincke inspired the people of Germany when Berliners travel in a hot air balloon to the Moon and meet the lady in the Moon – “Frau Luna.” This music score is still a large part of the German classical culture today, and young von Braun was born and raised into this rich musical world. At age 15 years, [1927] he played the music of Schubert, Lincke, Haydon and Mozart, and even composed his own classical German music. In that same year a very striking beautiful blonde with high cheek bones and very expressive blue eyes came to the attention of German movie producer Fritz Lang. She would soon come to the attention of the film world.

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Free domain Internet postcard

Gertrud Pfiel was born on 25 August 1903 in present day Croatia, the daughter of a Vienna engineer. She took singing and dancing lessons in Vienna, and at age fifteen, began her theatrical career in Vienna, Hamburg, and became famous in various theatres in Berlin.

This was the peak period of the “Weimar Republic” era [Chapter Two] with over 500 clubs or cabarets and no censorship on nudity, drugs, or prostitution. Gertrud changed her name to Gerda Maurus and this natural blonde beautiful lady used her charm to entertain the rich and famous of Europe plus Prohibition bound United States elite rich visitors. [This exciting part of her life many never be fully known!] During a performance in the fall of 1927, German film director Fritz Lang was over powered by her beauty and offered her a film contract without an audition.

During the filming of “Spies” in 1928, Lang fell in love with Gerda which led to the break-up of his marriage to film writer/wife Thea von Harbou.

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Free domain German Federal Archives, Fritz Lang and wife Thea von Harbou at home in 1923-24.

In 1929 Gerda received the starting role in the new space film “Women in the Moon” and her beauty captivated an entire German male population including 17 year old von Braun.

Wernher von Braun had enrolled in the Berlin Institute of Technology by the summer of 1929, and that fall a movie “Frau im Mond” premiered in Berlin on 15 October 1929. We know this historic space movie had a great effect on von Braun, and I’m positive the stunning beauty of Gerda Maurus did not go unnoticed!

The movie by-product [money] allowed Hermann Oberth to develop his first German rocket [23 July 1930] and von Braun joined this important rocket group. Is it possible that von Braun met and even had sexual contact with Gerda Maurus, as she was only the part time lover of film director Fritz Lange, and never his wife? It is well documented that Gerda had sexual affairs with Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels and communist Friedrich Wolf, proving she was also attracted to other important Nazi males. In 1933, Hitler took control of Germany and Lang left for Hollywood, fearing for his future life in Nazi Germany. [Lang was Catholic and his mother was Jewish]

After divorcing Lang, von Harbou began working for the Nazi regime and climbed to the top of the UFA studio in Berlin, which was controlled by Joseph Goebbels. That is possibly how Goebbels became involved with actress Gerda Maurus. Those protruded cheek bones, combined with natural beauty and her forceful look “bewitched” many high class German men, and that is possibly why she became the seductive ‘heroine’ to rocket scientist von Braun. In 1934, von Braun obtained a doctorate degree in physics from the University of Berlin while he served as the technical director of rocket research at Kummersdorf. He is fast becoming a part of the new Hitler Totalitarian Society and the top scientist in the world of space travel, a fact that would not escape Gerda Maurus. If von Braun and Gerda had any serious connection it probably took place from 1935 until she married in 1937. Gerda Maurus married writer and director Robert A. Stemmle in 1937, however she continued to dance and sing on stage in Berlin until 1944.

I believe the idea and original drawing of the “Women in the Moon” wearing a dress, black stockings and garter belt, was inspired by Gerd de Beek for von Braun, based on the living silent screen actress Gerda Maurus.

This art was possibly originally drawn by de Beek for the launch of V-1 but after failure it was later offered to be painted on the launch of V-4. Von Braun himself possibly approved the design idea but did he direct the rocket art to be a fully nude lady? It is very important to note the second painting by de Beek featured the “Lady in the Moon” wearing only stockings and high top leather boots. These same boots are featured in paintings and titled “Whore Boots” from the wild drug and sexual “Weimar Republic” era.

Why this image was contained in the private collection of Frederick Ira Ordway III may never be known, however he owned a very large collection of original space paintings and this was obviously important to archive. Nothing is recorded on the back of the print other than his ARFOR Library and Picture Archives label.

My color painting is based on the original black and white image completed by de Beek.

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Image taken 21 March 1941, Peenemünde pre-launch. German Federal Archives Free domain.

In late April 1942, lunch vehicle V2 is towed to the launch site, and damaged in the test tower. This delayed the testing, and 15 May, it is photographed by a RAF Spitfire [photo-recon.] aircraft. The British notice nothing unusual. This rocket becomes the first test launch attempt, and becomes damaged again during its fourth attempted test firing on 20 May 1942. Finally on 13 June 1942 it is launched in front of a powerful delegation of high ranking German officials. The test is a failure; rocket explodes, cart-wheeling into the Baltic, range 1.3 km.

The art work of Gerd de Beer can be seen on the rocket tail but the image is impossible to understand. I feel it is a German female face image, and possibly connected with “Frau im Mond”?

 

Image by Clarence Simonsen based on small rocket launch film, pure guess work? Was this the face of film actress Gerda Maurus who appeared as the 1929 “Lady in the Moon?”

On 16 August 1942, V3 is test fired, nose section broke off and rocket is destroyed, range 8-7 km. This rocket is the first space vehicle to break the sound barrier during 194 seconds of flight.

German Federal Archives free domain, date unknown but it should be the morning of launch on 16 August 1942. The A/4 launch V-3 is undergoing the many prelaunch preparations. The rocket has not been fueled with liquid oxygen as the body has no signs of white surface frost. The tail art by de Beek has not been painted on which leads to the question on the date of photo. This could be possibly the day before launch 15 August 1942.

This art was painted directly onto the rocket tail in oils painted by de Beek. The art work is very simple in design and thus would not take a long period of time to paint.

The pre-launch image from the HAP-11 BILD photo album, [Betr] Subject #3, photo B474/42, 16 August 1942. Microfilm from National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

Image by Clarence Simonsen based on photo records and painted to replica size. In two publications, actress Gerda Maurus is described as having a bewitching effect on German males, could this be reflected in the witch art? Please see details in Chapter Four, German U-Boat Insignia and possible sexual content in this tail art.

On 3 October 1942, launch vehicle V4 makes world history, becoming the first ballistic missile and first man-made object to leave the atmosphere. Powered by Thiel’s engines the A/4 rocket flies at 1,322 m/s reaching 85 km above the earth and 190 km down range before crashing into the Baltic. It carries the tail art of a fully nude “Lady in the Moon” art with “V4 on the rocket tail.

Pre-launch photo from HAP-11 archive photo album, Subject #59, microfilm from National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

This image was copied in black and white from the original Peenemünde photograph and became part of the private collection of Mr. Fred Ordway III, a NASA official and advisor to the movie “2001: A Space Odyssey”. It was donated to the U.S. Space and Rocket Center, Dept. of Archives, at Huntsville, Alabama. This clearly shows artist de Beek completed two images for the 3 October 1942 launch, one with Frau Luna wearing a dress and one nude. I believe Wernher von Braun made the selection and picked the fully nude “Women in the Moon.”

The most obvious reason for the Frau Luna in a dress was the influential German film which premiered on 15 October 1929. This historical space movie was titled “Frau im Mond” [Women in the Moon] directed by Fritz Lange, who hired German space expert Hermann Oberth as his technical adviser. The film was remarkably accurate in moon rocket design, acceleration, weightlessness, and the first use of a countdown in seconds 3-2-1 before rocket ignition. This movie sparked the imagination of space travel for thousands of German male youth, and introduced German actress Gerda Maurus to the world.

This image by Clarence Simonsen is based on the original launch film and painted in full scale replica.

Michael Neufield is the expert on Wernher von Braun and his historical background at Peenemünde. In his book titled “Von Braun Dreamer of Space Engineer of War” in 2007, he states – “Von Braun had a charismatic personality and was known as a ladies’ man.” “As a student in Berlin, he would often be seen in the evenings in the company of two girlfriends at once.” The eighteen year old Braun attended the Technische Hochschule Berlin in spring 1930 and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in the spring of 1932. Braun was part of the team that constructed the very first German gasoline, liquid oxygen rocket, which was launched 23 July 1930. The fact remains, both German rocketry and their future leader, both came to power under the “Weimar Republic” era, 1919-1933. This was also the period of time where Berlin became the experimental sex and drug pleasure capital in Europe. Nudity flourished in most of the 500 cabarets, and all had some form of topless dancers, as well as in stage acts and German screen. The new found openness of nudity, allowed the gay males, lesbians, and transvestites to openly display and discuss their sexuality in the cabaret scene. Many pre-teen school girls became involved in the nude dancing, prostitution, use of drugs, all centered in the City of Berlin nightlife.

To what extent Wernher von Braun took part may never be known, but having sex with two girls would be considered very normal in Berlin, 1930-32. Is it possible that it is reflected in the rocket art of “Frau Im Mond” and the nude pose? A close look at the A/4 tail art rocket painting also gives another important clue. The German female has dark hair, is full nude, and wears only stockings and what was commonly called “whore boots.”

V5

On 21 October 1942, A/4 launch vehicle number V5 was ignited from test stand VII; with a burn of 84 seconds it reached 147 km. De Beek painted art of a nude German male stepping onto a cloud in outer space from the earth, with his hands reaching to the stars.

This painting confirms the excitement and male enthusiasm for German space flight, and I believe was directed towards all the rocket experts at Peenemünde! At least one website has suggested this was part of the Weimar Republic nudity, gays, and transvestites. I do not believe that has any connection. It could possibly show the nude male as the new born German “Aryan” race, which has reached into space and will soon control the world. This is fully covered in Chapter Two German rocket nudity.

German Federal Archives image – V-5 Peenemunde, Germany. Free domain.

Artist Gerd de Beek has been painted directly on the A/4 tail skin in oil paints, approx. 30″ high by 20″ wide. Dr. Walter Thiel [Deputy Director of Peenemunde test facility] appears in pre-launch film with this tail art image.

This is the last tail art painted directly on the rocket skin, possibly due to lack of time to paint on rocket tail!

Original German Peenemunde photo #B786/42 BSM, copied on microfilm National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

My painting titled “Man in Space” contains a scale replica of the German A/4 tail art, a replica of one of the 1942 gate signs at Peenemünde, a ground map of the test area, with test launch pad #VII marked in red. The SS trooper stands for the watchful eye von Braun is under, as one year later [Oct. 1943] he will be placed under surveillance and later arrested [mid-March 1944]. The insignia shows up in 1942 Peenemünde film and is the building used by the [Sturmabteilungen] S.A. Storm Troopers.

V5 [Subject #132] and V6 [Subject #131] located on same page in HAP-11 BILD photo albums, copied NARA public domain.

V6

Free domain image from German Federal Archives, V-6 Peenemünde.

This image became the first art taped onto the A/4 rocket before launch and not painted directly onto the skin. This is the first image painted by de Beek in his office or at home and then taped onto the rocket just before launch. 

Note – This taping of art on the rocket tail will continue until 27 January 1954, when de Beek painted and taped his last known nude lady on the tail of a Redstone rocket at Cape Canaveral.

This rocket was launched on 9 November 1942 and reached 67 km high, 14 km down range. It clearly shows a time of joy and good luck for the German rocket scientists, “Gluckspilt” means ‘Lucky Me’ the fast growing rocket work, like growth of mushrooms.

V7

V2Rocket.com website

V7 is launched on 28 November 1942, failure when it tumbled after 37 seconds of flight. range 8.6 km.

 

V9 – Pigs in Space

The next two German A/4 rocket art images are both pigs and could be titled “Pig in Space”. The pig image came from the figure of speech to describe impossibility – “When Pigs Fly”.

I am positive this was painted by de Beek for von Braun and his huge ‘space flight’ achievement.

The pig image appears on an A/4 rocket which has the upper stage painted solid black and the lower body white. The number one and two fins are painted solid black, number three and four solid white. The pig appears to be approx. 20″ by 20″ and was painted directly onto the rocket above the tail unit thrust ring, between fin number one and two. This rocket film launch took place on 9 December 1942 and is V9.

This tail art appears in the HAP-11 BILD photo albums on page 92, identified as photo B355/42 BSM. Dr. Walter Erich Thiel [Deputy Director of Peenemunde Army Research] stands on the right beside unknown German scientist.

Reichsfuhrer [SS] Heinrich Himmler attended the launch of V9, which was a failure due to a steam generator explosion at +4 seconds, range 1 km.

This figure of speech pig tail art will appear on two more rockets, V10 and V17.

Photo Bild-Nr B355/42 BSM, Betr [Subject] #92, Blatt [Sheet] #45.

Scale replica of V9 pig without wings, A/4 tail art and sketch of Von Braun.

This period became a high point in the career of Von Braun and the “Pig in Space” may have reflected on his own feelings – “His pigs could fly”. This is pure space cartoon humor, combined with fact. The red flowers and gold neck band could reflect on the old Weimar Empire German national colors – Black-Red-Gold. The German rocket was born 23 July 1930, and in 12 years the pig flew.

V10

The second pig art V10 was based on the first de Beek original design but appeared with the addition of white wings and red jet tail exhaust from the rear end. HAP-11 BILD album Subject #93, Sheet #45.

If any image fit the feelings and technical achievements of the Peenemünde scientists it was this one. Due to the strict rules on security this image would never appear as a logo, insignia, or symbol to display the group’s huge achievement.

My painting also contains the sketch of Walter Dornberger, when he was promoted to Major General on 28 May 1943. The German belt buckle logo image was very rare and only two are known to exist today.

This buckle was probably produced [without approval] by one single person, and due to strict security, appeared in late 1944. The German ID badge number 2249 was worn by a worker on the Peenemünde West [Luftwaffe] site.

V11

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V11 was launched on 25 January 1943, burn +64.5 seconds, range 105 km.

During the Third Reich period [1933-45] horse racing became a major spectator sport which grew into a special social event much like the Kentucky derby in the United States. The Brown Ribbon of Germany horse race was run annually in July at Munich racetrack from 1934 to 1944. The race attracted a large number of Nazi officials and fifteen German stamps were issued for this special “Das Braune” event.

This is the July 1942 issue showing the Brown ribbon of Germany banner, which probably inspired Gerd de Beek to create his V11 tail art painting. [free domain]

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V12

V12 had two tail art images painted by de Beek, it is possible both were placed on the rocket but not confirmed. 17 February 1943, burn +61 seconds, range 196 km.

These two tail art paintings appear on the same page in the HAP-11 BILD photo albums, dated 1943 and given Blatt [Sheet] #35. Both of these paintings appear to have been applied in oils directly onto the A/4 rocket skin. This is the second set of duel paintings completed for a launch, as V4 also had two, one Frau Luna dressed and one nude. The cameraman recording the image of the V12 nude lady also captured the shadow of the Meillerwagen [Meiller transport trailer] which is still in the lifting position and has just placed the rocket in the launch position.

“A Good Throw” for double six

The second nude Frau Luna riding a fire trailing Wolf to the moon.

Today we know wolves do not howl at the moon, they howl to rally pack meetings, signal a pack location to others, and most of all to attract a female in breeding season. In ancient civilizations they observed the wolf howling at the moon and this appeared in image and literature belief. The Roman goddess Diana, and Greek goddess Hecate both are associated with dogs, and Norseman mythology records a pair of wolves chasing the moon. Many Native American tribes believe the wolf howling brought the moon into existence. This A/4 rocket has taken the shape of a wolf which is transporting Frau Luna from Earth to Moon.

V13

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V13 was launched on 19 February, explosion at +18 seconds, range 4.8 km.

Watering a four leaf clover for the “Lucky 13” launch.

V16

V16 is the first A/4 to introduce a new standard fin paint scheme and standard location for the de Beek tail art paintings. The overall A/4 painting scheme can be found in many publications and on websites. I only wish to detail the location of the tail art paintings.

The art is placed between tail fin #4 and #1, half way between the base and top of tail fin, [13 feet or 3,945 m. The thin tail stripe is 4 inches or 100 mm wide and the art is placed over the center. The Gerd de Beek art is 28 inches high or 711 mm. This becomes the stand tail art location for the next fifteen launches, until 29 June 1943 and V38. The National Air and Space Museum reported in 1969 that V38 lacked a 4 inch stripe between fin #1 and #2, plus one side of fin #2 was white.

National Archives and Records administration – public domain

The tail art image for V16 appears in the HAP-11 photo album with Blatt [Sheet] #44 and other technical data connected with the launch.

V16 launched 3 March 1943, burn +33 seconds then explosion, range 1 km. The German reads – Alle Neune “All Nine.”

V18

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V18 was launched on 18 March 1943, burn +60 seconds, range 133 km. Until this date the rockets have been launched in order of V number from V1 to V16. The rockets are now launched in any order with some that match test date with V number such as V18 on 18 March. The little blonde German angel or possibly “Frau Luna” with wings appears on V16 and V18.

V19

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V19 is launched on 25 March 1943, burn +60 seconds, 268 seconds of flight. This is the very first appearance of German political art showing a drunk P. M. Churchill consuming his second bottle of red wine. This painting is also the first to suggest that the A/4 will be used as a weapon of “major” destruction against the British, causing much stress for the P.M.

This marks a dramatic change in the style of A/4 rocket art by de Beek and it was possibly painted on instructions from von Braun to impress visiting Nazi members.

This tail art image is contained on HAP-11 album Sheet #50, which also contains a rare Russian/Jewish marking and German lettering. Was this painted by a Russian POW, and if so why was it recorded?

V17

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V17 is launched 3 April 1943, burn +64.5 seconds, range of flight 310 seconds.

This is the third and last use of the “Pig in Space” figure of speech in tail art. The drooling little ‘Miss Piggy’ with wings is attempting to break free from the earth gravity but remains tied by her hind, left leg. The patch indicates the many repairs [operations] to get the A/4 rocket to fly correctly. Very good use of cartoon art and most important to observe de Beek painting the early images of earth from space.

V20

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V20 is launched on 14 April 1943, burn +64 seconds, range 287 km.

This tail art by de Beek is clearly directed at the German Frau Luna and her trip to hug the man in the moon. Frau Luna has now appeared four times, V4 dressed, V4 nude, V12 nude, and now V20 dressed. It becomes obvious that Frau Luna, the moon, and space are the main theme in these first A/4 tail art paintings, however that will soon change.

V21

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V21 is launched 22 April 1943, burn +60 seconds, range 252 km.

I believe this tail art was painted for Dr. Walter Erich Thiel who moved from Kummersdorf test ground to Peenumunde in 1940. He became the deputy director of Peenemunde Army Research Center and recruited many new German scientists to speed up rocket testing. In total twelve of his scientists would come to the United States and build the Saturn V rocket. The hard and intense work of Walter Thiel powered the first successful launch of V4 into space on 3 October 1943. The Rabbit [Easter Bunny] and egg are connection to Easter Sunday which fell on the latest possible date, 25 April 1943. This will not occur again for 95 years, 25 April 2038. The pipe and glasses on the Easter Bunny are the trade mark of Dr. Thiel. The Easter egg is hatching a new baby A/4 rocket with very wet and soft tail fins, like a butterfly emerging from its cocoon.

V22

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V22 is launched on 14 May 1943, a burn of 62 seconds and range 250 km.

The smoke from a well dressed A/4 rocket reads “On Gent’s”

 

V26

V2Rocket.com website

free domain from internet

This is the first appearance of the secret code letters HAP which stood for Heimat [Home] Artillerie [Artillery] Park-11. This code name first appeared on 17 May 1943 and became official on 1 June 43. It appears the German HAP cook has prepared a new hot dish – “V26” for some special German visitors.

This day is explained in detail on page 76 of the book “V-Missiles of the Third Reich” by Dieter Holsken. This is the first meeting of long range weapon V.I.Ps from the Third Reich. They have come to Peenemünde to observed the ‘comparison firing’ of two A/4 rockets and the V-1 flying bomb. That is why the new code name “HAP” is painted for the first time on tail art. I’m sure von Braun directed Gerd de Beek to include the new name.

After lunch they watched a partly successful launch of V-25, burn 43 seconds, range 27 km, then the burn stopped and the rocket fell into the Baltic. The background photo shows the pre-launch image of V25 which contained tail art in a form of what appears to be a female head.

This was a special event for von Braun and major support for his rocket program was gained thanks to the twin test shoot-off and the VIP meetings. On 9 June 1943, priority classification for the A/4 program was ordered.

Was this rocket tail art another image of Frau Luna or could it have been the face image of the silent screen actress Gerda Maurus? This art is still contained in the HAP-11 albums in Munich, Germany.

My painting is based on pure guess work with no factual proof.

This National Archives and Records Administration rare image captures the two rockets [V25 and V26] which were launched on 26 May 1943.

V24

V24 is launched on 27 May 1943, burn +56 seconds, range 138 km. It is unknown if this rocket contained tail art. Again the proof remains hidden in the photo albums in Munich, Germany!

 

V23

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V23 is launched 1 June 1943, burn +62 seconds, range 62 km.

The lady bug is much like the A/4 rocket, it has the shape like Hitler’s Volkswagens but surprisingly it can fly!

 

V29

The de Beek tail art of V23 and V29 both appear on the HAP-11 photo album same page, sheet #72. V29 is the very first image to show an attack on the United States of America, combined with the Soviet Union and United Kingdom.

A copy of this V29 art is also found in the private collection of Fred Ordway III, donated to U.S. Space and Rocket museum at Huntsville, Alabama.

From the private collection of Fred I. Ordway III, donated to the U.S. Space and Rocket Museum at Huntsville, Alabama.

V29 is launched 11 June 1943, burn +63 seconds, range 238 km. This tail art is the second to take a political shot at Great Britain, plus adding Russia and United States. This is the only A/4 tail art to display the American national flag, showing the rocket being use as a missile of major destruction against the United States. Is this possibly a reflection on the events taking place that week? [V-Missiles of the Third Reich – page 77] Goring, Milch and von Axthelm meet to discuss the problems of A/4 launch sites. On 28 June, Hitler agrees to their decision to build four large A/4 launch bunkers and 96 field sites in France.

V31

National Archives and Records Administration -public domain.

V31 is launched 16 June 1943, burn +61 seconds, range 238 km.

V28

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

A/4 rocket V-28 was launched on 22 June 1943, burn was 36 seconds, then at 70 seconds the rocket exploded in mid-air, range was 75 km.

This de Beek tail artwork featured a huge cigar aimed at Churchill in the shape of a A/4 missile. The name “HAP Hausmarke” [House Brand] has constructed the missile [cigar] with brand name A/4 painted on rocket body. On 10 June, Hitler had remarked that all work for the A/4 project would be promoted in every way. More skilled workers were becoming involved in Peenemünde plus civilian trained workers involved in the project were having more close contact with the German scientist. Could this explain the hand and civilian suit holding the A/4 rocket?

This is the second appearance of the new Peenemünde code title “HAP” and the first usage of the secret code name for the German missile A/4 by artist de Beek. This would only be allowed due to the fact the rocket and art would be destroyed in seconds after launch. I’m positive Wernher von Braun would have approved this usage of two classified rocket codes in the tail art.

V30

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain

V30 is launched 24 June 1943, burn +65 seconds, range 287 km.

This art displays the new improvement of the missile to hit the target [Ziel – Aim] and also being used as a weapon of major destruction to attack anywhere on the earth. This has nothing to do with space travel but clearly shows the A/4 being used to aim and hit a target.

Launch date 7 January 1944. This art was completed in June 1943 and V 32 should have been launched. Something went wrong and it was possibly moved back for repairs. It survived the RAF attack on 17/18 August 43, and was launched in the New Year, 7 January 1944.

 

V36

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain

V36 is launched 25 June 1943, burn +65 seconds, range 235 km.

Peenemünde was established as the German Army Secret Rocket Experimental Base on 1 May 1937 and retained that title until 17 May 1943. On 1 June 1943, the official name became “Heimat [Home] Artillerie [Artillery] Park – 11” or code HAP11. Twenty-four days later de Beek featured the new code name in his tail art for V36. Is it possible the painting is based on a real German lady based at Peenemunde? This is the second art to contain the secret rocket code “A/4” and the third to use the code letters HAP.

 

V38

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V38 is launched 29 June 1943, and was this obviously special tail art created by de Beek for the second visit of Reichsfuher Heinrich Himmler and his SS entourage? [the first visit was on 9 December 42, launch of V9] V38 was a morning launch, which turned west at an altitude of 200 m and crashed into the woods at the airfield on Peenemünde West. Three aircraft were destroyed but no one was killed. This shows the A/4 being designed by the German scientists at Peenemünde for use as a weapon by the [Heer] German Army. V40 is launched in the afternoon and is a successful burn of 64 seconds.

V39

V39 was painted by de Beek and possibly due to problems was never launched. I believe it was in the A/4 rocket assembly building, which was destroyed on the RAF attack 17/18 August 1943.

 

V40

This tail art from V40 was also in the private collection of Fred I. Ordway III, donated to U.S. Space and Rocket Museum in Huntsville, Alabama, 2014.

This was painted for the afternoon launch witnessed by Himmler and his SS group who are attempting to take over the A/4 Army rocket program.

This becomes the third political attack on Great Britain by de Beek, [to please Reichfuher Himmler] showing a depressed and possible drunk [red nose] P. M. Churchill sitting of the White Cliffs of Dover as a lightning bolt from V-40 is about to strike him. V-40 was launched on 29 June 1943, burn 64 seconds, range was 236 km, a successful test rocket flight. A number of historical documents report Wernher von Braun and Himmler had openly talked about using the A/4 as a weapon of major destruction against the Allies. This tends to backup those reports, and was it possibly removed by Fred Ordway in the 1950s to protect the German scientist image at Huntsville?

 

V33

V33 is launched on 1 July 1943, it is a failure and explodes after 2 seconds burn.

It would appear Gerd de Beek was inspired by this 1941 Deutlches Reich stamp. [free domain]

The German Hunting Horn has persisted in German culture for centuries and a hunt was not complete unless a bugler was present to sound commands. When the Nazis took control of Germany in 1933, Hermann Goering became head of all hunting and formed “Deutsche Jaegerschaft” which introduced many hunting reforms. This stamp of the day 1941 honours the new hunting controls and the sounding for the hunt to begin.

Is it possible this A/4 tail art reflected on Hermann Goering and the German Hunting Horn sounding the beginning of the new Space age rocket?

 

V41

V41 is launched on the morning of 9 July 1943, this rocket fell onto a pump building and exploded. This art work is the most powerful in displaying the A/4 missile being used as a weapon of major destruction to destroy England in a mass of flames.

 

V34

National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

V34 is launched in the afternoon of 9 July 1943, exploded at 1.4 seconds.

Microfilm from the National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

This is page 91 of the HAP-11 photo archive album which came to the United States in 1945. It records the last three tail art images created by de Beek before the RAF attack on Peenemunde 17/18 August 1943.

 

V54

V54 was the last A/4 launched at Peenemünde before the RAF attack, 13 August 1943, it had a burn of 68 seconds and flew 270 seconds. It contained no tail art as de Beek had just finished V47 and was possibly still painting the special V50.

 

V47

The tail art for V47 had been completed by de Beek but it never flew, due to the RAF attack on 17/18 August 1943. It was possibly slated for a launch date after 19 or 20 August 1943 and was lost in the bombing of the A/4 rocket assembly building.

De Beek has painted a total of 38 tail art images, 32 have been launched at Peenemunde, two missiles V4 and V12 have two tail images, and three images will never be launched, [V39,V47 and V50]. V54 was launched without tail art and it is unknown if V24 contained tail art.

Was V47 possibly the last tail art painting completed by Gerd de Beek just a day or two before the RAF attack on 17/18 August 1943? I believe this rocket art was in the A/4 assembly building on the night of the attack and was destroyed. This painting displays the old colors of the German flag, black, red, and gold. The aggressive looking eagle can be associated with the Third Reich which adopted the eagle as a national symbol [Hoheitszeichen] and the eagle above a swastika became the formal symbol of the Nazi Party. The eagle’s claws grasp a wreath of oak leaves surrounded by a swastika. Hundreds of these Reich Eagles remain today in Germany displayed as prominent decoration of the Nazi Party era, and most have the swastika removed, but not all. The original design showed the eagle’s head facing right when used as a national symbol on government buildings and architectural projects. The Nazi Party symbol showed the eagle’s head to the left when used on Nazi Party buildings or monuments. Gerd de Beek painted this eagle as looking straight ahead into the sky.

 

V50

Microfilm from National Archives and Records Administration – public domain.

This pen sketch of the tail art for the launch V-50 marks the “Golden Jubilee” for the German scientists and de Beek plans to paint tail art which features fourteen of his past A/4 tail art creations, including the most famous. Top of “V” clockwise you will find – V7, V31, V3, V26, V23, V4, V17, V34, V6, V36, V11, V39 V13 and last V40.

I believe the tail art for V50 was completed and placed on the A/4 rocket for the proposed launch on 18 August 1943.


 

The sudden RAF raid on Peenemünde destroys the planned special launch and possibly damaged or destroyed the intended A/4 rocket in the Peenemunde assembly building.

On the evening of the attack German female test pilot Hanna Reitsch was a special guest of Wernher von Braun and it is believed the next morning was his special day, with the launch of V-50 for his famous German female pilot guest of honour. The rocket never flies and Peenemünde tail art will never be the same.

German Federal Archives free domain – undated, possibly 1936 Olympic Games, where Hanna Reitsch was the only female glider pilot entered in this special event.

The Peenemünde employees lived such a secret hidden peaceful lifestyle; it lulled everyone into a false sense of Germany being at total world war. When the RAF raid missed the most important main target, it not only saved the lives of the expert German technicians and scientific people, it in fact saved German rocket testing for two more years. Many families will be relocated to the Mittelwerk underground factory, while others were scattered around the Peenemünde area, including the family of Gerd de Beek. This surprise attack also put an end to the cartoon style A/4 tail art paintings as von Braun ordered de Beek to suspend his tail paintings. Many publications describe the depressed mood in Peenemünde and for that reason the tail art had lost its usefulness. After the RAF raid, the German S.S. took over all production of the A/4 Peenemunde test rocket.

The de Beek family remain at Peenemünde, moving from location to location to avoid any further bomb attacks. Gerd returns to his design duties as manager in charge of a department of graphic technical rocket art design in Peenemünde until May 1945.

Until the 18 August 1943 attack, it is confirmed 38 tail art images were completed by a Peenemünde artist believed to be Gerd de Beek. Not one image displays the Nazi Swastika and only V47 [never launched] displays possible Nazi party eagle symbol. On 26 August orders are proposed for the building of the huge underground rocket assembly at Niedersachswerfen near Nordhausen in the Harz mountains. A new development plant will be constructed at Lake Traun in Austria and a new firing range will be constructed in Poland. The glory days of Peenemünde and the rocket tail art will never return, however test launches will continue until 19 February 1945, and one more tail art appears. It is impossible to know who designed this new tail art for the 100th launch, which is again painted on paper and glued to the rocket tail. This image clearly shows a change in art design from space cartoon to a more German Military Heraldic symbol in the 100th shot painting. I believe this V100 tail art was designed by Gerd de Beek, as it features the old German National colors of “Black-Red-Gold” which was banned by Hitler in 1933. Rather than showing the swastika or the National Socialist colors, the 100th launch [shot] is directed again at space flight and the achievement of the German scientists.

Image taken from pre-launch film.

232 rockets will be test launched at Peenemünde until 19 February 1945, including the above 100th shot. This art was not painted directly onto the rocket, but pre-painted and glued onto the rocket. I can find no evidence to support any other rockets contained tail art, however it is possible a few did.

This painting on the Gezackt Ragged No. 1 rocket [test camouflage] design first appeared in the summer of 1944. The German rocket team are now under the watchful eye and total control of the S.S. and Himmler. Artist Gerd de Beek fully understood the power of his cartoon art, combined with the fact the rocket art would only be seen for some minutes or seconds, then gone and destroyed in space or on impact with the ground.

One huge advantage to using cartoon art is the fact, an image, will stay in the mind of the viewer long after the event has faded away.

I believe de Beek took advantage of this and was able to show the 100th shot with rocket into space, using the old German national colors, “Weimar” Republic” under the very eyes of the S.S.

I cannot find any evidence to support the use of V-2 tail art by the German Wehrmacht, who began launches against Allied targets in early September 1944. The book titled -“V-Missiles of the Third Reich The V-1 and V2” by Dieter Holsken contains four images of A/4 rocket tail art. On page 327, the author states – “So far as is known, operational V-2s did not feature any unit insignia or cartoons.” There is a simple reason for that, the launch tail art was only special to the German scientists who tested their rocket at Peenemünde.

In August 1936, thousands of workers began to arrive at the heavily forested island situated on the Baltic Sea, 95 miles due north of Berlin. From the very beginning Peenemünde was shrouded in total secrecy. Advertisements directed workers to send their applications to an anonymous address in Berlin. Once the applications were screened and secret interviews took place, the worker still had no idea where he was going until he arrived. The new employees were then educated in the new rules regarding security, but again had no idea what he was building or the nature of the job site. The site location was also picked by General Dornberger and Wernher von Braun due to the huge demand for secrecy. Usedom was a remote island, not directly connected to any major roads, and only accessible by three bridges. All heavy equipment arrived by ship and the road bridge traffic could be closely monitored. The northern peninsula allowed all secret rockets testing to be conducted over the Baltic, which avoided any crash in a populated area. In the settlement living section and the production and testing facility, virtually no expense was spared. They reasoned that if the select rocket specialists enjoyed the best living and working conditions, they would also perform better on the job. At the same time, they created a huge new secret world, which was isolated from Nazi-Germany, and even during total world war they lived a different life-style. Secrecy was the central fact of life in Peenemünde, and the occupants became a lost secret society. There were secret regulations for everything, including the spoken word. The new rocket was called ‘smoke trail instrument’ or ‘instrument A/4’. This new language and coding of all technology used orally or in correspondence became everyday life in Peenemünde. Military rank just melted away and became secondary to professional technical qualifications. Security zones, and check points became a normal part of life, and the metal ID badge with number replaced the name and identify of people. Peenemünde was somewhere between an Army Base and a new social experiment for rocket engineers and scientists. This tight formed group developed an engineering style and new secret social structure that designed a rocket for outer space. At the same time the security regulations forbid the use of an insignia, emblem, or symbol to display their great secret achievements as a group. They could not even call their ‘rocket’ a rocket. Someone in the group [de Beek ?] came up with the idea of painting a number of pre-launch rockets with a comic style painting, and this would have no effect on security. The A/4 test rocket burn lasted 60-70 seconds and then the rocket fell to earth or in most cases into the Baltic Sea after a flight of 230 seconds. Graphic artist Gerd de Beek may have suggested this idea, and when approved, [by Wernher von Braun] painted all the tail art images. As the war situation in Germany worsened, the paradise life on the Baltic coast continued with a vibrant and exciting culture all to themselves. While rationing in Germany made food scarce, the local deer, fish, and eel in the Baltic easily supplemented their rations.

A/4 rocket fuel was plentiful so the chemists distilled ethyl alcohol into pure alcohol and moonshine of many flavors was produced. They had parties with A/4 “instrument” fuel while Germany was being bombed to death. The Peenemünde employees lived such a peaceful life it lulled almost everyone into a false sense of war. On the night of 17 August 1943, [23:30 hrs] the RAF struck and their secret paradise was gone forever, including future rocket tail art.

This image appears in the German Federal Archives [free domain] and records General Dornberger and Wernher von Braun sharing a joyous moment during a 1944 Christmas banquet in Peenemünde. The card has a congratulatory message from possibly Hitler, as the War Service Cross with swords has been awarded to each space pioneer, [seen in photo].

It is possible this was the art work on the card, as this cartoon had the message – “Congratulations for Special Duties in the Army”. The little A/4 smiling rocket wears the War Service Cross as England burns and may also have appeared on a A/4 test rocket at Peenemünde.

The speed race to discover and capture the secrets of the German technology began even before the end of the war in Europe, and the Americans speed captured everything. On 10 April 1945, the advancing American troops of the Third Armoured Division entered the foothills of the Harz Mountains, and discovered the entrances to the Mittelbau tunnels, also named Dora. The American troops entered the first long tunnel and found German railway freight cars loaded with new V2 rockets. On 5 June 1945, this area of Germany would be in the Soviet zone of occupation, and the Americans would have to move fast, which they did. U.S. Col. Holgar Toftoy, Chief of Army Technical Intelligence formed “Special Mission V2”, which sent a team to investigate, and evacuate specialized parts, back to the United States. On the last day of May, the final section of 341 railway cars, 100 complete V2s and specialized parts left for the port at Antwerp. Sixteen American liberty ships would move the components to New Orleans and later to White Sands, New Mexico.

On 2 May 1945, Wernher von Braun and his V2 specialists surrendered to U.S. forces in Bavaria and were later moved to a prisoner enclosure were allied interrogators questioned them. At this point the Americans had the top German scientists, the best of the V2 missiles, but they were still missing the fourteen tons of Peenemünde documents that engineer Dieter Huzel, [from von Braun’s group], had hidden in an abandoned iron mine in the village of Dornten, Germany. On 12 May, American Major Robert Staver found and interviewed his first V2 engineer, Karl Otto Fleisher, who had been part of von Braun’s caravan to Bavaria. Karl Fleisher was the only person who knew the general location of the hidden documents, and on 20 May, he was tricked into revealing the location of the missing papers. On 5 June, the Dornten area would fall into British hands, and again the Americans had to scramble to move the fourteen tons of German documents to Paris, and then to Aberdeen proving grounds in Maryland, USA. It is very important to note these tons of paper material contained the HAP-11 research photo album archives of the A/4 launches, which included the 38 tail art photos of the original paintings by Gerd de Beek. While the original tail art was destroyed in each rocket launch and final crash, the black and white 35 mm images in the German photo albums saved de Beek’s art, recording a first space history.

The British Government protested the removal of the documents and pointed out that by prior agreement, half of the V2s should be turned over to them. The American Government ignored these protests, but gave the British the opportunity to gather as much material before the Soviets took control of the area. On 22 June 45, General Eisenhower sanctioned the British launching of long-range German V2 rockets to ascertain the German technique of launching, etc. 

Operation “Backfire” was the code name given to the British military scientific operation which went on a large scale search throughout Germany for V2 parts, to build and test the V2 rocket.

Over 400 German railway cars and 70 RAF Lancaster flights were needed to transport a quarter of a million parts and 60 plus specialized vehicles to the new built launch site at Cuxhaven, Germany, in the new British sector. Over 2,000 Canadian Army Engineers constructed the launch site. The British were able to assemble enough parts to construct eight V2 rockets for test firing, and four of these contained new tail art by Gerd de Beek.

By the middle of May 45, over 7,000 German rocket troops had been captured or surrendered to allied forces. These troops were known as V2 Division z.V [Division for Retaliation]. On 22 July 45, 70 Peenemünde scientists, [including von Braun and Gen. Dornberger] 128 V2 firing troops and 600 German P.O.W.s were transported to Cuxhaven.

The German V-2 forces, [renamed Altenwalde Versuchskommando] or AVKO, at first were not keen to work for the British, General Dornberger was most reluctant and almost all of the German scientists were horrified of being under control of the British. I’m sure the British had some strong feelings towards the Germans, but they required the technology to learn the procedures in the handling and launch of the V-2 rocket. German personnel wore their original uniforms [without insignia] and were ordered to perform their duties, which for the most part, they did willingly. Many of these Germans [127] had been picked for the V-2 testing in the U. S. and it was not wise to cause trouble for the British.

Cover art image from V2Rocket.com website

V2Rocket.com website

V2Rocket.com website

For this operation five rocket launch attempts were completed, and three V2 rockets were fired successfully. [above] All eight V2’s were painted in black and white, much like the original markings of the test rockets at Peenemünde. All of the British drawings, art sketches, and diagrams were completed by German artists Gerd de Beek and Max E. Novak. 

The British also filmed the three launches and took black and white photos of the complete operation. After fifty years the Crown copyright on the 35 mm negatives expired and the photos show an amazing part of German art work on the V2 launch rockets. For an unknown reason, the British allowed one of the German team members to paint four German V-2 tail art images, each with a launch number. The early Peenemünde rocket launch art has reappeared, glued on the British V-2’s before launch time.

The British launch A/4 tail art is reborn but completely different in style from the comic art painted on the rockets at Peenemünde. I believe they all contained a secret message directed at the British!

Photo V2rocket.com website

Photo from website V2Rocket.com

[British neg. # 76-9074] 1 October 1945, two German V2 specialists glue the art work on the V2 rocket engine between fin numbers one and four. This was launch V-1 which began at 09:30 hrs and launch attempt at 15:54 Hrs, which failed. The rocket was rechecked and a second launch was attempted at 18:15 hrs. This also failed.

It is important to note that Wernher von Braun joined the German Army Ordnance Office Rocket Program on 1 October 1932. The first British attempted launch of a captured German V-2 was slated for 1 October 1945, but failed to launch twice. On 1 October 1958, NASA was created in the United States of American. Each of the last two important dates are thirteen years apart. Did von Braun have any connection to these special German space rocket dates?

The German V2 painted in the new British black and white rotation test colours. The little German lady, [approx. 30″ high by 20″ wide], has been glued on the V2 engine area between fin number I and IV.

The British Lancaster stands for the 70 flights of V2 parts that were required to build the eight V2s at Cuxhaven, Germany. The RAF roundel stands for all the aircrew killed in the operation to destroy the V2’s site at Peenemünde, 17/18 August 1943.

The German soldier with three V-1 rockets raining down on burning London was used by Nazi propaganda machine in an attempt to keep Italy in WWII. This was a stamp issued to show a new secret weapon [?] was about to be launched on England, the V-2.

The rocket V2 tail image in blue cloud was the British cover used for the documentation of Operation “Backfire”.

The little German lady is not very happy by the expression painted on her face, with high eye-brows and tight mouth, looking down at the British officials. She appears with old national German colors, gold hair, red dress, and black outline.

On 2 October 1945, the British prepared the second V-2 for launch which began at 09:30 hrs. British Crown Neg. # 76-9075 shows the impressive full nude German girl sitting on a barrel with lettering “Soft Soap” and end lettering “Targettc Co. Ltd.”

The rocket was launched at 14:41.12.3. Seconds and became the first British flown V-2 in Operation Backfire. It traveled 69.4 km high and 249.4 km down range. This little nude German lady has reached into space for the British.

Photo from V2Rocket.com website – credit Frank Micklethwaite

Full scale replica image based on photos

This art also contains a secret message, the nude lady could be “Frau Luna” and the expression on her face shows the German feelings towards the British. Targettc Co. Ltd. stands for the V-2 to the moon, and the “Soft Soap” is a play on words, don’t downplay the fact the Germans have the technology to place the lady on the moon.

This painting is titled “Soft Soap and Frozen Lightning”.

On 4 October 1945, at 09:15 hours, the fourth attempt and second launch is prepared. This rocket had twice failed to fire on 1 October. At 14:15.55.09 seconds the V2 is launched but after a burn of 35 seconds the engine cuts out, and the test is a failure. It traveled 17.4 km high and 24 km down range, flight time two minutes 16 seconds. This launch proved it was possible to fuel and then un-fuel a rocket, then later launch without any major overhaul.

For this launch the rocket carried new tail art with number “1”.

Photo from V2Rocket.com website

The post war security check by the U.S. Army in June 1945 assessed the Peenemünde scientists on political and security liabilities. They showed no realization there was anything wrong with Germany’s war or in using the V weapons. As a group they refused to acknowledge Germany started the war and instead believed they were the victims of foreign aggression. When Gen. Dornberger was informed he would be assisting the British he was most reluctant, but in the end was almost forced to cooperate. The German organization chart shows 367 technicians and a labour force of 224 were  loaned to the British for the test firing. Almost all the Germans were at first horrified to be working for the British, and giving away their secrets. I believe this clearly shows in the A/4 rocket tail art launched on 4 October 45. A German Horten [Ho-229] jet has just blown the head set off the bald head of a British scientist. This was in fact the secret German two engine flying wing which was rebuilt and tested in the U.S. [2009 documentary – Hitler’s Stealth Bomber] and found to be a ‘stealth bomber’ which was partly hidden from radar.

The third and final rocket is launched on 15 October 45, a demonstration to representatives from the United States, Russia, the Dominions, [Canada] Whitehall, and the World Press. This rocket behaved normal in flight and but fell 18.6 kilometres short and 5.3 km right of aiming point.

This rocket carried the final tail art image painted in Germany, featuring a topless girl with three pieces of fruit carried on a head basket. It is the most difficult to understand.

Is it possible the fruit stands for the United States, Russia, and United Kingdom, and the lady is again “Frau Luna”?

V2Rocket.com website

On 22 July 45, 591 of these ex-V2 rocket troops are driven to the British test area being constructed at Cuxhaven, northern Germany.

These ex-retaliation rocket troops have their name changed to “Altenwalde Versuchskommando” [AVKO] for short by the British. Their first main task is the preparation of an English language memorandum book on the V2 overview and full operation which contains hundreds of technical drawings in fine detail. [Assembly of these parts was a major concern for the British to learn]

V2Rocket.com website

The total contents can be found on line for free thanks to the released by the Smithsonian. A few of the drawings are signed “Novak” a draftsman who I believe was under the authority of Gerd de Beek at Peenemunde.

V2Rocket.com website

Wernher von Braun was the man who picked his two German A/4 draftsmen to document and complete the drawings in the British memorandum book. He picked Gerd de Beek and Max Novak, the very same two draftsmen he had earlier chosen to come to American with his special rocket team [Paperclip].

The memorandum book cover image has German sketch art showing the launch of a V2 in the forest at Cuxhaven. The cover contains the German words – “Long Range Rocket Equipment and Accessories, and the large letters AVKO.

A German artist has signed – “Novak” to the cover page. Von Braun has selected him in the first group of German scientists for the testing at White Sands, N.M. in 1946, he was later [1950] identified as Max E. Novak, Assembly Chief of #4712, MSFC [Marshall Space Flight Center] R-M.

Max Ernest Novak was one of 55 scientists selected in group #1 [later Paperclip] and arrived in New York aboard the S.S. Argentina on 16 November 1946. In December 1945, he was photographed with a group of 104 German A/4 [V-2] Scientists at Fort Bliss, Texas, including his Peenemünde boss Gerd de Beek. In 1949, he moved to the Redstone Arsenal at Huntsville, Alabama, where he became head of the Assembly Engineering Branch in 1960. Max died on 24 July 1998, age 89 years. [Born – 28 Sept. 1908]

Max Novak is officially listed only with the members at Huntsville, Alabama, however nothing is known about his career in Peenemünde and the A/4 rocket. It is obvious he created many of the hundreds of drawings completed for the British Operation “Backfire” at Cuxhaven in the fall or 1945. He was an expert in the technical drawings of the German A/4 launch crews, the launch vehicles and the complete breakdown of the Peenemünde A/4 rocket design and most important rocket assembly operation. Is that possibly why he was selected by von Braun?

One question remains, did Max ever paint tail art on the German A/4 rockets?

V2Rocket.com website

Cover art of 1945 memorandum book prepared for the British by ex-German V-2 rocket experts at Cuxhaven, North Germany. The cover art is signed Novak. The British records of Operation “Backfire” show five Germans under H.Q. Computing Section, and two are draughtsmen, Gerd de Beek and Max E. Novak.

The history of Max Novak is part of the Peenemünde story but I feel this is still protected by members of the American/German community at Huntsville, Alabama.

The launch site plan drawn by Gerd de Beek and Max Novak, Operation “Backfire’ Oct. 1945.

At the conclusion to the V-2 testing at Cuxhaven, most of these former V-2 Division rocket troops will return to a defeated Germany, to rebuild their shattered lives. A select few [127] will be interviewed and picked by the Americans to join the V-2 testing in White Sands, New Mexico, including Gerd de Beek and Max Novak.

The British had become involved in rocket research in 1944, and immediately after the war showed official interest in ballistic missile testing. During the “Backfire” search for rockets an enormous amount of documentation on the V2 was found around Germany, and shipped to the U.K. This formation combined with what they learned in Operation “Backfire” placed the British as leaders in ballistic missile research but the simple fact was, what the U.K. could afford was very limited, so programs had to be cancelled. In 1945, the U.K. owed Canada over 242 million dollars for the BCATP, a loan which was forgiven by Canada, but clearly shows the U.K. could not afford a space program.

In 1948, the British Government decided to leave ballistic system research to the United States, however the “Backfire” test was not a total loss as much of the V-2 test material had a large influence on the future design of U.K. aircraft and guided weapons sub-systems.

German Federal Archives and NASA free domain photo

On 23 February 1946, a group of 104 German scientists arrive at El Paso, Texas, to begin work in the new White Sands Missile Range. The above photo taken at Fort Bliss [Dec. 45] records the group which became known as “The Team”. The man standing in front row, fifth from the left is Max E. Novak, V2 assembly chief and artist. The man in back row fifth to the right is Gerd Wilhelm de Beek, MSFC MS-G Peenemünde graphic artist, and known V4 tail artist. During his briefing at Fort Bliss, 1946, von Braun told Americans of the plans to build an A11 and A12 rocket for the moon. He then directed Peenemünde illustrator de Beek to paint a cutaway of the future A11 rocket.

Number 36, Max Novak and number 90, Gerd de Beek are the only two artists in the original German group. One of these man painted the A/4 tail art at White Sands.

White Sands soon became the dumping ground for 431 train loads of WW II German captured V-2 rockets, material, and components were unloaded by the U.S. Army. The first static test of a German V-2 was conducted on 15 March 1946. Two weeks later on 16 April the first V-2 was launched in the New Mexico missile range. This marked the first press release to the American public on the German V-2 and featured a drawing titled “Star bound rocket.”

The first V-2 high altitude test was conducted on 10 May 1946, and this captured rocket carried German painted tail art.

I also believe this was another painting based on the German “Frau im Mond”, completed by Gerd de Beek for Wernher von Braun?

U.S. Army photo of the 10 May 1946, V-2 rocket launch at White Sands N.M.

The position of the German tail art can be clearly seen, the same location as the early 1942 launch rocket art at Peenemünde, Germany. Frau Luna or Frau Im Mond is back on course for her journey to the moon from American soil.

Von Braun understood a good scientific team required a strong sense of belonging, of self-pride, and achievement as a group. He handpicked many of the early German technicians at Peenemünde, and soon others followed through personal connections. In 1945, many of these original Peenemünde Germans came to United States with von Braun and reformed a sound, honest, trusting, rocket-building team. This tight formed group developed an engineering style and social structure that designed the most powerful Saturn rocket in the world, which launched the first humans [Americans] to land on the moon. They all came to America with a shared historical past and I believe the little Frau Luna art was a secret part of it.

German independence from their American hosts at White Sands became very clear early in 1946. Wernher von Braun was very adept at political manoeuvring and quickly befriended J. Edgar Hoover and Democratic Majority Leader in the U.S. Senate, Lyndon Baines Johnson. I believe this contributed to his free use of German V-2 tail art, the same as it had appeared on the rockets in Peenemünde, Germany.

While this art had little meaning to the U.S. Army officials, it did in fact mean much more to von Braun, as his heroine “Frau Luna” was once again on her way to the moon.

Is this the same German “Frau Im Mond” that began her trip at Peenemünde on 3 October 1942?

Gerd de Beek the forgotten A/4 rocket artist would spend his entire life working for his friend Wernher von Braun, in the graphic arts of the rocket team, at Peenemünde, Fort Bliss, White Sands, and Huntsville, Alabama. He died at Winter Haven, Florida, on 2 December 1989. His ashes and those of his wife Irma were returned to the family burial plot in Bremen, Germany.

On 1 October 1958, The National Aeronautics and Space Administration was formed, on the same date, 26 years before; [1 Oct. 1932] Wernher von Braun joined the German Army Ordnance Office rocket program. It should be noted that the first attempted launch of a British captured Nazi V-2 was on 1 October 1945. These historic events are both 13 years apart, and only important to one person -Wernher von Braun.

Ten days later, 11 October 1958, NASA launched Pioneer 1, from Cape Canaveral to the moon. This first American rocket failed to reach the moon, however this first attempt had a very special meaning to von Braun. Did Gerd de Beek paint a small image of “Frau im Mond” for his boss and hide it on Pioneer 1, launched 11 October 1958?

Free domain image taken at Redstone Army Airfield, Huntsville, Alabama, 18 May 1963. Did Wernher von Braun trick President Kennedy into creating NASA on the same date he had joined the German Army Ordnance Office rocket program?

Screen actress Gertrud Pfiel/Gerda Maurus passed away at Dusseldorf, [West Germany] on 31 July 1968. She would never know that man had landed on the moon or that possibly her movie name sake went along for the ride. I’m positive she would also be surprised [and maybe pleased] to learn that American nude pin-up girls from the pages of Playboy magazine travelled to the Moon and back to Earth on Apollo 12 and Apollo 16 space flights.

Keeping these facts in mind, it is also possible the image “Frau im Mond” was carried to the moon hidden on Apollo 11, inside the Lunar Module descent stage. The first Americans to land on the moon were assigned many scientific and technological tasks. Apollo 11 also transported an assortment of disks, medals and flags to the surface of the moon which the astronauts placed there.

American medals in the memory of astronauts Virgil I. Grissom, Edward H. White, and Roger B. Chaffee, who died in the Apollo 1 fire were taken to the moon and returned to the widows of the three men. The shoulder patch from the Apollo 1 crew was left on the surface of the moon. Soviet medals depicting the cosmonauts Yuri Gagarin and Vladimir Komarov were placed on the moon. They had been given to Apollo 8 commander Frank Borman by the Soviet Union. A small gray disk, the size of 50 cent coin, carried the goodwill message from the leaders of 73 countries. Each message was reduced 200 times and only appeared as a dot on the disk. Flags from 136 countries in special metal containers the size of a beer can was placed on the moon. A 3 ft. by 5 ft American flag remains on the lunar surface. The die proof of a stamp commemorating the moon landing made the trip to the moon and back to earth.

Two American flags carried through the entire flight were returned and presented to the American Congress. Smaller flags from the 50 states of the Union, and the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and American Samoa made the return trip. The flags of Army, Navy, and Air Force academies, the Chiefs of Staff of the armed forces, and Vice President Spiro T. Agnew, made the complete trip.

I have learned that the German space events were and still are [secretly] celebrated at Huntsville, Alabama, and the American moon landing had a secret cultural meaning to the German rocket team scientists in July 1969. Why not secretly hide a painting of Frau Luna on the surface of the moon? Even if the German image of Frau Luna never made it to the moon, the German/American scientists who built the Saturn V had their own personnel feelings.

Yes, they all knew their “Frau Luna” had finally made it home to her Moon!

Painting based on fictional idea of Clarence Simonsen.

Author Apollo badge collection and two of the Playmate nudes
that flew to the Moon and back to Earth on Apollo 12.

When the very first NASA Apollo astronauts set foot on the moon [Apollo 11] they carried little ‘cheat sheets’ which were attached to their wrists. These little checklists attached to their wrists outlined main stages of the surface extravehicular activities or [EVA]. These cheat sheets came with funny little cartoons, plus a special Playboy Bunny surprise. The Apollo 12 back-up crew secretly inserted reduced images of the nude pin-up ladies taken from issues of Playboy magazine. The full detailed histories with images are found on two websites, [including NASA] and were auctioned off in 2009. One Playboy gatefold of Ms. De De Lind was also smuggled aboard the Apollo 12 spacecraft and made the journey to the Moon and back.

The use of the “Playmate of the Month” image was not new to the American space age and in fact dates back to the beginning of the magazine in 1953 and the second test flight of the Redstone rocket. Al Reisz was born in the United States to German parents, joined NASA as a young propulsion engineer and was involved in the development, testing, and moon flights of the Saturn V during the complete Apollo program. Al has been most helpful with my research and attempt to record the tail art painted on the German and NASA rockets. In 2011, Al Reisz won the Hermann Oberth award for outstanding achievement in astronautics and space exploration. He was part of the human exploration of the moon and experienced firsthand the world events and achievements of certain men in reaching the surface of the moon. He personally knew each and every member of the German Peenemünde scientific rocket team and attended many events with this group.

These same German scientists had designed and developed this rocket in Peenemünde, Germany, in 1944. Hitler had forbid any production or testing of the new rocket as he believed the A/4 would win the war for him. The construction and testing of this rocket would not be approved in the United States until early 1952. The name “Redstone” became official on 8 April 1952, and the first twelve missiles were built at the Redstone Arsenal. Assembly [below] began in September 1952 and the engineers now needed a test stand to improve the missile design.

Free domain image U.S. Army early production assembly of Redstone Rocket, believed to be RS-1.

Wernher von Braun placed Fritz A. Vandersee in charge and he designed an interim test stand for the cost of $25,000, the maximum amount of money allowed. In the spring of 1953, the first rocket tests were conducted and after a number of successful test runs the rocket was transported to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station for the final test flight. Cape Canaveral had two launch pads built and numbered LC-4 and LC-4A.

Al Reisz recalls the first issue of Playboy came out in December 1953 and the new “Sweetheart of the Month” became a must see for even the American Redstone rocket team members. The Redstone missile was developed predominantly by the ex-Nazi German rocket team from Peenemunde. The new American rocket was a direct descendant from the testing at Peenemünde, Germany, and was designed as a surface-to-surface missile for the U. S. Army. The first launch of the Redstone [RS-1] came on 20 August 1953 at LC-4A at Cape Canaveral; however it suffered engine failure early in the launch and crashed.

NASA free domain image of 20 August 1953 launch of Redstone RS-1 at LC-4A.

During the early development of the Redstone at Huntsville, Alabama, it was suggested that German WWII artist Gerd de Beek paint a lady on the U. S. Army test missile like he had done at Peenemünde during WWII. The second test was conducted on 27 January 1954. Due to security and other issues it was impossible for de Beek to paint directly onto the Redstone skin, as he had done on the early missiles at Peenemünde, Germany. A nude lady image was selected from the gatefold of Playboy issue number one, and de Beek painted this voluptuous blonde nude [Frau Luna] on a large section of art board. This was based on the Playboy nude “Sweetheart of the Month” of Marilyn Monroe but it is not known if any original image exists. This art board painting was them taped to the rocket tail just like Gerd de Beek had done at Peenemunde, beginning with V6 on 9 Nov. 1942. The second test Redstone RS-2 lifted off and ascended just as scheduled. The force of the launch and rocket vibration caused the nude lady drawing to loosen and fall away. For some strange reason, unexplained by the space engineers, the ground tracking radar became fixed on the nude fluttering to the Atlantic, leaving the rocket to fly into space unrecorded.

The top space flight engineers were not amused and ordered – ‘that was our last Playboy Redstone.’ This also became the last recorded missile tail art, #45 painted by artist Gerd de Beek.

Artist de Beek used the “Sweetheart of the Month” from page 19 of the first issue of Playboy magazine for this Redstone rocket art, but it is not known if the original photo image exists. In following his style the number “2” would appear with the art or possibly the launch number RS-2.

It is believed that Gerd de Beek painted all 39 known paintings at Peenemünde, which contained ten female images, two nude and six connected to Frau Luna. At Cuxhaven, Northern Germany, he painted four more tail art images, three are females, two are nudes, and at least one is connected to Frau Luna. In the United States he again paints two more tail art images, one on a captured A/4 missile and one on the new Redstone RS-2. Both ladies are nude and I believe were connected to Frau Luna. In total de Beek painted 45 known tail art rocket paintings, fifteen are females, six are nude and ten are believed to be connected to Frau Luna.

It appears the next “Lady im the Monde” will become De De Lind centerfold of the Miss August 1967 Playmate which travelled to the moon and back with Apollo 12.

The most interesting nude artwork to make it to the Moon and back to Earth occurred on Apollo 16, which landed on the surface 16 April 1972. The cuff checklist [cheat sheet] of Charlie Duke contained a fully nude “Lady on the Moon” fully embraced with an American astronaut who is very sexually excited. This could be the only “soft Porn” to make it to the Moon, but only NASA can answer that question.

NASA free domain image of Charlie Duke and his left cuff checklist 1972.

The first A/4 rocket was towed to the test stand at Peenemünde in April 1942, and launched on 13 June 42 as V2. This rocket contained tail art which I believe was “Lady in the Moon” [Frau im Monde]. This was possibly the very beginning of the Wernher von Braun fantasy of flying Frau Luna to the moon and is it possible that same idea was realized by the crew of Apollo 16 in 1972, thirty years later?

Apollo 16 landed on the Moon on 16 April 1972, thirty years after the first launch of a German A/4 rocket. Could this be the “Happy Birthday” greeting the American astronaut is giving to the nude sexy “Frau Luna”, or Frau im Mond” or “Lady in the Moon” [Whatever your name is]?

 

Kevin Duckworth – 2015

The grandson of Gerd de Beek travelled to Peenemünde in June 2015, his first visit and could find only one item with the name of his artist Grandfather.

The Museum at Peenemünde contains the [improper] tail art painting of Frau Luna, plus no other historical information or mention of the original German artist.

Kevin Duckworth – 2015

F/O SS ‘Sid’ Shulemson

Clarence Simonsen’s contribution to my new blog about RCAF 404 Squadron

RCAF 404 Squadron

Images from Clarence Simonsen’s collection

15

PL29809

RCAF image

From archived 403squadron.com

Shulemson earns Distinguished Service Order

On 26 January, six 404 Squadron Beaufighters in strike configuration led by F/O Shulemson in ‘U’, and six from 144 as anti-flak escort were back in action. R/404 (F/O Fair and Sgt Towns) had to turn back to base due to engine trouble. This time the target was a convoy of three merchant vessels of 2,000 to 3,000-tons including the Finse, Orlanda and the tanker Kloveren along with three escort vessels and a minesweeper off of Stadlandet.

One of the Buffalo crews, F/O EJ Keefe and WO BG Steed, scored four hits on the minesweeper and left it burning. “F/O Keefe figuring he had been damaged made a suicide attack on one and blew it out of the water with his cannons and rocket projectiles. ” This vessel was likely a 560-ton German Auxiliary Whaler…

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Doug Davidge remembers his uncle Rod Davidge

source Internet

Doug wrote back about his uncle Rod…

Unfortunately Rod is no longer with us so he can’t tell his own story. That said, if you browse the links below, you will find courtesy of others, he will always have a profile on the Internet (see links below).

In regards to his career as a fighter pilot during WWII, he and another young man from Edson, AB (William “Bill” Switzer) both enlisted at about the same time…both achieved their wings and were both assigned to RAF 193 about the time they received their first Hawker Typhoons.

Both men had many adventures flying Typhoons most of which was a bit hair raising to say the least. Like so many other Tiffie pilots, the risk to life and limb was always present. They lost many good pilots. Rod was hit twice by flak but landed safely…dead stick, one wheels down, one wheels up. He had many other close calls. Bill Switzer was hit on a few occasions and on his last mission he had to bail from a burning aircraft. In the process, he broke his leg, suffer burns but somehow managed to get out in time for his parachute to open. He soon found himself along the front lines and had to take cover for a couple of days…crawling the whole time. He eventually had to find water and in doing so was taken prisoner by German infantry. Their commanding officer was crucial in keeping him alive. Not long after, though, the German squad got into a fire fight with American troops and Bill was able to steal away into hiding. Before his ordeal was over, he had to avoid a tank battle, bush fires, but was eventually picked up by US troops who found him in pretty bad shape. Once they figured out he was RAF (and not a German pilot), the got him to medical aid. He was eventually moved to England to recover. About the same time, my Uncle Rod was finally removed from active service with 193 (132 combat missions, mental fatigue) and was shipped to England to recover. Both men made it back to Canada by Christmas, 1944.

Doug Davidge

Links to Rod’s story

http://www.amnesta.net/other/index_davidge.html

http://www.thetyphoonproject.org/raf/RAF-193-Davidge.html

http://www.rafharrowbeer.co.uk/193_Sqdn.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=py8wTFPlP1s

Another fellow from Edson also ended up in Typhoons:

http://flyingforyourlife.com/pilots/ww2/l/laurence/

Update – “Crabapple” Fighter, Hurricane Mk. XII, serial #814, RCAF 5389

Comment made on February 22, 2019

I enjoyed very much reading this. Great work! I do have some details of Hawker Hurricane 5588 that is mentioned above. My Uncle (Rod Davidge, originally from Alberta), who had served overseas with the RAF 193 Typhoon Sqd. (130 missions), was eventually repatriated back to Canada late in 1944. He resumed his service with the RCAF helping out with flight training new pilots late January, 1945. He was assigned to 3 SFTS in Calgary and then later to Rivers, MB. On April 24th his flight log shows him being flown to Yorkton, SK where he picked up Hurricane 5588 and flew it to Moose Jaw, Sk. On the 25th he was to ferry 5588 to Calgary but weather interfered as he got close to Calgary. I don’t believe he had a radio in the aircraft. Low on fuel he was able to put 5588 down at a ranch/farm in the Eagle Butte area of southern Saskatchewan. He finally made it safely to Calgary on April 28th. He continued to fly 5588 during May, June and into July, 1945. His last logged flight was on July 2nd and he was scrambled after a Japanese Balloon spotted along the foothills. Although he did say he had seen one of the balloons near the US border, I don’t think he ever fired a shot at one. If interested I can provide a digital copy of his flight log for this period of my Uncle’s RCAF career.

Cheers,

Doug Davidge

Exclusive research done by Clarence Simonsen about the little History of “Crabapple” Fighter, Hurricane Mk. XII, serial #814, RCAF 5389


“Crabapple” Fighter, Hurricane Mk. XII, serial #814, RCAF 5389

By Clarence Simonsen

RCAF Hurricane 5389 was constructed by the Canadian Car and Foundry factory in Fort William, Ontario, on the western tip of Lake Superior in May 1942.

The first production Hurricane Mk. XII aircraft serial RCAF 5376 was retained at the factory in Fort William for testing and was not assigned to the RCAF until taken on strength 6 August 1943. The next 25 production new Hurricane Mk. XII [serial 5377 to 5401] aircraft were flown directly by No. 124 ferry pilots to No. 4 Training Command at Calgary, Alberta, or their Ferry Detachment at Lethbridge, Alberta, then later assigned to No. 133 [Falcon] Squadron which was formed at Lethbridge, Alberta, on 3 June 1942.

The first Air Force Ferry Squadron was formed at Air Force Headquarters, RCAF Station, Rockcliffe, [Ottawa] Ontario, on 24 December 1941, Organization Order 173, Flight Lieutenant H. O. Madden [C1407] was approved as the first Ferry Squadron Commander. On 14 February 1942, they were officially numbered No. 124 [Ferry] Squadron, formed for the purpose of inter-command ferrying of all RCAF aircraft across Canada, with detachments located in Eastern Division at Moncton, New Brunswick, Montreal, Quebec, Megantic, Quebec, Malton, [Toronto] Ontario, North Bay, Ontario, Kapuskasing, Ontario, and Western Division at Armstrong, Ontario, Regina, Saskatchewan, Lethbridge, Alberta, Cranbrook, B.C. and Penticton, B.C. The Daily Diary records the first ferry aircraft were Oxford AT533 and AS6596 delivered to R.A.F. Station Penhold, Alberta, on 4 January 1942, before they were officially numbered 124 [Ferry] Squadron.

The month of June 1942, became a busy period for No. 124 [Ferry] Squadron as new Canadian built Hawker Hurricane Mk. XII aircraft were being delivered from the factory in Fort William to new formed units in Eastern and Western Canada. The Daily Diary records the number of aircraft delivered but no aircraft individual serial number is recorded. The No. 124 squadron ferry pilot who delivered Hurricane 5389 is not known, however this fighter was taken on charge by RCAF on 23 June 1942, and assigned to No. 133 [F] Squadron in the next few days.

Hurricane aircraft serial 5377 to 5382 were taken on charge by the RCAF 16 January 1942, and later in June delivered by 124 [Ferry] Squadron to No. 133 at Lethbridge, AB, which is recorded in the Daily Diary of squadron operations. Between 24 June and 30 June 1942, No. 124 Squadron will ferry 53 aircraft to allotted units and a large percentage are new Hurricane fighters, including 5389.

This RCAF photo [PL12324] which was a posed image taken at No. 133 Squadron at Lethbridge, Alberta, records two new Hurricane aircraft #5383 without code letter and #5398 [March of Dimes] with code “L” painted on fuselage. This was most likely taken around the end of July 1942, when the squadron was busy with training and painting code letters on their new Hurricane fighters.

The No. 133 Daily Diary records the following for 17 July 1942 – Hurricane “March of Dimes” aircraft No. 5398, together with No. 5395 arrived at his unit at 19:00 hrs from Fort William, Ontario.

Hurricane # 5398 was first ferried to Calgary from Fort William on 15 July 1942 and was officially taken on charge by the RCAF. This was a special presentation aircraft with the “March of Dimes” painted on both sides of the nose panel in white lettering.

Photo taken at No. 4 Training Command Headquarters, Calgary, Alberta, 15 July 1942.

 

No. 133 Squadron Commanding Officer received the new presentation fighter at Lethbridge, Alberta, 17 July 1942, newspaper clipping on left. The nose lettering reads – ‘CONTRIBUTIONS TO CANADA “MARCH OF DIMES” HELPED TO PURCHASE THE AEROPLANE.’

On 4 February 1943, No. 133 [Falcon] Squadron were based at Boundry Bay. B.C., conducting normal patrols and training exercises. P/O Grover Stewart Sargent, J11976, was assigned a night time map reading exercise [flying Hurricane 5398, “L”] to the training area at Pender Island, then west to Patricia Bay, fuel, and return to base at Boundary Bay. He never arrived at Patricia Bay and the next morning his body was recovered near Pender Island. The crash site has never been found, and the cause is unknown. The body of Pilot Officer Sargent, age 20 years, was returned to Quebec, where he was buried in Lake View Cemetery, Pointe-Claire, Quebec.

All Hurricane fighters were painted at Fort William in R.A.F. colors for period June 1940 to June 1942.

Aircraft code letters were painted on at assigned RCAF units as shown above.

This records the correct 1942 roundel markings on the Canadian Hurricane fighters that were delivered from Fort William to RCAF Home War Establishment units. Upper roundel was type “B” red and blue, under wing was type “A. II” and fuselage was type A. I, red, white, blue and matt yellow.

Hurricane RCAF 5389 was the thirteenth fighter delivered to the RCAF and taken on charge 23 June 1942 at Calgary, Alberta, delivered to Lethbridge two days later. The fighter was painted with the code letter “M” and began general pilot training on 1 July 42, where Hurricane flying time was recorded at 23:15 hrs. On 2 July 42, Wing Commander Gray arrived by air at 11:00 hrs to arrange the allotment of three No. 133 Hurricane aircraft for pilot training at No. 135 Squadron at Mossbank, Saskatchewan. On 8 July 42, RCAF Hurricane 5385, 5386 and 5389 were transferred to No. 135 [Bulldog] Squadron at Mossbank, Saskatchewan for pilot training. They arrived at Mossbank the next day, recorded in Diary. Pilots were S/L Brookes, P/O Sargent, [killed 4 February 1943, March of Dimes] and F/Sgt. Shavalier.

[It is recorded in the No. 135 [Bulldog] Squadron Daily Diary that all pilots had been fully trained and soloed in the Hurricane fighter aircraft by 17 July 1942. It should also be recorded that Hurricane 5389 trained many of the first RCAF fighter pilots in No. 135 ‘Bulldog’ Squadron].
It is most likely Hurrican

e 5389 received a new 135 squadron code letter, and possibly even the nose art of the 135 “Bulldog” appeared on her engine covering for a few weeks.

No. 135 pilot George Lawson in front of Hurricane “U”, at Mossbank, Sask., 13 July 1942, which could possibly be one of the loaned fighters, 5386, 5385 or [Calgary] 5389, with Bulldog nose art.

On 26 July 1942, Hurricane 5385 and 5389 are returned to No. 133 Squadron from Mossbank, Sask. RCAF Hurricane 5386 returns to Lethbridge on 31 July 42.

27 July 1942, Mr. E. J. Sousby, General Manager of Canadian Car and Foundry Co. arrives for a special meeting to discuss the new Hurricane aircraft. The following day all Hurricane Mk. XII aircraft are being tested by the flying instructors for a detailed report on their general condition, which will be sent to the Fort William factory.

On 31 July 1942, Officer Commanding No. 133 Squadron, S/Leader W. T. Brooks, reports 24 Hurricane and 6 Harvard aircraft on strength, only 9 Hurricane fighters are serviceable. 28 August 1942, at 15:20 hrs. Hurricane 5380 makes a crash landing on aerodrome and is a total loss. F/Sgt. Pilot E. B. Monypenny R108600 is suspended from further flying. This is the first Hurricane lost and not taken off charge until 11 February 1943. On 12 May 1943, F/Sgt. Monypenny lost control of Hurricane 5383 at 1,500 ft over base, crashed and was killed.

Pilot Eric Burk Monypenny

On 31 August 1942, No. 133 Squadron has 13 officers and 199 airmen on strength, 23 Hurricane aircraft and 6 Harvard trainers. Total Hurricane flying training time for the month is 30:55 hrs day and 7:30 hrs night. 15 September 1942, Captain D. M. Howard, Chief Test Pilot, Canadian Boeing Aircraft, Co. arrives to test all of the squadron Hurricane aircraft.

23 September 1942, S/L Brooks advises the Squadron they will be moving to Boundary Bay, B. C. in October. The advance party depart by rail for Boundary Bay on 30 September 1942. At 17:00 hrs that same day, [30 Sept.] No. 135 squadron [Bulldogs] arrive for fuel with 19 Hurricane aircraft on their southern route to Sea Island, [Vancouver] B.C. The “Bulldogs” will become the first RCAF Fighter Squadron to fly from Lethbridge, Alberta, to Spokane, Washington, Yakima, Washington, and then to Sea Island, [Vancouver] B.C., No. 133 Squadron will follow this same route on 5 October 1942.

No. 133 [Falcon] Squadron patrolled the Canadian section [orange] however, unknown to many Americans, they also patrolled and were even stationed from Bellingham to Tacoma, Washington, [yellow]. This is covered in detail with Daily Diary records in chapter on pilot Gordon Hill.

Secret orders – 8 December 1942- Daily Diary

October 4th, ground personnel consisting of 135 Airmen and Officers, departed from Lethbridge at 23:59 hrs by special C.P.R. train, under supervision of flying Officer Thompson. October 5th, 16 Hurricane and 4 Harvard aircraft, under the supervision of Squadron Leader W. T. Brooks, depart from Lethbridge at 07:20 hrs via Spokane [fuel] and Yakima [fuel-image below], arriving Boundary Bay at 16:00 hrs same day.

After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States government moved quickly to organize, purchase, or lease local airports to be used as Military training airfields. In the State of Washington, 17 municipal and local civilian airports would be used as military airfields, with new expanded runways, new constructed hangars, and many other improvements. Most of these airfields had been constructed in the 1930’s depression era with funds provided by the United States Works Progress Administration and the Public Work Administration. Three of these airfields became the main Hurricane aircraft ferry route from Alberta to the West Coastal RCAF Stations which were being constructed in 1941-1942.

Felts Field, Spokane, was constructed in 1927, home to the Air National Guard/116th Observation Squadron. It was named in honor of pilot Buell Felts, killed 30 May 1927. During WWII the airfield served as a Civilian Pilots Training Program and provided the USAAF with thousands of pilots. It also became the first ferry fuel stop for RCAF aircraft [No. 135 Bulldogs and No. 133 Falcon] leaving Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada, for Sea Island and boundary Bay, B.C.

McAllister Flying School, Yakima, Washington was cleared of sagebrush in 1926 by Charles McAllister and the first building was completed in 1928, which still survives today. Above is the Yakima Air Terminal in 1940, the same sight the Hurricane pilots of No. 133 Squadron saw on 5 October 1942. This became the second important ferry flight fuel stop for RCAF aircraft, and during WWII the base was part of the Civilian Pilot Training Program.

Bellingham Army Airfield was constructed in 1936, the runway was paved in 1940, and it officially opened on 7 December 1941, the same day the Japanese struck at Pearl Harbor. On 10 December 1941, the U. S. Army moved in and constructed 38 new hangars and buildings, expanded and constructed two more runways, making a major facility for bombers and fighter aircraft. This became the main American base for the protection and defending of Puget Sound area, shared by No. 133 Squadron of the RCAF north at Boundary Bay, B. C. The Daily Operations Record for No. 133 Squadron record many flights in and out of Bellingham Army Airfield, including that of Hurricane fighter 5389.

On 5 October 1942, this Army Airfield provided an emergency stop over for the ferry flight of No. 133 Squadron 16 Hurricane fighters and 4 Harvard trainer aircraft. No RCAF ferry aircraft were required to land at Bellingham Army Airfield. On landing [Boundary Bay] Hurricane 5399, pilot F/Sgt. J. A. Leslie, makes a hard landing [the runways are still under construction] and the aircraft is damaged as Cat. “C” crash.

Two of the squadron Hurricane 5391 and 5392 were left at Lethbridge as they required new Merlin engines, which were being shipped from Fort William. October 12th, Wing Commander Gray and Flight Lt. Assheton arrived at Boundary Bay at 17:25 hrs in Hurricane 5391 and 5392.

The Squadron diary notes –

Housing condition was very poor and inadequate. The Senior NCO’s and airmen were placed in various uncomfortable sections of the station. Civilian construction personnel occupying 2 H-huts and Airmen’s Mess. One hangar is remodeled and at once lectures, physical training and organized sports are started while ground crews attempt their normal duties. The Squadron consists of 29 pilots, 27 trained for overseas duty, 17 Hurricane aircraft and 2 Harvard ready for instrument training. Due to the fact the runways are still under construction no hours of actual flight training are allowed.

The No. 133 Squadron Operations Record [below] states – NOTE –

We submit a “Nil Report” for this period, Oct. 1st to Oct. 26th, 1942, inclusive as the runways at this station are under construction.

The first Hurricane to officially take to the air at Boundary Bay, B.C. was recorded as Hurricane 5389, pilot F/O F. H. Sproule, Practice Scramble, 11:00 to 11:20 hrs, 27 October 1942 [20 minutes].

1 November 1942, strength of unit is :

RCAF Officers [Aircrew] 7,

Ground Crew Officers 2,

Airmen Aircrew 18 and Ground crew 173.

RAF Officers – 4.

Aircraft service ability

Hurricane 12,

Harvard 2.

Duties – Local flying of Sector Reconnaissance, Hurricane Scrambles, and Instrument flying in Harvard aircraft. Each month, five qualified fighter pilots will be posted overseas and replaced by five new graduates from Service Flying Training Schools in Canada.

This RCAF pilot training produced new Canadian fighter pilots for mostly England and gave coastal protection for Canadian Home War Establishment against possible Japanese attack. Only 14 flights had taken place in the month of October and now November would prove to be the break-in period for No. 133 [F] Squadron RCAF.

The total number of flights, date, and pilot name, are now listed for RCAF Hurricane [Calgary] 5389.

November 1942

Hurricane 5389 will make 17 flights in the month of November, which totals 13:25 hrs.

1 November 1942 Sgt. Millar G. G. 9:20 to 10:20 hrs Sector Reconnaissance
1 November 1942 F/Sgt. Curtis W. S. 10:35 to 11:30 hrs Sector Recon.
7 November 1942 P/O D. C. Laubman 15:40 to 16:45 hrs Formation Training
8 November 1942 F/Sgt. Tomlinson C. J 09:40 to 10:40 hrs Formation Training
8 November 1942 P/O D. C. Laubman 15:40 to 1645 hrs Formation Training
10 November 1942 F/Sgt. Walton N. R. 11:10 to 12:10 hrs Practice Scramble
13 November 1942 F/Sgt. McGowan J. G. 10:50 to 11:35 hrs Formation Flying
13 November 1942 Sgt. Costello G. A. 10:20 to 11:20 hrs Formation Flying
15 November 1942 Sgt. Monypenny E. B. 10:55 to 11:55 hrs Formation Flying
18 November 1942 P/O L. R. Brooks 15:10 to 15:40 hrs Scramble
19 November 1942 F/O F. H. Sproule 12:00 to 12:15 hrs Scramble
23 November 1942 Sgt. Young F. B. 13:25 to 13:40 hrs Scramble
24 November 1942 Sgt. Costello G. A. 11:30 to 12:20 hrs Scramble
24 November 1942 F/O R. M. Tracy 15:15 to 15:30 hrs Aircraft Test
27 November 1942 P/O L. R. Allman 16:15 to 17:05 hrs Air Test
28 November 1942 F/Sgt. Walton N. R. 09:35 to 10:35 hrs Squadron drill
28 November 1942 F/ Sgt. R. F. Gainforth 14:00 to 14:40 hrs Squadron Drill

December 1942

1 December 1942, 17 Hurricanes on strength and 5389 will make 13 flights.
1 December 1942 P/O L.R. Allman
1 December 1942 F/Sgt. McGowan J. G.
13 December 1942 P/O L. R. Allman
13 December 1942 P/O G. S. Sargent
14 December 1942 P/O G. S. Sargent
20 December 1942 F/Sgt. Shavalier R.
22 December 1942 F/Sgt. Le Gear F. S.
23 December 1942 P/O D. C. Laubman
30 December 1942 F/Sgt. Law R. R.
30 December 1942 Sgt. Dalsell D. J.
30 December 1942 F/O R. N. Gull
31 December 1942 F/O F. H. Sproule
31 December 1942 Sgt. Gaskin R. A.

January 1943

1 January 1943, 15 Hurricanes on strength and 5389 will make 11 flights.
3 January 1943 Sgt. Young F. B.
4 January 1943 F/Lt. R. W. Mc Nair [DFC] local formation flying.
7 January 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
7 January 1943 F/O G. S. Sargent
11 January 1943 S/L W. T. Breeks
14 January 1943 P/O D. C. Laubman
27 January 1943 F/Sgt. Walton N. R.
28 January 1943 Sgt. Dalzell D. J.
29 January 1943 P/O R. M. Tracy
30 January 1943 F/Sgt. Law R.R.
31 January 1943 F/Sgt. R. F. Gainforth.

February 1943

1 February 1943, 17 Hurricanes on strength 5389 assigned 31 flights
2 February 1943 F/Sgt. W. S. Curtis
2 February 1943 Sgt. E. E. Grissom
3 February 1943 F/Sgt. H. F. Wakeman
3 February 1943 F/Sgt. R. F. Gainforth

On 4 February 1943, Pilot Officer G. S. Sargent is assigned to fly Hurricane 5398, “March of Dimes” presentation fighter, on a routine map reading night-time exercise. The aircraft never arrives at Patricia Bay, and next morning a search is conducted. The body of pilot Sargent is found.

Mayne, Saturna and North and South Pinder Islands were used by No. 133 squadron for many training flights, conducted between home base at Boundary Bay and Patricia Bay, on Vancouver Island. A number of Hurricane fighters crashed into the waters around these islands, in 1943, 1944 and 1945.

 

6 February 1943 F/Sgt. A. J. Ness

11 February 1943 F/O R. N. Gull
11 February 1943 F/Sgt A J. Ness
11 February 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
12 February 1943 F/ Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
12 February 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
16 February 1943 Sgt. D. J. Dalsell
19 February 1943 F/L E. H. Treleaven
19 February 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
20 February 1943 Sgt. F. B. Young
20 February 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
21 February 1943 F/Sgt. W. S. Curtis
21 February 1943 P/O L. R. Allman
22 February 1943 Sgt. Gaskin R. A.
22 February 1943 Sgt. E. E. Grissom
22 February 1943 P/O L. R. Allman
23 February 1943 F/Sgt. H. F. Wakeman
23 February 1943 P/O L. R. Allman
23 February 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
25 February 1943 Sgt. F. B. Young
25 February 1943 Sgt. E. E. Grissom
27 February 1943 P/O L. R. Allman
27 February 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
27 February 1943 F/Sgt J. A. Leslie
28 February 1943 P/O L. R. Allman
28 February 1943 Sgt. F. B. Young.

March 1943

1 March 1943, 17 Hurricane on strength, 5389 assigned 34 flights
2 March 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
3 March 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
5 March 1943 P/O L. R. Allman
5 March 1943 Sgt. E. E. Grissom
7 March 1943 F/Sgt. H. F. Wakeman
7 March 1943 F/Sgt. A. J. Ness
7 March 1943 P/O G. G. Millar
9 March 1943 F/Sgt/ R. A. Gaskin
10 March 1943 F/Sgt. W. S. Curtis
10 March 1943 P/O L. R. Allman
11 March 1943 F/Sgt. J. A. Leslie
11 March 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
13 March 1943 F/Sgt. R. Shavalier
15 March 1943 P/O D. C. Laubman
16 March 1943 F/Sgt. W.S. Curtis
16 March 1943 F/Sgt. J. A. Leslie
17 March 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
17 March 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
17 March 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
19 March 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
19 March 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
20 March 1943 F/Sgt. G. A. Costello
20 March 1943 F/Sgt. G. A. Costello
25 March 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
25 March 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
25 March 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
25 March 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
25 March 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
26 March 1943 P/O G. G. Millar
28 March 1943 F/Sgt. J. A. Leslie
28 March 1943 F/Sgt. F. B. Young
29 March 1943 F/Sgt. N. R. Walton
29 March 1943 F/Sgt. W.S. Curtis
29 March 1943 F/Sgt. E. B. Monypenny

April 1943

1 April 1943, 16 Hurricanes on strength, 5389 assigned 35 flights
1 April 1943 F/Sgt. W. S. Curtis
2 April 1943 Sgt. E. E. Grissom
2 April 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
3 April 1943 F/Sgt. H. F. Wakeman
4 April 1943 Sgt. E. E. Grissom
4 April 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
4 April 1943 Sgt. E. E. Grissom
5 April 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
5 April 1943 Sgt. E. E. Allman
6 April 1943 P/O L. R. Allman
8 April 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
9 April 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
10 April 1943 F/Sgt. R. F. Gainforth
11 April 1943 F/Sgt. G. A. Costello
11 April 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
12 April 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
13 April 1943 F/O J. M. Ingalls
13 April 1943 F/O J. M. Ingalls
14 April 1943 F/Sgt. F. B. Young
14 April 1943 F/Sgt. F. B. Young
15 April 1943 F/Sgt. E. B. Monypenny
15 April 1943 F/Sgt. J. A. Leslie
15 April 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
18 April 1943 P/O J. G. McGowan
18 April 1943 F/Sgt. H. F. Wakeman
18 April 1943 F/O J. M. Ingalls
18 April 1943 F/Sgt. F. B. Young
18 April 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
19 April 1943 F/O J. M. Ingalls
19 April 1943 F/Sgt. F. B. Young
19 April 1943 F/O R. W. Ferguson
19 April 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
21 April 1943 F/Sgt. E. B. Monypenny
28 April 1943 F/O D. C. Laubman
29 April 1943 F/Sgt. W. S. Curtis.

May 1943

1 May 1943, 6 Officers and 17 Airmen, 19 Hurricanes on strength, 5389 assigned 49 flights.
2 May 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
2 May 1943 F/Lt. J. B. McCall
2 May 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
2 May 1943 F/O L. R. Allman
3 May 1943 F/O D. C. Laubman
5 May 1943 F/Sgt. R. F. Gainforth
5 May 1943 F/Sgt. G. J. Tomlinson
6 May 1943 P/O R.R. Law
6 May 1943 P/O R. R. Law
6 May 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
7 May 1943 F/O R. W. Ferguson
8 May 1943 Sgt. D. J. Dalsell
8 May 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. le Gear
8 May 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
9 May 1943 P/O J. G. McGowan
9 May 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
9 May 1943 F/Lt. J. B. McCall
9 May 1943 P/O J. G. McGowan
9 May 1943 F/Sgt. R. A. Gaskin
10 May 1943 Sgt. D. J. Dalsell
10 May 1943 F/Lt. J. B. Deek

On 11 May 1943, two new pilots reported to No. 133 squadron, P/O T. W. Wann and Sgt. Gordon M. Hill. The next day, 12 May, F/Sgt. Monypenny was killed flying Hurricane 5383.

Source Facebook page Boundary Bay 1941-1945 

14 May 1943 F/Sgt. R. Shavalier
14 May 1943 F/Sgt. L. R. Allman

15 May 1943 Sgt. Gordon M. Hill [R14282] first flight in Hurricane 5389.

Gordon M. Hill Course #65, continued his pilot training in fall of 1942, No. 13 S. F. T. S. St. Hubert, Quebec. He graduated and received his “Wings” on 22 January 1943, posted to No. 1 Operational Training Unit at Bagotville, Quebec, training Hurricane pilots. Course #8 began on 30 January 1943 and 29 pupils graduated as Hurricane pilots on 23 April 1943. Two pilots were posted to Eastern Air Command of Home War Establishment, while P/O Wann and Sgt. Hill were posted to Western Air Command, No. 133 Squadron at Boundary Bay. B.C.

Graduation photo – 22 January 1943

The full RCAF career of pilot F/O Gordon Hill will be covered in two complete chapters, with over 400 unpublished photos, and new art work.

15 May 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
16 May 1943 F/Sgt. W. S. Curtis
17 May 1943 F/Sgt. R. Shavalier
18 May 1943 P/O T. W. Wann
18 May 1943 P/O T. W. Wann
18 May 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
19 May 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
20 May 1943 P/O R. R. Law
20 May 1943 P/O R. R. Law
20 May 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
20 May 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
23 May 1943 F/Sgt. H. F. Wakeman
23 May 1943 Sgt. G. M. Hill
23 May 1943 F/Sgt. H. F. Wakeman
24 May 1943 F/O L. R. Allman
24 May 1943 F/O L. R. Allman
25 May 1943 F/Sgt. W. S. Curtis
25 May 1943 P/O J. M. Ingalls
25 May 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
26 May 1943 F/Sgt. C. J. Tomlinson
26 May 1943 F/Sgt. R. Shavalier
28 May 1943 P/O T. W. Wann
31 May 1943 Sgt. G. M. Hill
31 May 1943 P/O R. R. Law
31 May 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule

June 1943

1 June 1943, 15 Hurricane on strength, 5389 assigned 47 flights.
1 June 1943 Sgt. G. M. Hill
1 June 1943 F/L J. B. McCall
1 June 1943 F/L J. B. McCall
1 June 1943 F/Sgt. F. S. Le Gear
2 June 1943 F/L J. B. McCall
3 June 1943 F/O F. H. Sproule
4 June 1943 F/Sgt. H. F. Wakeman
4 June 1943 F/Sgt. H. F. Wakeman
5 June 1943 F/Sgt. H. F. Wakeman
5 June 1943 F/Sgt. N.F. Wakeman
5 June 1943 F/Sgt. R. A. Gaskin
6 June 1943 F/Sgt. R. A. Gaskin
6 June 1943 WO2 W. S. Curtis
6 June 1943 Sgt. G. M. Hill [13:00) to 14:00 hrs – submarine search]
6 June 1943 Sgt. D. J. Dalsell
7 June 1943 F/L J. B. McCall
7 June 1943 F/Sgt. R. A. Gaskin
7 June 1943 Sgt. D. J. Dalsell
7 June 1943 F/Sgt. J. A. Leslie
7 June 1943 W02 W.S. Curtis
7 June 1943 W02 W. S. Curtis
8 June 1943 W02 W. S. Curtis
8 June 1943 W02 W. S. Curtis
9 June 1943 P/O R. R. Law
9 June 1943 W02 W. S. Curtis
9 June 1943 F/Sgt. R. A. Gaskin
10 June 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
11 June 1943 W02 A. J. Ness
12 June 1943 W02 A. J. Ness
13 June 1943 W02 R. F. Gainforth
13 June 1943 F/Sgt. R. A. Gaskin
13 June 1943 W02 R. F. Gainforth
13 June 1943 W02 R. F. Gainforth
17 June 1943 W02 F. S. LeGear
18 June 1943 F/O T. W. Wann
18 June 1943 F/Sgt. R. A. Gaskin
19 June 1943 F/O L. R. Allman
21 June 1943 Sgt. D. J. Dalsell
22 June 1943 Sgt. D. J. Dalsell
22 June 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
22 June 1943 F/O R. M. Tracy
23 June 1943 F/Sgt. R. A. Gaskin
23 June 1943 F/L J. B. McCall
23 June 1943 F/O L. R. Allman
24 June 1943 W02 R. W. Ferguson
27 June 1943 W02 A. J. Ness
28 June 1943 F/L J. B. McCall

 

The last scramble at Boundry Bay, B.C. is recorded on 30 June 1943, 08:00 to 08:50 hrs when two Hurricane aircraft 5395 and 5397 complete a sea patrol. The squadron now prepare for the movement to Tofino, B.C.

Fourteen Hurricane Mk. XII fighter aircraft and two Harvard Mk. IIB aircraft fly to the new base at Tofino, B. C. Hurricane 5389 is piloted by F/O R. W. Ferguson and his flight time is 15:45 to 17:00 hrs.

July 1943

The squadron begin operations on 5 July and Hurricane 5389 will make 19 flights in the month of July 1943.

5 July 1943 W02 A. J. Ness
5 July 1943 F/O J. M. Ingalls
6 July 1943 P/O J. G. McGowan
6 July 1943 W02 J. A. Leslie
9 July 1943 W02 W.S. Curtis
9 July 1943 W02 W. S. Curtis
9 July 1943 Sgt. G. M. Hill Formation Attack – 14:10 to 15:00 hrs.
10 July 1943 F/O V. J. Le Gear
11 July 1943 F/Sgt. J. V. Burke
11 July 1943 W02 J. A. Leslie
11 July 1943 F/O T. W. Wann
12 July 1943 W02 J. A. Leslie
12 July 1943 W02 J. A. Leslie
12 July 1943 W02 J. A. Leslie
12 July 1943 W/C C. N. Greenway
13 July 1943 F/Sgt. J. V. Burke
13 July 1943 F/Sgt. R. A. Gaskin
14 July 1943 P/O R. H. Brown
14 July 1943 P/O F. D. Hague 15:05 to 16:15 hrs., – “Crashed” Cat. “B”.

 

On 22 July 1943, Hurricane 5389 is loaded onto a ship and transported to No. 13 Aeronautical Inspection District, Vancouver, B. C. [Coates Ltd.] for repairs. Hurricane 5389 remained at No. 13 A.I.D. until 15 March 1944.

In the fall of 1938, the RCAF decided to create repair units close to major aircraft companies in Canada. This allowed technically experienced civilian personnel to assist aircraft contractors and report back to the RCAF Headquarters on how repair work was being carried out as well as inspections on the quality of repair work. These new units were designated as RCAF Technical Detachments and given numbers. No. 11 T.D. – Montreal, Quebec, No. 12 T.D. – Toronto, Ontario, No. 13 T.D. – Vancouver, B. C., No. 14 T. D. – Ottawa, Ontario, No. 15 T. D. – Winnipeg, Manitoba, No. 16 T. D. – Edmonton, Alberta, and No. 17 T. D. at Halifax, Nova Scotia. In 1940, these units were re-designated as RCAF Aeronautical Inspection Districts and formerly No. 13 Technical Detachment became No. 13 A.I.D. at Vancouver, B.C. also called “Coates Ltd” for the civilian company. In July 1943, a significant number of RCAF aircraft required repair work and to assist this high demand a priority system was established. The Canadian built Hurricane fighters were no longer a front line aircraft and they took a backseat to repair of other important aircraft. Hurricane 5389 would remain [parked] under repair when time permitted, at No. 13 A.I.D. Vancouver, B. C. for the next eight months.

No. 133 [Falcon] Fighter Squadron continued to fly Hurricane aircraft on West Coast air defence from Tofino, B. C., until 9 March 1944, when they were transferred to Sea Island, [Vancouver] B.C. This became part of what many historians call the “RCAF musical chairs” when complete squadrons moved from base to base and switched aircraft from squadron to squadron.

This has caused many problems for Internet historians and fogged over the true history of Hurricane 5389. Fortunately, the wartime Daily Diaries of both No. 133 and 135 squadrons are very detailed and contain a wealth of information on what in fact took place.

On 10 March 1944, [above record Daily Diary] No. 133 Squadron ferried 17 of their original Hurricane Mk. XII fighters from Tofino, to Patricia Bay, and then to Sea Island, [Vancouver, B.C. F/O Gordon Hill flew Hurricane 5378 to Sea Island, Vancouver, B. C. These Hurricanes are now parked [Vancouver] and No. 133 Squadron will receive 18 Kittyhawk fighters, Mk. I, [11] Mk. IA, [2] and Mk. III [5] aircraft transferred from No. 163 Squadron, which will be disbanded at Patricia Bay, B. C. on 15 March 1944.

To add to this confusion, we have 16 ex-135 Hurricane fighters parked at Terrace, B.C.
No. 135 [Bulldog] Squadron began to ferry their 16 Hurricane fighters [plus two Harvard trainers] from Annette Island, Alaska, [U. S. Command] to Terrace, B.C. on 17 November 1943. They flew patrols from Terrace until 29 February 1944 when they stood down until 11 March 1944, pending a move to Patricia Bay, B.C. They left their original Hurricane aircraft at Terrace, B.C. and the pilots were ferried to Patricia Bay. B. C. on 12 March 1944. No. 170 [Ferry] Squadron began moving the 16 Hurricanes fighters to Patricia Bay on 31 March 1944. The last #5579 arrived at Patricia Bay, B.C. 31 January 1945.

The No. 135 Squadron Daily Diary for 12 March 1944 records – “Arrived Vancouver, Sunday Morning at 10:00 hrs. The party split at C.N.R. Depot and 18 pilots led by S/L Smith [Sqdn. O. C.] proceeding to Sea Island to ferry Hurricane aircraft which formerly operated by No. 133 [F] Squadron. Upon arrival at Sea Island it was discovered only 15 Hurricanes were available, and three Harvard. The party under S/L Smith, piloted the Hurricanes over to Patricia Bay and arrived at 12:00 hrs.

These 15 original No. 133 Squadron Hurricane aircraft are now transferred to No. 135 [Bulldog] Squadron and flown from Sea Island, [Vancouver] to Patricia Bay. B. C. on 12 March 1944. Hurricane 5394 [original No. 133 Sqn. fighter] and 5413 [original No. 135 Sqn. fighter] were not serviceable and after repairs, will join No. 135 Squadron at Patricia Bay on 22 April 1944.

Thanks to this confusion of RCAF Hurricane fighters being switched [musical chairs] from No. 133 Squadron to No. 135 Squadron, the location of Hurricane 5389 has been lost by many historians. The Daily Diary of No. 13 Aeronautical Inspection [Coates Ltd. Vancouver] contains the facts on [Calgary] Hurricane 5389.

On 15 March 1944, No. 13 Aeronautical Inspection District, [Coates Ltd. Vancouver] notify No. 133 Squadron that Hurricane 5389 has been repaired and is ready for return to their squadron. P/O R. A. Gaskin [No. 133 Sqn.] picks up Hurricane 5389 at 10:10 hrs and flies it to No. 135 Squadron in Patricia Bay, arriving at 10:40 hrs. Hurricane 5389 will become the 17th ex-No. 133 Squadron fighter aircraft to be transferred to No. 135 [Bulldog] Squadron and for the second time in her career, 5389 will now fly with the ‘Bulldogs’ stationed at Patricia Bay, B. C.

Remember, Hurricane 5389 began her RCAF career training No. 135 pilots at Mossbank, Saskatchewan, from 8-26 July 1942, and now she will end her career with No. 135 [Bulldog] Squadron at Patricia Bay, B.C.

 

No. 133 Squadron will fly the Curtiss Kittyhawk from mid-March 1944 to July 1945.

The No. 135 Daily Diary reports on 10 May 1944 all pilots have soloed on the new Kittyhawk fighters, with the exception of two pilots on leave. The old ex-No. 133 Squadron Hurricane fighters are only flown for airframe and engine tests, preparing them for upcoming ferry flights.
Hurricane 5389 is last flown in No. 135 Squadron on 22 May 1944, pilot P/O Hodgins B. H., 15:15 to 16:15 hrs airframe and engine testing.

The next chapter in Hurricane 5389 is about to begin, and this involves the ferrying of thousands of war surplus aircraft across Canada.

In early December 1943, the Ottawa Supervisory Board began discussing the need to expand the BCATP in Canada, beyond the 31 March 1945 termination date which had been agreed upon in 1942. In early February 1944, Harold Balfour, British Under Secretary of State for Air and Air Marshal Sir Peter Drummond, RAF Air Member for Training arrived in Ottawa for meetings with Canadian Air Minister C. G. Power. On 16 February, Power officially explained to the Canadian House of Commons the need for a cutback in BCATP aircrew training. The reduction would be forty per cent and this involved the closing of 33 aircrew training schools out of a total of eight-two currently in operation.

At the request of the British government, Canada had agreed to close the 26 RAF schools first, and this began on 14 January 1944, when No. 33 [RAF] Elementary Flying Training School at Caron, Saskatchewan was closed. No. 41 [RAF] Service Flying Training School, Weyburn, Sask., was closed on 22 January 44, followed by No. 35 [RAF] S.F.T.S. North Battleford, Sask., on 25 February 1944, then No. 37 S.F.T.S. [RAF H.Q.] at Calgary, Alberta, 10 March 1944, and so on.
By the end of November 1944, all but two British RAF Schools in Canada had closed, including 13 schools located in No. 4 and No. 2 Air Training Commands in Western Canada. With the closing of these BCATP airfields, the Canadian Government began to plan for the end of hostilities and the future plans for these abandoned military airfields.

The first priority became the huge storage of surplus military equipment, including thousands of unwanted vehicles, supplies, and ex-wartime aircraft. To move this vast amount of military aircraft to the new storage holding units a new ferry squadron of RCAF pilots was required. On 1 March 1944, No. 170 [Ferry] Squadron was formed at Winnipeg, Manitoba, using RCAF personnel from the Western Detachment of No. 124 [Ferry] Squadron. This new squadron was assigned the task of ferrying over 5,000 training and operational aircraft in Western Canada, including the old Hurricane fighters used by No. 163, No. 135, and No. 133 Squadrons in the air defense of the West Coast.

On 26 May 1944, No. 170 [Ferry] Squadron pilots arrived at No. 135 [Bulldog] Squadron Patricia Bay, and ferry out the first two Hurricane aircraft, 5379 and 5425. Hurricane 5379 was an original No. 133 Squadron Hurricane fighter [16 June 1942] and 5425 was an original No. 135 Squadron fighter [18 June 1942]. Hurricane 5425 was ferried from Terrace, B. C. to Patricia Bay, B. C. on 3 October 1944.

On 27 May 44, No. 170 ferry pilots arrive at No. 135 Squadron and ferry out 5394 and 5413. Again, Hurricane 5394 is an original No. 133 Sqn. fighter [30 June 1942] and 5413 is an original No. 135 Sqn. fighter [23 July 1942]. Hurricane 5413 was ferried from Terrace, B. C. to Patricia Bay, on 31 March 1944.

On 1 June 1944, No. 135 [Bulldog] Squadron have 13 Hurricane fighters on strength but not in use. These 13 fighters are all ex-No. 133 Squadron aircraft which now includes [Calgary] Hurricane 5389. On 21 June 44, No. 170 [Ferry] squadron pilots begin the movement of Hurricanes from Patricia Bay, B. C. to Yakima and Spokane, Washington, USA, to Lethbridge detachment in southern Alberta. The last flight of a Hurricane by No. 135 Squadron took place at Patricia Bay on 25 June 1944, W02 Connor J. W. flew Hurricane 5377 from 16:30 to 17:00 hrs on engine test. This became the last Hurricane to leave No. 135 Squadron for Lethbridge that same date. The exact date that Hurricane 5389 was ferried to Lethbridge, Alberta, was never recorded in the Daily Diary of No. 135 Squadron or by No. 170 [Ferry] squadron, who only recorded the number of aircraft ferried on each date. On 24 June 44, No. 170 Sqn. ferried six Hurricanes from Patricia Bay, B. C. to Lethbridge Detachment, Alberta, and I believe that was the date Hurricane 5389 arrived at Lethbridge, Alberta. It appears the Hurricane fighters remained at Lethbridge for at least five months. No. 32 SFTS [RAF] Moose Jaw, Sask., closed on 17 October 1944, and No. 4 Training Command ceased to exist on 1 December 1944, replaced by No. 2 Air Command.

On 2 December 1944, the old RAF base became No. 2 Reserve Equipment Maintenance Unit, RCAF, Moose Jaw, Sask. The first “Forty-Two” storage aircraft arrived on 5 December 1944, and were placed into hangars. The very last RAF personnel are repatriated back to the United Kingdom on 2 January 1945. In the next few weeks No. 170 [Ferry] Squadron pilots will fly eleven Hurricane fighters for “Reserve Storage” at Moose Jaw, Sask.

One of them is 5389, today Calgary Flight Hangar Museum.

On 1 July 1944, the Canadian Government began to plan and create Surplus Equipment Holding Units at the abandoned WWII British Commonwealth Air Training Plan bases across Canada. No. 170 [Ferry] squadron which had been formed on 1 March 1944, were now responsible for the ferrying of all surplus RCAF aircraft to these vacant training bases. The RCAF had on strength 12,000 surplus aircraft, and many, like the Avro Ansons, were just set on fire and destroyed. Others, including the Hurricanes Mk. XIIs, were flown to an “Aircraft Holding Unit” where they were stored and maintained in flying condition, and could be flown out on short notice.
On 1 December 1944, a total reorganization and re-naming of the storage units took place. The name was changed to “RESERVE EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE UNITS” with a Headquarters and reserve satellite units located in the old training bases. On this date No. 4 and No. 2 [WWII] Training Commands ceased to exist and were replaced by No. 2 Air Command. On record cards, it appears that aircraft were moved, however only the Air Force Command names were changed.

No. 1 Reserve Equipment Maintenance Unit was established at Lethbridge, Alberta, on 15 December 1944, ex-No. 8 Bombing and Gunnery School. Under its command were three Satellite Units, No. 101 at Macleod, Alberta, No. 102 at Pearce, Alberta, and No. 103 at Vulcan, Alberta.

No. 2 Reserve E. M. U. was located at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, on 2 December 1944, [Ex-RAF 32 SFTS] and under it were formed four Reserve Equipment Maintenance Satellite Units. No. 201 at Dafoe, Sask., No. 202 at Mossbank, Sask., No. 203 at Caron, Sask., No. 204 at Assiniboia, Sask., and No. 205 at Davidson, Saskatchewan.

At least eleven Hurricane fighters were held in storage at units under command of No. 2 Reserved Equipment Maintenance Unit, Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. Their serial numbers appear in the Daily Diary of various units, when they were flown during some special event. They were just a group of old WWII fighters, which were outdated, ready for scrapping and of no further use to the Air Force. That all changed in early November 1944, and saved them from being scrapped. The confirmed Hurricane serial numbers are – 5377, 5389 [Calgary], 5393, 5418 [Wetaskiwin], 5414, 5424 [fake serial in England], 5447, 5584 [Ottawa], and 5588. The two unidentified Hurricane fighters are possibly – 5395 and 5478.

Beginning on 3 November 1944, and continuing until late June 1945, Japan launched between 9,000 and 10,000 incendiary balloons from their home islands. This history can be found on many websites and in numerous publications, which does not need to be repeated. The first line of defence for the RCAF became the West Coast of Canada, and this involved de Havilland F.B. Mk. 26 Mosquito fighters flown by No. 133 Squadron. The RCAF Mosquito aircraft were the only West Coast fighters to attain the speed and altitude to possibly intercept the Japanese balloons, travelling at 125 m.p.h. at over 35,000 feet.

In January 1945, a ‘secret’ second line of defence was being established by the RCAF and this involved old Hurricanes based in the Prairies, to track and possibly shoot-down the Fu-go weapons. In February 1945, Air Commodore B. F. Johnson, No. 2 Air Command, [Winnipeg] ordered a number of Hawker Hurricane fighters be removed from reserve storage at [No. 2 R.E.M.U.] Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, flown to No. 8 Repair Depot, Winnipeg, and made ready for flying Fu-go [Japanese Fire-Balloon] interception duties. Historians record the number of Hurricane fighters at five, however my research indicates six or possibly seven Hurricane aircraft were involved in these patrols for balloons. The proof is there, in Ottawa, if you take time to research it, page by page.

These Hurricane fighter serial numbers first appear recorded in the Daily Diary for No. 8 Repair Depot, Winnipeg, Manitoba, dated 2 February 1945. Hurricane 5418 arrives for a new Merlin 29 engine, from No. 2 Reserve Equipment Maintenance Unit, Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. The fighter is stored in hangar #4, awaiting a new engine and other parts. A Merlin 29-233 engine is installed, and completed on 17 February 1945, the fighter is returned to storage at No. 2 R.E.H.U, by a pilot from 170 [Ferry] Squadron.

This rare fighter survives today in the world class aviation museum at Wetaskiwin, Alberta, today run by Alberta Culture and Community Spirit Heritage, with Byron Reynolds, AME, Honorary Curator of the Aviation Program.

Movement of Airframe and Aero Engines for month of February 1944, No. 8 Repair Depot, Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Hurricane 5418 is one of the first five fighters selected for duty in Saskatchewan. It is flown to No. 8 Repair Depot for minor engine repairs on 2 February 1945, and requires a new Merlin engine, which is installed by 17 February 1945. This Merlin 29 remains in the fighter today.
In 1986, I met Bryon Reynolds, at the then titled “Reynolds Museum Ltd” Wetaskiwin, Alberta. In 1998, I was invited, and gave two lectures on my subject of WWII aircraft nose art. On 27 December 2000, I received a phone call from Bryon, and he ask if I would paint the replica No. 135 “Bulldog” on the nose of Hurricane 5418. He knew my answer, but made it very clear, the nose art must be as close to the original as possible, and that including counting the aircraft rivets. Working with Byron was very professional and followed the same standard as that in the Smithsonian, Washington, D.C., USA.

This was the original pattern ‘nose art’ Bulldog approved by Bryon Reynolds. I spent six hours with Bryon and obtained as much history on Hurricane 5418 as I could. I was in for a big surprise, involving a rare part of unknown RCAF “Fu-go” nose art. This complete new history, with paintings, will appear next year [2018] on my Blog. Here is a small part of that story.

The Reynolds-Alberta Museum Hurricane 5418, ex-No. 135 [Bulldog] Squadron, was obtained by Stan Reynolds from a Saskatchewan farmer in November 1960.

Byron Reynolds – March 2001

When Hurricane 5418 arrived at No. 4 S.F.T.S. at Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, on 15 June 1945, it still contained the original image of the 135 Bulldog nose art. This was over-painted and a new nose art image appeared over the section where the Bulldog had been painted. This “Beautifull Balloon” nose art was still on the Hurricane engine cowling when it arrived at Wetaskiwin in November 1960. Bryon Reynolds copied the image and my replica painting is being shown for the first time.

The only WWII RCAF “Fu-go” nose art in the world. [Complete history coming in 2018]

Yes, that is the correct spelling for Hurricane 5418 nose art, painted in June 1945.

On 22 February 1945, Hurricane 5588 arrives at No. 8 Repair Depot for modification. This is completed on 9 April, and No. 170 [Ferry] squadron fly 5588 to No. 23 E.F.T.S. at Yorkton, Saskatchewan. The Daily Diary records one Hurricane taken on charge, no pilot name, no report of balloon sightings, and no scramble of the fighter. It appears there was total censorship by the C.O. at Yorkton, Sask.

On 12 March 1945, Hurricane, 5377, 5584, [Ottawa] and 5389 [Calgary] are flown in by No. 170 [Ferry] Sqdn. pilots for modification. When these three aircraft were placed into “Reserve Storage” [No. 2 R.E.M.U.] Moose Jaw, Sask., the radio, all armour plating, and the twelve .303 Cal. Browning machine guns were removed. The modification at Winnipeg involved replacing the radio and one .303 machine gun, for shooting at the Japanese balloons. Hurricane 5389, [Calgary] is completed on 14 March 1945, and flown to No. 23 EFTS at Yorkton, Saskatchewan, joining Hurricane 5588.

On 17 March 1945, Hurricane 5393 arrives for modification [below] and leaves the same date, flown by 170 [Ferry] Squadron to No. 4 SFTS at Saskatoon, Sask.

Hurricane 5393 completes patrols with no balloon sightings, or records appearing, until 8 June 1945, at 21:55 hrs.

Hurricane 5584 arrives at Winnipeg on 12 March 1945, and departs (No. 170 [Ferry] Sqn.) 19 March 1945, for No. 32 SFTS at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. [seen with records of Hurricane 5393, 17 March 1945] Hurricane 5377, which arrived with 5584 [Ottawa] and 5389 [Calgary] was never modified or assigned to any RCAF Station. It was prepared for being inhibited, 30 May 1945, and returned to No 3 S.E.H.U at Swift Current, Sask.

5377 remained at Swift Current, Sask., where it was sold on 13 July 1946.

Hurricane 5418 arrived at No. 8 Repair Depot on 7 May 1945, for modification of radio and machine gun.

Hurricane 5418, was taken on charge at No. 4 S.F.T.S at Saskatoon, Sask. 15 June 1945 and joins 5393 in patrols. Its first action is recorded on 21 June 1945, over Climax, Sask.

Thanks to these No. 8 Repair Depot records and base RCAF Daily Diary reports, the number and location of the RCAF Hurricane “Fu-go” fighters can be confirmed. There were five original Hurricanes, which No. 2 Air Command stationed at Saskatoon, [two] Yorkton, [two] and Moose Jaw, [one] Saskatchewan, beginning on 14 March 1945 and then removed, one by one, ending on 12 July 1945.

The Government assigned the Canadian Army as the chief agency to find, and most of all transport bomb disposal experts to the crash site. This same operation is going on today, as these 1944-1945 fire balloon bombs are still being discovered, the latest at Lumby, B.C., in October 2014.

The five RCAF Hurricane fighters were given the task of shooting down the balloons, then the RCAF would transport Army experts to the site, and last, the recovered material was flown by RCAF transport to Ottawa. The Canadian Government feared the balloons were transporting biological weapons of war, and total censorship was applied. This lack of records and no newspaper reporting has affected the true research and history to present day. The use of old RCAF Daily Diary for the period has released many hidden facts.

The peak Japanese balloon-launching months were February, March, and April 1945. Only four RCAF Hurricane fighters were on patrol during these three months. #5389 on 14 March 1945, #5393 on 17 March 1945, #5584 on 19 March 1945, and #5588 on 10 April 1945. Hurricane 5418 arrived on 15 June, near the end of the patrol period. A sixth [and last] Hurricane #5447, arrived at Yorkton, Sask., on 6 June 1945, but never taken on strength, [two Hurricanes appear in Daily Diary for end of June, 5588-5389] after twenty days, 5447 was flown to No. 3 S.E.H.U. at Swift Current, Saskatchewan, 26-27 June, and inhibited by 1 October 1945. Hurricane 5447, never appears in the Daily Diary and only two Hurricanes are ever shown taken on strength at Yorkton, Sask., for the month of June 1945. I believe 5447 was assigned to Moose Jaw, then during delivery the patrols were cancelled, and 5447 ended up at Yorkton, for twenty days and one photo was taken. [Photo on Vintage Wings site]

Hurricane 5447 was being ferried by P/O Ramsay of No. 124 [Ferry] Squadron, Rockcliffe, Ontario, on 4 September 1942. It had a category “A” crash one-half mile north-west of Porquis Junction, Ontario. It was salvaged and transported back to Fort William for a completed rebuild. Taken on strength RCAF No. 1 Training Command, it served with Home War Establishment at Nova Scotia from 2 October 1942 to 5 July 1943. It was sent to No. 3 Training Command for repairs and placed into storage 29 November 1944. On 4 June 1945, it was taken out of storage and flown to No. 2 Air Command at Yorkton, Saskatchewan.

There are no records of modification for Hurricane 5447 at No. 8 Repair Depot, Winnipeg, and it appears no machine gun was ever installed. No. 8 R.D. had a fleet of mobile panel trucks with mechanics who drove to RCAF Stations for minor aircraft repairs. On 24 June 1945, Winnipeg, No. 8 R.D. mobile party [five workers] did a special inspection [M.5] on Hurricane 5389 and 5447 at No. 23 E.F.T.S., Yorkton, Sask. This proves the Hurricane was at the station, but never shows up in any other records. I believe this was to prepare the two fighters for storage [inhibited], and they were next flown to No. 3 Surplus Equipment Holding Unit at Swift Current, Saskatchewan, between 12 and 18 July. No. 5447 was recorded ready for disposal on 12 July 1945, inhibited in October, with 312:40 hrs airframe flying time. Sold on 28 August 1946.

On 28 August 1946, #5447 was sold to a Regina farmer and years later re-sold to Harry Whereatt of Assiniboia, Sask. in 1988. The aircraft came with nose art name “Star Dust” and large yellow 71 painted on the original engine cowling. It was slowly being restored to flying condition by Harry until he became ill [stroke] and sold it to Vintage Wings of Canada, 23 August 2006. It is still under restoration at V.W. in Ottawa, and will appear as the famous fighter of Calgary’s Willie McKnight. Vintage Wings have many highly qualified research experts, and I’m sure the full history of #5447 will appear on their website. I am interested to see if my amateur research is at all close.

Swift Current, Saskatchewan

No. 39 Service Flying Training School. Swift Current, Saskatchewan, was a British R.A.F. school, one of 26 that operated in Canada during WWII. The last class of trainees, Course #63, began on 29 November 1943 and 55 graduated on 24 March 1944. That is the same date the British school was disbanded. On 1 April 44, a new school re-opened by the RCAF as No. 402 Aircraft Holding Unit. It was unique in RCAF history, as it was never fully established when it was disbanded at 23:59 hrs, 21 May 1944. It had a staff of six officers, 51 airmen and 42 civilians, plus temporary personnel of 103. It was formed to store and maintain RCAF surplus aircraft in flying condition, then the RCAF senior command began to restructure aircraft holding units, and it became RCAF Station, Swift Current, Saskatchewan.

On 1 May 1945, RCAF Swift Current re-opened as No. 3 Surplus Equipment Holding Unit, Swift Current. By the end of the month they had 432 aircraft in storage, including two Hurricane Mk. XII fighters. The Daily Diary for May 1945, contains only one Hurricane serial number, #5414 which had been on a Victory Loan Drive from 11 April 1945. This is an ex-135 [Bulldog] fighter which records her tire being repaired on 4 August 1945, at No. 3 S.E.H.U. 5414 was inhibited in October 1945, and sold on 20 August 1946.

From early June to 18 July 1945, eight Hurricane fighters arrive for storage and the following day [19] one more Hurricane arrives. That brings the total to 11 Hurricanes on strength. This is recorded in the Daily Diary for 31 July 1945, and they also have 205 Avro Anson trainers in storage. A good number of these will be set on fire and destroyed.

Five of these Hurricane Mk. XII fighters were ex- “Fu-go” Japanese Balloon fighters, which were taken on charge at Yorkton, Moose Jaw, and Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The following history was found in a number of RCAF Daily Diary records, giving a much clearer picture of what took place in after June 1945.
1. #5389 [ex-133 Sqn.] returned 26 June 1945, Inhibited 15 November 1945. Sold 20 August 1946.
2. #5393 [ex-133 Sqn.] returned 18 July 1945. Sold 20 August 1946.
3. #5418 [ex-135 Sqn.] returned 18 July 1945, flown to Air show at Winnipeg, 4 August, and returned 22 August 1945. Inhibited in October 1945. Sold 20 August 1946.
4. #5447 (No. 170 [Ferry] Sqn.) arrived 26-27 June 1945. Inhibited in October. Sold 28 August 1946.
5. #5584 [ex-163- 135] [at the Canadian Aviation and Space Museum, in Ottawa, today] arrived 22 August 1945, picked up by F/O Saidler, 13 June 1946, flew in Winnipeg airshow 12-13th July and then Edmonton 26 July 46. F/L Anderson was the Edmonton pilot, then the Hurricane had engine problems and could not fly. 28 July 1946, flown to Winnipeg. Never sold, saved for display and today in Ottawa, still owned by Canadian Government. Flown only 196:55 hrs.

6. #5588 [ex-163 Sqn.] arrived early June 1945. Picked up by F/O Dibnah R.H. at Swift Current, on 13 June 1946, and flown in Airshow at Winnipeg, by F/O Saidler D. 12-13 July 46. Flown in Edmonton Airshow by F/L Anderson on 26 July 65. Suffered a flat tire at Suffield, Alberta, 28 July 46. Inhibited at unknown location, and not sold until 22 October 1953.

The mystery Hurricane #5424. [Possibly flew in Manitoba]

This Hurricane 5424, was an original No. 135 [Bulldog] Squadron fighter which was stored at No. 18 Staging Unit, Terrace, B.C. on 12 March 1944. The ferrying of 15 Bulldog stored Hurricanes from Terrace to Patricia Bay, B.C. began on 31 March 44, when No. 170 [Ferry] squadron pilots departed with #5413 and #5414. They completed a second record flight for the RCAF, when they returned using the little known “Internal British Columbia Staging Route” with airfields at RCAF Vanderhoof, RCAF Quesnel, RCAF Williams Lake and the most important RCAF Dog Creek.

When No. 135 Squadron flew to join the Americans in their Alaskan Command [RCAF “Y” Wing, Annette, Alaska] on 16 August 1943, they were the first RCAF squadron to fly this interior route, which was still under construction. Now they became the first to return to Patricia Bay, using the same interior route. On 7 September 1944, Lodestar 555 delivered six 170 ferry pilots to Terrace, B.C. at 15:30 hrs. They were assigned Hurricane #5407, #5411, #5418, #5421, #5424 [above] and #5589, departing Terrace, B.C. at 18:00 hrs. The remote RCAF Station Dog Creek had just been installed with night time landing lights, due to the fact it was a most important 24-hour fueling point. [In 1944-1945, this RCAF Station saved the lives of many Canadian and American fuel-starved aircraft] Today it is gone from sight and totally forgotten. Just before midnight, 7 Sept. 1944, the six Hurricane aircraft arrived for fuel, and became the first night-time landing and take-off at RCAF Station Dog Creek. Hurricane 5424 was now flown to Patricia Bay, and next ferried back to Lethbridge, Alberta, by No. 170 Squadron, possibly in November 1944. Possibly placed into storage at No. 2 Reserve Equipment Maintenance Unit, Moose Jaw, Sask., on 5 December 1945. Forty-two aircraft arrived on that date. I cannot find any serial record in any RCAF unit Daily Diary.

No. 3 Bombing and Gunnery School at MacDonald, Manitoba, did not close until 17 February 1945. On 13 September 1944, they had on charge two Hawker Hurricane fighters and received three more on that date, total now five. No serial numbers are listed.

On the 19 September 1945, Hurricane 5424 arrives at No. 8 Repair Depot, Winnipeg, for minor repairs. It is next flown to No. 3 Bombing and Gunnery School, Macdonald, Manitoba, for storage.

Eight months later, spring of 1946, Hurricane #5424 is found in storage at No. 3 S.E.H.U. at Swift Current, Saskatchewan, where it is sold on 15 August 1946. It was later obtained by Lynn Garrison and moved to Calgary, along with Hurricane 5389. 5424 is leased, without any approval by owner Lynn Garrison, to a man in Saskatchewan, where it is secretly sold to a millionaire in U.K. It arrives in England, then it is reported ‘stolen’ to Calgary Police, and nothing can be done. It sits for five years in U.K. with no serial number, then it is registered with a false number. It is sold, and then appears with a new serial number, again false, and now the owners are attempting to flog it to anyone with over two million bucks to thrown away on a false fighter, with a false history. A pure crime of Canadian and British greed, caused by money, which can only be solved by more money. Buy it, return it to Canada, and paint it correctly as 5424.

Hurricane 5424 is the ninth confirmed WWII Canadian Mk. XII Hurricane, out of a total of eleven, which were in storage at No. 3 S.E.H.U. at Swift Current, Saskatchewan, June 1945 to July-August 1946. For many years, it has been rumored this Hurricane flew patrols against the Japanese Fu-go Balloons, however this history is still a mystery. Rivers, Manitoba, had one Spitfire and one Mosquito for tracking balloons drifting that far East.

Thanks to the Japanese Fu-go Balloons, the five [original] Hurricanes assigned to shoot them down, remained protected and stored in Western Canada. That protected them from being scrapped, and three [5389, 5418 and 5447] were purchased by Saskatchewan farmers, preserving our RCAF past, and now they are found in Calgary, Wetaskiwin, and [Vintage Wings of Canada] Ottawa.

The fourth Hurricane 5584 can be found in the Canadian Aviation and Space Museum in Ottawa, sitting beside our Lancaster Mk. X which has been painted incorrectly for the past fifty years.

Collection Pierre Lagacé 2015

Collection Pierre Lagacé 2015

Collection Pierre Lagacé 2015

Collection Pierre Lagacé 2015

Such a beautiful Canadian built Mk. XII Hurricane fighter, with almost no historical information. It flew with No. 163 Squadron, and was placed into “Reserve Storage” a number of times, available for disposal 12 July 1945. On 18 April 1946, retained by RCAF for purpose of display. To the average visitor of “our” Canadian Aviation and Space Museum, this is not a very important or interesting WWII fighter aircraft. But wait, it is most important, provided it receives the correct historical information, and they remove the British spinner from the nose.

The Ottawa Hurricane [today] is displayed with a “Canadian” manufactured spinner, which the average person has no idea about. So, visitors just think it is “British”, and that’s the point I am attempting to make.

Here is a photo which shows a first Canadian spinner, appearing in No. 133 Squadron at Tofino, B.C., March 1944.

Collection Gordon Hill

Only a few Hurricanes received this spinner, as the aircraft was obsolete by 1944, and being replaced by the Kittyhawks. The photo was taken at Tofino, B.C. before the move to Sea Island, Vancouver, on 10 March 1944. This was Hurricane #5377 [“S”] of S/L W.C. Connell, the C.O., and possibly the only one to received this Canadian spinner.

No. 163 [Army Co-operation] Squadron was formed at Sea Island, [Vancouver] B.C. on 1 March 1943. They flew obsolete Bristol Bolingbroke Mk. IV aircraft on West Coast photographic assignments, and the North American Harvard Mk. II, in close support of Army troops in ground training exercises at Camp Wainwright, Alberta. In late June 1943, the squadron was converted to fly the Hurricane Mk. XII fighter and the first two arrived on 5 July 1943. Hurricane #5584 was not only the first to arrive, it became the very first to fly on 11 July 1943, F/L Wilson. 5584 will complete 22 patrols from Sea Island, until end of July 1943, and continue patrols until 13 November 1943.

No. 163 is re-designated a Fighter Squadron on 14 October 1943, and ordered to re-equip with the modern Curtiss Kittyhawk aircraft on 28 November 1943. The last flight of 5584 is on 13 November 1943, F/Sgt. Senecal. By 19 November, the complete squadron has converted to Kittyhawk fighters. Hurricane 5584, 5586 and 5590 are now flown from Sea Island to No. 133 Squadron at Tofino, B.C., on 4 December 1943, and placed into Command Reserve. The squadron is over-strength with fighters and they remain in reserve, never flown, until 4 August 1944. Hurricane 5584 is now returned to No. 2 Training Command, Winnipeg, Manitoba, and placed into storage at an “Aircraft Holding Unit” possibly No. 401 at Swift Current, Sask.

On 1 December 1944, No. 2 Training Command becomes No. 2 Air Command, and 5584 remains in storage. In early March 1945, #5584, #5377, and 5389, are removed from storage and flown to No. 8 Repair Depot, Winnipeg, Manitoba, arriving 12 March 1945. Modification with radio and one 303 Browning machine gun is completed on Hurricane 5584 and 5389, 19 March 1945. They are now flown by No. 170 [Ferry] Squadron pilots to assigned Japanese Fu-go patrol units, and 5389 is assigned Yorkton, Saskatchewan.

On 15 March 1945, F/O W.A. Doyle, #J22160 arrives from Winnipeg, assigned No. 2 R.E.M.U. at Moose Jaw, Sask., a new Hurricane “Fu-go” fighter pilot. Hurricane 5584 arrives on 20 March 1945, and is flown to Rivers, Manitoba, by pilot Doyle on 29 March, [reason unknown] returning to Moose Jaw on 2 April 1945. RCAF Station Rivers Manitoba, had on strength one Spitfire and one Mosquito for tracking Japanese Balloons, and 5584 was possibly involved in training with these fighters.

Hurricane 5584 is air tested on 27 May by pilot Doyle. No Balloons sighted.

Hurricane 5584 is scrambled at 16:00 hrs as a “Crabapple” is sighted 5 miles south of climax, Saskatchewan. This is the first use of the RCAF code word for Japanese Balloons, “CRABAPPLE.”

On 22 August 1945, F/O Hanneson G. J47498 returns Hurricane 5584 to No. 3 S.E.H.U., RCAF, Swift Current, Sask. The fighter is inhibited in November and remains in hangar storage until June 1946.

On 8 December 1945, the RCAF form No. 2 Air Command [H.Q. “K” Composite Flight] at Winnipeg, Manitoba. Assigned aircraft are used for communication, target towing, practice flying, including Canadian “Airshow” flying. On 13 June 1946, F/L Dibnah R.H. and F/O Saidler D. arrive at No. 3 S.E.H.U. Swift Current where they pick up Hurricane 5588 and 5584, flying both back to Winnipeg. On 12-13 July, the two Hurricanes appear in a Winnipeg airshow. On 29 July, both 5588 and 5584 are test flown and head off for an airshow in Edmonton, Alberta. The airshow is held on 26 July 1946, and during an engine run-up, pilot F/O Saidler encounters problems and cannot take part in the airshow. Hurricane 5584 is returned to No 8 Repair Depot on 28 July 1946, for repairs and placed into stored reserve in Manitoba.

In 1960, the new National Aeronautical Museum in Ottawa begins looking for RCAF aircraft to preserve. Hurricane 5584 is discovered in Mountain View, Ontario, where it will soon be scrapped. It is saved and flown to RCAF Uplands, Ottawa, in August 1962, and repainted for public display. This is the most original preserved Canadian built Hurricane Mk. XII in the world, and has always remained property of the taxpayer [Government] of Canada. On 6 February 1964, it went on public display, where it remains today, wearing a British nose spinner.

Today, the Canadian War Museum, Ottawa, have on display an original “Crabapple” Japanese Fu-go bottom [bomb-sand bag] section, without Balloon. Now, if they [Ottawa] could just get this WWII rare artifact together with the Canadian built Hurricane Mk. XII that hunted “Crabapples”, Wow!

Left is part of a “crabapple” recovered at Provost, Alberta, 7 February 1945, and [right] the one recovered at Minton, Saskatchewan, 12 January 1945, and now in the Canadian War Museum Ottawa.

Hurricane 5584 is powered by a Rolls-Royce Merlin engine. Most visitors to the museum take for granted, it was the best engine, and it was British made. Not true, it was the best, but produced in the United States of America!

In 1939, the Canadian Government was in such a rush to support Britain, it signed a contract to produce training aircraft, and in their eagerness forgot about fighter aircraft and protection of Canada. On 9 March 1941, the Canadian Chief of the Air Staff submitted a proposal for the increased of Hurricane fighters for the Defence of Canada, in the Home War Establishment. Canada had no aero-engine industry and they suddenly realized, the American and British produced all front-line combat aircraft engines, and the real shocker was they also controlled the allocation of engines needed for the airframes built in Canada. In brief, there were chronic shortages of aircraft, aero-engines, and spare parts for the war in Europe 1940-41. Up until 7 December 1941, the British and Americans together opposed the allocation of any Canadian built fighters, with American engines, for the protection of Canada. The events in Washington, D.C., after the attack on Pearl Harbor, changed both the British and American thinking, as fighters were now needed for the protected of the West Coast of both Canada and United States.

In September 1940, the American Packard Motor Company, Detroit, Michigan, signed a multi-million-dollar contract to build the British Rolls-Royce Merlin engine for both the American and British Governments. The first American Packard original Merlin 28 was built with the designation V-1650-1 and shown to the American public on 2 August 1941. Canadian Car and Foundry Co. Ltd. also signed a contract with the British Ministry of Aircraft Production for the manufacture of Canadian Hawker Hurricanes for the R.A.F. The first Canadian built Hurricane began flying trials in January 1940, and were delivered to England in the following month. All this history can be found on many websites.

By October 1941, the Packard-built Merlin engines were in full production at Detroit, [Many on the production line were young American ladies] and the second production engine became the Merlin 29. These new engines were shipped from Detroit, to the Can. Car and Foundry plant at Fort William, Ontario, [Now-Thunder Bay] and installed in the Hurricane Mk. XII fighters. The Merlin 29 was a 1,300 h.p. engine manufactured with splined airscrew shaft, fitted with an American built Nash-Kelvinator Hamilton Standard propeller. This American propeller could not accommodate the British made Hurricane spinners, and thus ‘our’ fighters gained a special “Canadian” built-in trademark. They flew without any spinners.

Pilot F/O Gordon Hill began his Hurricane training at No. 1 Operational Training Unit, Bagotville, Quebec, Course #8, on 30 January 1943. His course was delayed by a two-day snow fall, which can be seen in this image, taken around 3 February 1943. This is what Hurricane “Y” looked like, and how Hurricane 5584 should be displayed in Ottawa. England is full of ‘their’ Hurricane fighters, with British spinners. 5584 is the best original Canadian built Hurricane fighter, but to many, a spinner confuses it with a British production aircraft. The original “Crabapple” Hurricane Mk. XII, 5418, in Reynolds Alberta Museum, is displayed correctly, with an American Packard-Rolls-Royce engine displayed beside it.


Canadian Army reports dated 28 March 1945, claim a Japanese Balloon was intercepted and shot down at Strathmore, Alberta. No verified records can be found in any RCAF unit of Station Daily Diary. Two Mitchell B-25 bombers were stationed at Suffield, Alberta, again no record can be found. Tight press censorship was applied to all newspapers, but at times the government allowed some “fake” news to leak out. On 28 May 1945, a Japanese Balloon landed intact at High River, Alberta, just south of Calgary. A reporter for the Calgary Albertan [Calgary Sun today] obtained these photos, but he could not publish until 23 June 1945, and only without revealing location, date, or time.

Fu-Go Balloons in Canada

Released in Japan, during normal winter wind conditions, the Japanese Fire Balloons took approximately 70 hours to reach the west coast of Canada. As would be expected, most balloons with positive identification landed in British Columbia, with 39 found, the last in October 2014. Once they crossed the Rocky Mountains, Alberta discovered 17, then 9 in Saskatchewan, and 5 in Manitoba. It is estimated that 1,000 balloons reached North America and combined, Canadian and American authorities only found, [or reported] 285. That means around 600 are still out there someplace.

This is a list of the positive known balloons [or parts] that were found in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba, from 1 January 1945 to 15 June 45. March was clearly the month most balloons appeared over the Prairies, and when four Hurricane fighter were flying patrols.
1 January 1945 Stony Rapids, Sask.
12 January 1945 Minton, Sask.
7 February 1945 Provost, Alberta.
9 February 1945 Moose Jaw, Sask.
22 February 1945 Manyberries [Lethbridge] Alberta.
22 February 1945 Porcupine Plains, Sask.
10 March 1945 Nelson House, Manitoba.
11 March 1945 Edson, Alberta.
12 March 1945 Oxford House, Manitoba.
13 March 1945 Baril Lake, Alberta.
14 March 1945 Hay Lake, Alberta.
19 March 1945 Marie Lake, Manitoba.
20 March 1945 Fort Chipewyn, Alberta.
20 March 1945 William Lake, Manitoba.
20 March 1945 Olds, Alberta.
20 March 1945 Wimborne, Alberta.
21 March 1945 Delburne, Alberta.
21 March 1945 Camsell Portage, Sask.
23 March 1945 Athabasca, Alberta.
23 March 1945 Delburne, Alberta.
24 March 1945 Medicine Hat, Alberta.
28 March 1945 Strathmore, Alberta.
29 March 1945 Medicine Hat, Alberta.
30 March 1945 Consul, Sask.
30 March 1945 Waterton Lake, Manitoba.
31 March 1945 Ituna, Sask.
1 April 1945 Yorkton, Sask.
5 May 1945 Stettler, Alberta.
15 May 1945 Kelvington, Sask.
23 May 1945 Milo, Alberta.
28 May 1945 High River, Alberta. Reported in newspaper 23 June 1945.
15 June 1945 Whitecourt, Alberta.

Alberta had two aircraft stationed at RCAF Detachment, Suffield, Alberta. Very little has been recorded or researched on their operation. One B-25 Mitchell bomber KJ641, was on strength in February 1945, and reported in articles, as used to track Japanese Balloons. It appears in the Daily Dairy with a number of different pilots, conducting what they called ‘Local 104” or “Local 101” and other numbers. A Boston Bomber BE410 was also used for camera work, and that’s about all I can make out.

On 7 February 1945, a single Mosquito fighter arrived at 17:00 hrs, with a No. 170 ferry pilot and navigator. They returned to No. 1 R.E.H.U. at Lethbridge, Alberta. The Mosquito was flown by different crews and did special tests called F.E. 291 or F.E. 293, and other code numbers. The tests were conducted at 30,000 feet and recorded on film by the Boston Bomber. The Mosquito remained on strength until 4 April 1945, and then left for Regina, Sask. I believe this was all top secret, involving the Japanese Balloons, during the same time period 22 Balloons were found in the three Prairies provinces. Canadian Government officials were very concerned the balloons were being used to carry a biological war to Canada.

About the Mosquito

I have attached here the RCAF Suffield Daily Diary 7 Feb, and end of month 28 Feb. 45. I believe this RCAF Mosquito worked with the five Hurricanes in Saskatchewan, but I have no further proof.

I think releasing this information is a good time and place.

The known balloons to land in Canada up until 28 August 1945, was 88, which includes N.W.T, and Yukon. Historians report the Japanese stopped releasing balloons in early April 1945, and that is not correct. The High River balloon arrived on 28 May 45, and it was intact, after releasing incendiary bombs and anti-personnel bomb, possibly over the Rocky Mountains of Alberta. The self-destruct bomb mechanism failed to work, and the bomb came down in a farmers field, bouncing along until it hit a fence. This Japanese Fu-Go balloon was launched around 23-24 May, then 70-80 hours later was recovered and flown to Ottawa. One more balloon would be found in Alberta in June 45, and two in Yukon. In July 45, six balloons were found in B.C. and one in Yukon. In August 45, three balloons were found in B.C.

Born and raised on a farm in Southern Alberta, I fully understand the winds that seem to always blow in Alberta. That is the reason many balloons were blown north from United Sates and landed in southern Alberta and Saskatchewan. Right in the middle of this was the location of RCAF Detachment, Suffield, Alberta, today a British Army [restricted] training area. The truth may never be fully released.


The last original “Crabapple” Hurricane fighter 5389

The last original “Crabapple” Hurricane fighter 5389, has been stored outside, lost, forgotten, and almost given away to another millionaire in England. This fighter is truly a survivor, in more ways than I could ever describe.

Hurricane 5389, [in Calgary today] was taken out of No. 2 Reserve Equipment Maintenance Unit, RCAF, Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, in March 1945. It was flown to No. 8 Repair Depot, at Winnipeg, Manitoba, 12 March 1945, along with #5377 and #5584. [in Ottawa today] The modification of radio and one .303 Browning machine gun was completed on 14 March, and No. 170 [Ferry] Squadron flew 5389 to No. 23 E.F.T.S. at Yorkton, Saskatchewan, where it is taken on strength, Daily Diary, [15 March 1945]. No. 23 EFTS did not close until 15 September 1945, and records of all activities appear in Daily Diary, however there is no record of Hurricane pilot, any scramble or sightings of Japanese Balloon, just one Hurricane taken on strength. A second Hurricane 5588 arrived on 10 April 1945, and again is only shown taken on charge. On 24 June 1945, a mobile repair party of five, from No. 8 Repair Depot, complete an M.5 inspection of Hurricane 5389 at Yorkton, Sask. The machine gun is removed and No. 170 [Ferry] squadron fly the fighter back to storage at No. 3 S.E.H.U. Swift Current, Sask. The Daily Diary at Swift Current record shows Hurricane 5389 is inhibited in a hangar on 15 November 1946. In the spring of 1946, the Hurricane is ready for disposal, taken off strength by RCAF and sold by War Assets Corporation on 20 August 1946. The new owner is Mr. Robert R. Hamilton, 3915 Montague St. Regina, Saskatchewan. The Hurricane is placed on a farm outside Regina and forgotten.

During his flying days with No. 403 Squadron in Calgary, Lynn Garrison befriended a young 15-year-old who wanted to be a fighter pilot, Joe E. McGoldrick. Lynn would take him to the airport and left him sit in the Mustangs and Harvard aircraft. When he was old enough, Joe joined the RCAF, but they made him a navigator, so he dropped out, as he wanted to be a pilot. He returned to Calgary and began a concerted effort to become a pilot. He obtained his licence, spent many hours as a flight instructor and was finally accepted by Pacific Western Airlines. During the early days Garrison was forming the Alberta Aviation Museum, Joe was a student pilot in training for navigator, at RCAF Station Winnipeg. On weekends Joe would drive around and locate WWII aircraft. He learned that Hurricane 5389 was for sale and Calgary mechanic Ed Fleming purchased 5389 and 5424 from the farmer owners in Regina, Saskatchewan. Later in 1962, Lynn Garrison was looking for Hurricane fighters and Ed was doing a rebuild of a WWII P-51 Mustang. Lynn Garrison traded a set of Mustang wings, one Packard Merlin 29 engine and a Mustang propeller to Ed Fleming for the two Hurricane fighters, 5424 and 5389. The two Hurricanes were transported to Calgary courtesy of Wolton Lumber Company, and placed in the Shell Oil Pipeline storage yard on Edmonton Trail, Calgary. If you are still interested, more details can be found on the website of The Calgary Mosquito Society.

On 21 December 2011, the City of Calgary awards the restoration of “Crabapple” Hurricane fighter 5389 to the Calgary Mosquito Society. The fighter is moved to Historic Aviation Services in Wetaskiwin on 27 October 2012, for restoration to taxi condition. The restoration is expected to be completed a year from now, summer 2018. Today [September 2017] only three RCAF original “Crabapple” Hurricane fighters survive, and two are back together at Wetaskiwin, Alberta.

Next Chapter – The WWII pilot who flew Hurricane 5389, 94-year-old F/O Gordon Hill, from Calgary, Alberta.